The Battle of Vechtkop (Vegkop), near present day Heilbron, FS, between the Voortrekkers and the Ndebele takes place. Kalipi attacks the laager with 6 000 warriors. 430 Ndebele and two Voortrekkers are killed. There is difference of opinion about the exact date of the attack, but it is certain that news of the campaign reached the Ndebele king at Kapain, Marico district, on 25 October.
• Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds) (1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 11, p. 181
• Kruger, D.W. (ed) (1979). Geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika; verwerk en bygewerk deur D.W. Kruger; 3de bygewerkte uitg., Goodwood, Cape Town: NASOU, p. 205.
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