During the height of the Mau Mau rebellion, Sir Evelyn Baring, governor of Kenya, introduced the death penalty for anyone who organised the taking of the Mau Mau oath. The British argued that the oath was often forced upon Kikuyu people. It called for the individual's death if he failed to kill a European farmer or even his own relations when ordered to do so by the organisation.
Organisers of Mau Mau oath to receive death penalty
Sunday, 18 January 1953
• Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 7, p. 249.