Grade 11 Archive

11

Communism in Russia 1900 to 1940

How was communism applied in Russia under Lenin and Stalin?

Background and Focus

In this topic, as well as the next, the rise of the two economic systems that dominated the 20th century: communism and capitalism is analysed.  

By the turn of the 20th century, the USA and the USSR were in different spaces. The US , having conquered  slavery, was on its way ( albeit, slowly)  towards CAPITALISM while the USSR was largely feudal in nature. The US and the USSR were on different trajectories entering the 20th century.  It is important to note these differing conditions since they will serve to shape the future of the global political and economic marketplace.

This topic aims to provide an understanding of Marxism, socialism and various forms of communism in the context of the Soviet Union. The 1905 Revolution can be regarded as the prelude (lead-up) to the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution: Trotsky was involved in setting up the St Petersburg soviet in 1905. Lenin observed the events from exile and adapted his own revolutionary theory.

Online Resource: Upload, Share and Discover Content on SlideShare. 2015. Upload, Share, and Discover Content on SlideShare. [ ONLINE] Available at http://slideshare.net [Accessed 27 January 2015]

The following is to be covered in this topic:

”- What is communism?

Communism hopes to create an egalitarian (equal ) society where class structures are abolished through the state assuming ownership of the country’s resources and distributing these resources equally amongst its citizens.


References:
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• ”¢ The link between the 1905 and 1917 revolutions: mass participation of workers and peasants; Trotsky’s role; and the influence on Lenin’s revolutionary theory; 1. World Socialist Web Site - Marxist analysis, international working class struggles & the fight for socialism. 2015. World Socialist Web Site - Marxist analysis, international working class struggles & the fight for socialism. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.wsws.org. [Accessed 27 January 2015]. ”¢ The February and October revolutions of 1917: political, economic and social causes; 1. The weakness of Czar Nicholas II
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Last updated : 14-Nov-2017

This article was produced for South African History Online on 20-Jan-2015