On 14 March, 1994, the Transitional Executive Council (TEC) management committee decided on a new administration for Bophuthatswana. The decision followed a widespread revolt that gripped Bophuthatswana as demonstrators demanded the reincorporation of the nominally independent homeland into the Republic of South Africa and clashed with the police. South African troops in armoured vehicles were sent into the capital of Mmabatho after around 50 people were killed and scores were injured during violent clashes in the homeland. Mangope was removed from office by South African Foreign Minister Pik Botha and TEC member Mac Maharaj. Chief Lucas Mangope was overthrown as leader of Bophuthatswana and Dr. Tjaart van der Walt was appointed as the territory's new administrator.
• South Africa. Info, ’72 Days that shaped South Africa’, [online], Available at www.southafrica.info[Accessed: 16 February 2012]
• O’Malley P. ‘1994’, from Nelson Mandela Foundation, [online], Available at www.nelsonmandela.org[Accessed: 16 February 2012]