Transvaal burghers shoot Jacobus du Toit on horseback

Sunday, 14 September 1862

Transvaal burghers shoot Jacobus du Toit on horseback

In the early 1860s, the Boers that had settled in the Transvaal were far from united, and when Marthinus Wessels Pretorius was elected both president of the Orange Free State and president of the Zuid Afrikaanse Republiek (ZAR), Stephanus Schoeman led an ant- Pretorius faction, which led to a civil war.

During the Civil War of 1862-3, Commandant General Stephanus Schoeman's property was besieged by Commandant SJP Kruger's forces, to prevent any news being relayed to the rebel leader.

Popular belief is that Jacobus du Toit, son of Pretoria's first magistrate, Andries Du Toit, was unaware of the situation, and went to call on the general.

Apparently, it was a stormy night, and du Toit did not heed any warnings to stand back, and shots were fired. It is unclear whether du Toit or only his horse was killed, but nevertheless, this incident is said to have led to naming of Bloed or 'Blood' Street in Pretoria Central.



  1. Wallis, F. (2000) Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

Last updated : 13-Sep-2013

This article was produced for South African History Online on 16-Mar-2011