Politics & Society

The overthrow of Portugal’s Prime Minister, Marcello Caetano, on 25 April 1974 hailed a watershed moment for the former Portuguese colonies... read more
In 1894, Pondoland was annexed by the Cape Colony. It was one of the last occupied areas in South Africa. The area was not occupied by... read more
World opposition to Apartheid Enforced racial segregation in South Africa began with the arrival of the Dutch and English colonisers.... read more
The first mention of a Coloured Affairs Department (CAD) and Coloured Advisory Council (CAC) was made by Prime Minister Jan Smuts, in 1941... read more
1959-1960: Formation, Sharpeville and Banning For many years there was tension inside the African National Congress (ANC) between those... read more
On 24 December 1651, accompanied by his wife and son, Jan van Riebeeck set off from Texel in The Netherlands for the Cape of Good Hope. Van... read more
Trade unions are created to protect the rights of the workers. In democratic South Africa trade unions have the power to guarantee workers... read more
In September and October 1977, the apartheid government stiffened its resolve to end the nationwide student unrest that broke out in Soweto... read more
After the fall of Port Natal Port Natal Andries Pretorius arrived from Graaff-Reinet. On 25 November 1838 Pretorius took over leadership as... read more
The Battle of Ndondakusuka, which occurred on 2 December, 1856, was essentially a battle of succession.  Indecision on the part of... read more
Participation as combatants in the First World War was reserved for men of “European descent”. [i] According to Article 7 of... read more
The Berlin Conference can be best understood as the formalisation of the Scramble for Africa. This British coined the term sometime in 1884... read more
The landscape of Black political activity in the 1960s was different that of the previous decade. The apartheid government had banished the... read more
This article was written by Ashley Schumacher and forms part of the SAHO and Southern Methodist University partnership project During the... read more
In the 1870s a series of farming associations emerged in the Cape, both in the west and in the east. While both English and Afrikaner... read more