This Day in History

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Thursday, January 1, 1948

The novelist, playwright, poet and academic is born on this day in the Eastern Cape.[1]

End Notes

[1]Zakes Mda, http://openbookfestival.co.za/authors/zakes-mda/ (7 March 2017).

This article was produced for South African History Online on 08-Mar-2017

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Saturday, January 1, 2005
    Six injured South African survivors of the tsunami in Thailand arrive at Lanseria airport on board a rescue flight from Bangkok. The tsunamis were set off a week ago by a massive earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale west of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The tsunamis have left about 125 000 people dead along the Indian Ocean shorelines. Sixteen South Africans are still missing, fourteen of them in Thailand and two in India. In a joint operation involving government, Netcare, Discovery Health, and the SA Jewish Board of Deputies, a planeload of medical officers and Foreign Affairs consular officers have been sent to Thailand to evacuate the trapped South Africans.
    References:

  • Saturday, January 1, 2000
    A new award scheme for miners is implemented. The Inspectorate administers the scheme on behalf of the Mine Health and Safety Council.
    References:
    • Burger, D. (ed)(2002). South Africa Yearbook 2001/02, Pretoria: GCIS, p. 412

  • Friday, January 1, 1999
    The Defence Special Tribunal Act, 1998, providing for the expeditious adjudication of disputes concerning military institutions and the rationalisation process of the Department of Defence, becomes effective.
    References:
    • Burger, D. (ed)(2002). South Africa Yearbook 2001/02, Pretoria: GCIS, p. 459

  • Monday, January 1, 1990
    General Johan van der Merwe is appointed as new commissioner of police.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 157

  • Monday, January 1, 1996
    At least twenty-eight people are murdered in KwaZulu-Natal on New Year's Day.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Sunday, January 1, 1989
    Stompie Sepei is taken from the Methodist manse in Orlando by Jerry Richardson, former coach of the Mandela United football team, which acted as bodyguards for Winnie Mandela, and brought to her house in Diepkloof, Soweto. Richardson was later sentenced to death for the murder of Stompie. Winnie Mandela was named as an accomplice in the assault. 
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. liv

  • Sunday, January 1, 1978
    The study privileges of Sisulu and Mandela are permanently withdrawn.
  • Wednesday, January 1, 1986
    Twelve residents are killed in a KwaNdebele vigilante attack on Moutse, KwaNdebele.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p.263.

  • Sunday, January 1, 1978
    Donald Woods, editor of the East London Daily Dispatch, escapes to Lesotho through the Caledon River on his way to London.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  http://news.bbc.co.uk/

  • Thursday, January 1, 1976
    The Centre against Apartheid is established in the United Nations Secretariat, with E. S. Reddy, Chief of Section for African Affairs, as director.
  • Tuesday, January 1, 1974
    With effect from this date the New Zealand government terminates all tariff preferences previously granted to South Africa.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Thursday, January 1, 1970
    The University College of Zululand, formerly affiliated to the University of South Africa, attains full academic autonomy as the University of Zululand.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 11, p. 606.

  • Saturday, January 1, 1972
    For the first time in the history of the South African Police Force (SAP) policewomen are enlisted as full members of the force. They are to start their training on 1 March 1972.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 8, p. 1972.

  • Sunday, January 1, 1967
    SA signs multilateral Sugar Agreement of 1958.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Thursday, January 1, 1970
    The Weights and Measures Bill, providing for the metrification of weights and measures, thereby introducing the metric system, comes into effect.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Sunday, January 1, 1967
    Bosman de Kock is appointed director of the Performing Arts Council of the Transvaal (PACT). 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, January 1, 1966
    In a New Year message, Prime Minister Verwoerd emphasises that South African policy is one of non-interference in the issues between Rhodesia and the United Kingdom. Regular relations will be maintained with both parties.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Saturday, January 1, 1966
    President David Dacko of the Central African Republic is ousted in a military coup by army commander Jean-Bédel Bokassa.
    References:
    • Bute, E.L. & Harmer, H.J.P. (1997). The Black Handbook, London: Cassell.

  • Wednesday, January 1, 1964
    Maruping Sebastian Bonokwane, trade unionist and MEC for Economic Affairs and Tourism in the Northern Cape Provincial government, is born in Kimberley.
    References:
    • Hayes, S. (ed)(2000).  Who's Who of Southern Africa 2001 ..., Graighall: Jonathan Ball.

  • Tuesday, January 1, 1963
    Thousands of Commonwealth citizens resident in South Africa, mostly Britons, become technically aliens through failing to apply for permanent residence by 31 December 1962 under the Commonwealth Relations Act enacted on 15 June 1962.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Sunday, January 1, 1956
    Sudan is declared an independent republic.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  http://africanhistory.about.com/

  • Friday, January 1, 1960
    Cameroon declares independence from France.
  • Monday, January 1, 1962
    Rwanda is granted internal self-government by Belgium.
  • Friday, January 1, 1954
    Black Education Act No 47 commences.
  • Thursday, January 1, 1942
    Victoria Nonyamezelo Mxenge, civil rights lawyer and political activist, is born in King William's Town, Eastern Cape.
    References:
    • Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.2, Pretoria: Vista.

  • Wednesday, January 1, 1941
    Johannes Frederik Janse van Rensburg (Hans) is appointed as leader of the Ossewabrandwag (OB), an Afrikaner cultural movement, opposed to SA's participation in WW2.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, January 1, 1936
    Albert John Luthuli acts as elected Chief at Groutville after resigning his teaching post in 1935. In 1952 he was deposed as Chief by Government decree.
    References:

  • Tuesday, January 1, 1935
    Italian colonies of Tripoli, Cyrenaica and Fezzan are merged as Libya.
  • Saturday, January 1, 1916
    Job Patja Kekana, S.A. sculptor, is born in Potgietersrus, Transvaal.
    References:
    • Rankin, E. (1989). Images of Wood: aspects of the history of sculpture in 20th-century South Africa,Johannesburg: Johannesburg Art Gallery.

  • Sunday, January 1, 1922
    Coalminers strike because of lowered wages.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, January 1, 1912
    Percy Fisher, born in 1891 in Durham, England, miner and unionist who was regarded as the main leader of the 1922 miners' strike and who had close links with the International Socialist League, predecessor of the Communist Party of SA, arrives in Cape Town by ship.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Monday, January 1, 1906
    Dr Benedict Wallet Vilakazi, poet and writer and first Black South African to receive a doctorate in literature, is born in Groutville, Natal.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, January 1, 1900
    British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established.
  • Monday, January 1, 1906
    The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable.
    References:
    • Muller, C.F.J. (ed)(1981). Five Hundred years: a history of South Africa; 3rd rev. ed., Pretoria: Academica, p. 371.

  • Tuesday, January 1, 1895
    Lord Lugard, leading the expedition of the Royal Niger Company in West Africa, claims a protectorate over Nikki and Bussa.
    References:
    • Pakenham, T. (1991). The Scramble for Africa, Johannesburg: Jonathan Ball
    •  http://www.ru.ac.za/

  • Tuesday, January 1, 1895
    C. Lindenberg Letty, botanical artist who was commemorated in the botanical names Aloe lettae and Crassula lettae, is born in Standerton, Transvaal.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Tuesday, January 1, 1895
    The regular railway service between the capital of the ZAR, Pretoria, and Lourenço Marques starts.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 8, p. 157

  • Monday, January 1, 1894
    South African Amateur Athletic Union is founded in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, January 1, 1876
    Sir Henry Bulwer, governor of Natal, turns the first sod of the Durban-Pietermaritzburg railway line.
    References:
    • Muller, C.F.J. (ed)(1981). Five Hundred years: a history of South Africa; 3rd rev. ed., Pretoria: Academica, p. 225.

  • Sunday, January 1, 1893
    The railway line from Germiston to Pretoria is opened to traffic.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 9, p. 219

  • Sunday, January 1, 1871
    Johann Franz (Hans) Endler, composer, director and co-founder of the Stellenbosch music conservatory, is born in Mohrau, Austrian Bohemia.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 4, p. 310.