Boer statesman, soldier and first president of the South African (Transvaal) Republic, Marthinus Wessel Pretorius dies

222

pretorius-mw

Sunday, 19 May 1901

Boer statesman, soldier and first president of the South African (Transvaal) Republic, Marthinus Wessel Pretorius, died at his home in Potchefstroom at the age of eighty-one. He was elected as president by the Volksraad in 1857 and also served as president of the Orange Free State from 1859 to 1863, the only man to have held both offices. Despite that success, however, his plans to merge the two republics were unsuccessful. Pretorius was the eldest son of the Great Trek leader Andries Pretorius and his wife Christina Petronella de Wit.

References:
• Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970).Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 9, p. 118.
•  Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

Last updated : 19-May-2015

This article was produced for South African History Online on 16-Mar-2011