Born in 1933, in India he came to South Africa with his family in 1935. Adams joined South African Indian Congress (SAIC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) in the forties during the anti-Ghetto Act campaign. With the SAIC he collected food and money for families whose wage earners were jail during the 1952 Defiance Campaign.
During the 1950s, he was arrested several times in protest campaigns. He was convicted for painting Freedom Charter slogans in 1955.
Notable as the first accused, alphabetically, in the Treason Trial, Regina v. F. Adams and others, which lasted from 1956 to 1961. At the time of his arrest for treason in 1956 he was employed as a clerk. He was banned in 1960.