Politics & Society

The Pass Laws was a system used to control the movement of Black, Indian and Coloured people in South Africa. The pass said which areas a... read more
1906 11 September, A mass meeting of Indians took place at the Empire Theatre in Johannesburg in connection with the agitation at... read more
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The passive resistance movement in South Africa is seen as, largely, led by M K Gandhi and the Indian Congresses campaigns. However, this... read more
[baPedi – People and sePedi – Language] The four major ethnic divisions among Black South Africans are the Nguni, Sotho-Tswana... read more
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The largest North-Sotho language group in South Africa are the Bapedi group, who arrived in the northern province around the 1650s, and... read more
People Against Gangsterism and Drugs (PAGAD) came into being in 1996 when communities on the Cape Flats, Cape Town decided to form an anti-... read more
South Africa has early human fossils at Sterkfontein and other sites. The first modern inhabitants of the country were the hunter-gatherer... read more
Introduction We are not dealing with sets of statistics. We are talking about people of flesh and blood, who laugh and cry, who love and... read more
Story Synopsis Inxeba is essentially an intersectional story about three Xhosa men that is told in the setting of the mountains of the... read more
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On 9 June 1983, three members of the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC), uMkhonto we Sizwe (MK), were executed at the... read more
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Introduction. Pondoland is the traditional area of the Pondo people, one of the Xhosa speaking peoples. Pondoland area is... read more
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Labour migrancy from Pondoland began when labour recruiters started looking for people who were prepared to leave the surrounding Transkei... read more
The Pondo people fiercely resisted the rise of the Colonisersand their attempts to reshape and re-engineer Pondoland and to co-opt their... read more
Poqo was formed as an armed wing to the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) during the 1960's and was known for its aggressively violent sabotage... read more
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Mass mobilization of the 1950s culminated in the Sharpeville massacre on 21 March 1960. Soon thereafter the apartheid government banned the... read more

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