This Day in History

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Friday, June 1, 2001

Nkosi Johnson, an HIV-positive pupil and subsequent activist for those living with the virus, passes away.[1]

End Notes

[1] Nkosi Johnson, https://www.theguardian.com/news/2001/jun/02/guardianobituaries.aids (8 April 2017).

This article was produced for South African History Online on 02-May-2017

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Thursday, June 1, 2006
    Miloon Kothari, the UN special rapporteur on adequate housing, says most of those displaced by President Robert Mugabe's May 2005 eviction campaign remained homeless, in resettlement camps or were living without food, safe water or sanitation. "It is as bad as it can get," he says in Geneva.
    References:

  • Thursday, June 1, 2006
    SA Safety and Security Minister says in parliament during a discussion on his budget vote: "They can continue to whinge until they're blue in the face... be as negative as they want to, or they can simply leave this country ..." He adds: "it is significant that complaints always come from people with surnames such as Jankielsohn, King and Groenewald. His insensitive remarks cause an outcry throughout SA, where the crime rate is exceptionally high.
  • Tuesday, June 1, 2004
    Start of National Environment Week. (GIED: Celebrating 10 years of Freedom, 2004).

  • Wednesday, June 1, 2005
    In a meeting at the White House President Thabo Mbeki urges President George W. Bush to deliver more African aid support. The two presidents voice concern about the situation in Zimbabwe.
    References:

  • Saturday, June 1, 2002
    Hansie Cronje (32), former SA cricket captain, is killed when a light plane in which he was travelling crashes into a mountain near George, Western Cape.
  • Friday, June 1, 2001
    The statue of former SA Prime Minister J.G. Strijdom (Hans) on Strijdom Square, Pretoria, collapses.
    References:
    • ---, (2005). 'Pretoria 1855-2005: Chronologie 1798-1935', Bylaag tot Rekord.

  • Thursday, June 1, 2000
    A UN tribunal for Rwanda's 1994 genocide sentences a Belgian-born radio journalist to twelve years in prison for broadcasts that encouraged the slaughter.
    References:

  • Monday, June 1, 1998
    Ex-president Kenneth Kaunda is released after a decision not to prosecute him after a planned coup in October 1997.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, June 1, 1998
    Ferdi Barnard, former member of the CCB (Civil Cooperation Bureau) is found guilty of the murder in Johannesburg on the activist Dr David Webster, nearly ten years previously.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, June 1, 1996
    Bafana Bafana, the SA soccer team, wins 1-0 against Malawi in an away game.
    References:
    • ----,  (2004). 'Footballer of the decade: Bafana Bafana record'. Kick Off. Special ed. 1994-2004, p. 10

  • Wednesday, June 1, 1994
    South Africa and Syria establish diplomatic relations at ambassadorial level.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, June 1, 1994
    South Africa rejoins the Commonwealth after an absence of thirty-three years. 
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.
    •  https://www.andibradley.com/

  • Monday, June 1, 1992
    Justice R.J. Goldstone, Chairman of the Commission of Inquiry Regarding the Prevention of Public Violence and Intimidation, expresses concern at the manner in which its second interim report had been "unfairly and selectively used" by the South African authorities.
    References:

  • Friday, June 1, 1990
    Lindiwe Maziya (wife), Zwelakhe and Elizabeth (all relatives of the chairperson of the Vosloorus Crisis Committee, Ali Maziya), are killed by unknown gunmen.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 252.

  • Friday, June 1, 1990
    Bella Motsupi, grandmother of Vosloorus activist Thuli Motsupi, is killed in Vosloorus.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 252.

  • Monday, June 1, 1987
    The US government orders its diplomats around the world to boycott South African Republic Day functions.
    References:

  • Wednesday, June 1, 1983
    An inquest into the death of Ernest Dipale, who had died in custody in Johannesburg Security Police headquarters in August 1982, finds no one criminally liable for his death.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Tuesday, June 1, 1982
    The inquest into Dr. Aggett's death is adjourned for the third time when police object to the use, as evidence, of a statement made by Neil Aggett fourteen hours before his death, in which he declares under oath that he has been assaulted and tortured. 
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Monday, June 1, 1981
    Three offices of the PFP are petrol-bombed in Johannesburg. The South African Liberation Support Cadre (SALSC) claims responsibility.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Monday, June 1, 1981
    Festivities to mark the twentieth anniversary of the South African Republic reach a climax with a massive military display in Durban, attended by P.W. Botha, the Prime Minister.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Sunday, June 1, 1980
    Umkhonto weSizwe strikes at the Sasol Complex, causing damage estimated at R66 million.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, June 1, 1979
    Rhodesia formally ends nearly ninety years of White minority rule and declares it will now be known as Zimbabwe-Rhodesia.
  • Friday, June 1, 1979
    KwaZulu: Criminal Procedure Act No 14 commences.
    References:

  • Sunday, June 1, 1975
    Rhodesian police shoot and kill eleven Blacks from amongst those rioting in Salisbury.
  • Thursday, June 1, 1972
    The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Seals, to which SA is a party, is signed in London.
    References:
    • Burger, D. (ed)(2002). South Africa Yearbook 2001/02, Pretoria: GCIS, p. 222

  • Thursday, June 1, 1972
    The planned reopening of the University of the North (Turfloop) fails. Every major Black campus endorses strike action.
  • Thursday, June 1, 1972
    The Bophuthatswana Legislative Assembly is proclaimed with Lucas Mangope as chief minister.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v.  12, p. 38; Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Tuesday, June 1, 1971
    A Legislative Assembly is instituted in the Venda homeland, with partial self-government granted on 1 Feb. 1973.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 12, p. 40

  • Saturday, June 1, 1968
    The government announces in a White Paper plans to re-organise the administration of South-West Africa, which will give Pretoria considerably more authority over the affairs of the Territory.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, June 1, 1960
    The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) establishes Radio Bantu, consisting of Radio Zulu, Radio Xhosa and Radio Sesotho.
    References:
    • Burger, D. (ed)(2002). South Africa Yearbook 2001/02, Pretoria: GCIS, p. 122
    •  https://pumamouse.com/

  • Monday, June 1, 1959
    The constitution of Tunisia, independent since 20 March 1956, is promulgated. Now a National Day.
  • Sunday, June 1, 1958
    Caswell Sipho Makama, advisor to the minister of public works and chair of Onderstepoort Biological products as well as director of several companies, is born in Soweto,
    References:
    • Hayes, S. (ed)(2000).  Who's Who of Southern Africa 2001..., Graighall: Jonathan Ball

  • Friday, June 1, 1956
    Bantu (Black) Administration Amendment Act No 42 commences.
    References:

  • Wednesday, June 1, 1955
    Habib Bourguiba, Tunisian nationalist, returns from exile on Iles de Groix (off the Bretagne coast, France).
  • Tuesday, June 1, 1948
    Engenas Barnabas Lekganyane (also called Enginasi or Ignatius), ambitious and charismatic leader of the Zion Christian Church, is laid to rest in Moria, Pietersburg district. This date has since been sanctified by the ZCC.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Wednesday, June 1, 1949
    Mzolisi Goodman Diliza, businessman and Chief Executive of the Chamber of Mines of SA, is born. He was the first Black to be appointed Administration Control Officer (Hospital Administrator) in 1974.
    References:
    • Hayes, S. (ed)(2000).  Who's Who of Southern Africa 2001 ..., Graighall: Jonathan Ball.

  • Friday, June 1, 1945
    Natives (Urban Areas) Consolidation Act No 25 commences.
    References:

  • Tuesday, June 1, 1943
    WWII: According to an entry in the squadron's diary, 28 Squadron of the SA Air Force is formed as a transport squadron at the SAAF Base Depot Almaza, Cairo.
    References:
    • Steenkamp, G. (2004). Historical Overview: 28 Squadron, Air Force Base Waterkloof. Unpublished.

  • Saturday, June 1, 1940
    Jan F.E. Cilliers (70), SA poet of "Die Vlakte" and other poems, dies in Harrismith, OFS.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, June 1, 1939
    The South African Police takes over the tasks of the German South-West African police. 423 members of the disbanded police force are incorporated into the force.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://www.news24.co.za

  • Tuesday, June 1, 1926
    Cecil Edwin Frans Skotnes, S.A artist, is born in East London, Eastern Cape.
    References:
    • Rankin: Images of Wood, p. 167

  • Tuesday, June 1, 1937
    Ezrom Kgobokanyo Sebata Legae, SA artist, is born in Vrededorp, Johannesburg.  He studied at the Polly Street and Jubilee Art Centres under Cecil Skotnes and Sydney Kumalo.  When Kumalo retired in 1964 Legae became the art instructor at Jubilee Art Centre.  In 1970 he was awarded a travel scholarship sponsored by USSALEP and visited the USA.  From 1972 to 1974 he was director of the art programme at AMDA (African Music and Drama Association).  In 1980 and 1981 he was instructor at FUBA.  Between 1966 and 1987 he exhibited numerously in SA and abroad.
    References:
    • Sack, S. (1988). The Neglected Tradition, Johannesburg: Johannesburg Art Gallery, p. 108

  • Monday, June 1, 1903
    E.J. Grobbelaar Versekering, first Afrikaans burial society, is founded.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, June 1, 1891
    The so-called Adendorff trek to Banjailand (Southern Rhodesia) would have started on this day, but Pres. Paul Kruger imposed a ban on it because he wished for Britain's support for the taking over of Swaziland.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, June 1, 1887
    Second sale of land in Johannesburg takes place, on the site of the now-abandoned mining claims in the central city area. See: JHB One City Timeline, NB: SOURCES NEEDED

  • Tuesday, June 1, 1880
    Empress Eugenie keeps an all-night vigil at the spot in Zululand where her son, the Prince Imperial of France, was killed on this day the previous year.
    References:

  • Sunday, June 1, 1879
    Eugene Louis Jean Joseph Napoleon, the 22 year old Prince Imperial of France, is killed in the Anglo-Zulu War when he and a British reconnaissance party are attacked by about forty Zulus in the vicinity of Itelezi Mountain and Ityotyozi River in Zululand. The prince's horse, "Fate", bolts and the prince, in attempting to mount his fleeing horse, is stabbed to death.
  • Tuesday, June 1, 1824
    The name of Lord Charles Somerset, governor of the Cape, is linked to Dr James Barry (who performed the first caesarean in the colony and was allegedly a woman) in a scurrilous placard in the Heerengracht, Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 2 p. 186

  • Sunday, June 1, 1777
    Captain Robert Gordon, who named the Orange River after the Prince of Orange in 1779, arrives in South Africa.
    References:

  • Tuesday, June 1, 1773
    The Jonge Thomas, a Dutch East India ship, is wrecked in a gale near Salt River mouth in Table Bay. Wolraad Woltemade, passing by on horseback, makes seven trips to the wreck and saves fourteen people. On his eighth trip, he and his horse are drowned when others, frantic in their efforts to be saved, grab hold of the animal and pull both horse and rider under the waves.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://www.news24.com

  • Friday, June 1, 2012
    National Day of Tunis.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, June 1, 2012
    International Children's Day.
    References: