History of elections in South Africa

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The South African general elections: 1929

The 1929 general election was contested by the South African Party (SAP), the National Party (NP), the Labour Party (LP), and the Independents. The number of registered voters was 461 820, the total number of votes (voter turnout) was 347 924, the number of invalid or blank votes was not available. The total number of valid votes was 343 897. The SAP obtained 159 896 votes, the NP obtained 141 579 votes, the Labour Party (LP) obtained 33 919 votes, and the Independents obtained 8 503 votes. 

The 1929 general election in South Africa was won by General JBM Hertzog’s National Party (NP), with an outright majority, on 14 June 1929. The NP won 78 seats, the South African Party (SAP) won 61 seats, the Labour Party won eight seats, and the Independents won one seat in the 148-seat House of Assembly.

Hertzog accused Smuts’ Party of supporting racial equality, and represented the nationalist vote for a White South Africa. Race played an important role in the 1929 elections. Members of Creswell’s Labour Party remained cabinet ministers.

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References:
• Johnson, S. (1988). South Africa: No turning back. Macmillan.
• Tirykian, E.A. (1960). Apartheid and politics in South Africa. The Journal of Politics, Vol. 22, No 4, pp.682-697.
• Stultz, N. M. (1974). Afrikaner politics in South Africa, 1934-1948. University of California press. Berkely/ Los Angeles/ London.
• Roger B. Beck. (2000). The history of South Africa. Greenwood press, Cape Town, South Africa. 
•  Butler, J and Stultz, N M.  (1963). The South African general election of 1961, in Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 78, No. 1, pp. 86-110.    
•  Heard, A. K. (1974). General elections in South Africa. London. New York. Toronto: Oxford University.  

Last updated : 24-Mar-2014

This article was produced for South African History Online on 24-Feb-2014