Günther Komnick

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People category:

Biographical information

Synopsis:

Farm hand, lithographer, graphic artist, photographer, author and Associate of the Royal Photographic Society

First name: 
Günther
Last name: 
Komnick
Date of birth: 
1929
Location of birth: 
Insterburg in the former German province of East Prussia

Günther Komnick was born in Insterburg in the former German province of East Prussia in 1929 into a cultured family of artists. He lived through the monumental events of World War II, digging anti-tank trenches in his youth, to spending the end of the war in a Russian labour camp, from the ages of 15 to 18, together with his mother and younger sister. It was during these years in the labour camp that as he says “you learn to appreciate the little things, you take nothing for granted”. With people dying all around him from typhus and starvation Komnick says: “I never throw any food away. When you learn what a piece of bread can mean, you can’t throw it away.” It was during the experience in the camp that he started making his haunting sketches of people, often on the threshold of death. “In the camp you develop your instincts for fear, for survival and to recognise danger. At the time I hated the Russians, but over the years I realised it was the whole system that was responsible for the suffering, not the individual soldiers.” Komnick recounts how his mother would take a single potato and boil it and the ensuing soup would constitute a meal for three people.

At 18 years of age, he and his family escaped from the camp in Pomerania, now in Poland, to Lübeck in northern Germany he made his way with a friend to Donauesching in the Black Forest in south-western Germany, with a view to becoming sculptor. The area is renowned for its tradition of wood sculpture. He worked for a number of years as a farm hand before being given his big break by one Joseph Bromberger, who set him on his way to become a lithographer. Komnick recounts how as a farm worker his job including filling in bomb craters, left by American stray bombs and cleaning out cowsheds and harvesting.

“This brother who had a brother who was an architect and he noticed that I wasn’t really a farm labourer and that I could become a sculptor. He said his best friend was a sculptor, had won awards and what have you, but that he was starving, that it was not a job you can make a living from. Then in November in 1949 I was cleaning the cowsheds when this man came, Joseph Bromberger and took me on as an apprentice as a lithographer. The family took me in as part of their family.”

After his apprenticeship, Komnick continued his training in Switzerland, first in Basel and then in Bern, He qualified as a lithographer and graphic artist with the Lithographische Kunstanstalt Bromberger in Donaueshingen in the Black Forest. He excelled as a designer in Switzerland before seeing an advertisement for South Africa. He came to South Africa in 1956 and after a period in Johannesburg set up his own graphic design business in Cape Town.

Since the 1960s he has travelled extensively in Southern Africa, Egypt, the Middle East and Zanzibar. The images he created reflect the ancient heritage and stark landscapes of Egypt, Jordan and Syria, to the energetic fusion of South Africa; from the austere beauty of Namibia to the exotic allure of Zanzibar.

It is from this archive, built up over five decades, that he published Impressions, a celebration of colour and composition that is honest, kind, thoughtful yet joyous.

His photographic book, Impressions, is the culmination not only of years of professional experience, but also of personal experience, as Komnick recounts:

“I knew I had no chance to do matric. I came out of a labour camp; I hardly had shoes or clothes. So while in Switzerland, every night I went to evening classes and educated myself, including studying life drawing. At the time lithographers were the designers of the day. You worked on stone, engraving on stone.” There can’t be many professional photographers still working today who went from lithography to digital. With photography, Komnick says, he understood that “you can’t do everything by hand”. With his first camera (a Rolleiflex), Komnick’s artistic, inspirational impulse could then graft itself on his profession as a graphic artist.

Komnick won 2nd place (Silver) in the 2010 International Photography Awards (IPA) Competition in the category "Book-Other” for Impressions from nearly 15 000 submissions from 103 countries for the various categories in this annual competition. The IPA was established in 2003 in Los Angeles, United States of Ameica to recognise contemporary photographers’ accomplishments worldwide.

His latest publication is a book of black and white photographs, Cape Town Memories of the ‘60s - a collection of evocative images of life in Cape Town’s Bo-Kaap and District Six fifty years ago, which focuses on the vibrant everyday existence of the people from these areas. This collection of black and white photographs captures the essence of a long gone but treasured era, and honours the indomitable spirit of the people depicted.

Komnick is a Lifetime Associate of the prestigious Royal Photographic Society and has won various awards, international and local, including awards for his illustrations of children’s books. GÁ¼nther has twice received the prestigious CP Hoogenhout gold medal for his children’s book illustrations

Coming from a family of artists, Komnick retains his individual, pioneering approach to visual art: “I always had my own way of doing things. I like pictures that tell a story, that have a meaning. If you have to explain what a picture is all about, then it’s not a picture.”

GÁ¼nther Komnick, is a multiple award winning photographer has stayed at the top of his game, responding as he says to that creative urge, “to what is inside”, to make his images comes alive.

“To see things, to not be blind to the beauty that is around you. Nature to me is inspiring, and it is the emptiness, the simplicity which makes it great. In Impressions we not only see places, but the people in and of those places, and how they merge into their environment, how their eyes reveal and gestures and way of being reflect an inner world. “I always look for beauty and depth,” he says, adding, “you must respond to the drive within you, otherwise you won’t find any peace. You always have to create. When you’re hungry you have to eat. In the same way you must feed your mind. If you stop creating, you’re nothing.”  


References:
• Günther Komnick biography ”“ Email to SAHO [Dated: 23 June 2014]
• Komnick, G, (2014), Günther Komnick, [online], Available at www.guntherkomnick.com [Accessed: 25 June 2014]

Last updated : 10-Jan-2017

This article was produced for South African History Online on 27-Jun-2014