The pioneer party of the last phase of the Satyagraha Campaign, 1913


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Private Collection, Omar badsha

Gandhi's Satyagraha Campaign was a passive resistance campaign in protest against the legal restrictions on Indians and the tax law.The Campaign started in 1906 but by 1908 it had lost momentum. In March of 1913 the campaign got the impetus it needed to resume. In a judgement of the Supreme Court, Judge Searle refused to recognise Hindu and Muslim marriages. Angered by this, Indian women joined the Campaign for the first time. The participation of women passive resisters was a key element of the Satyagraha Campaign of 1913 - 1914