This Day in History

 2 January →
Thursday, January 2, 1913
222

Mahatma Gandhi , a champion of passive resistance and non-violent campaigns left the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal (now known as the Gauteng Province). After being with numerous people, he left behind only his friend Hermann Kallenbach and a few Africans who lived there. The farm, initially known as Roodepoort No.

This article was produced by South African History Online on 20-Dec-2012

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Saturday, January 2, 1988
    Right-wing guerrillas ambush a train near Mozambique's western border, killing at least twenty-two people and injuring seventy-one.
    References:
    • The Star, 2 Jan. 2003? Milestones

  • Saturday, January 2, 1988
    Major General Bantu Holomisa, who became head of a military state in Transkei after a coup in December 1987, lifts martial law and reinstates part of the constitution.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 130

  • Wednesday, January 2, 1985
    Moses Josiah Madiba, author, educationist and first African chancellor of the University of the North, dies in Seshego, Pietersburg district.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Sunday, January 2, 1983
    Several ANC members detained in Swaziland decide to leave the country voluntarily for Mozambique. A further group of seventeen ANC members leave Mawelawela refugee camp, near Mbabane, fearing a South African attack.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Monday, January 2, 1984
    Major-General Muhammadu Buhari is declared Head of State in Nigeria, following a military coup.
    References:
    • Bute, E.L. & Harmer, H.J.P. (1997). The Black Handbook, London: Cassell.

  • Saturday, January 2, 1971
    Richard Maxwell (Dick) Haldane, trade union leader, dies in Cape Town. He was honoured with the Award of Merit from TUCSA in 1964.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC Publishers, p. 91.

  • Monday, January 2, 1967
    Francois Pienaar, former Springbok captain, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, January 2, 1968
    Second heart transplant in South Africa is performed by Dr Chris Barnard on Dr Philip Blaiberg. He lived one year and seven months with the new heart.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, January 2, 1940
    Archibald Campbell Mzoliza Jordan, Xhosa writer, linguist and academic and outspoken critic of the National Party government's Bantu Education policy, marries Priscilla Phyllis Ntantla. Pallo Jordan is their son.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC, p. 109.

  • Tuesday, January 2, 1906
    South Africa plays for the first time on the Wanderers in a cricket test against the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and wins with 1 wicket.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, January 2, 1932
    The SA. rugby team beats England on Twickenham 7-0.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, January 2, 1896
    Sir Leander Starr Jameson and about 500 Rhodesian police surrender at Doornkop, near Krugersdorp, after the failure of the Jameson Raid. (Burne, J: Chronicle of the World;
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Pakenham, T. (1991). The Scramble for Africa, Johannesburg: Jonathan Ball

  • Monday, January 2, 1905
    Johannes Jacob van Tonder, founder of the FAK (Federasie van Afrikaanse Kultuurvereniginge) is born in Venterstad in the Karoo.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, January 2, 1892
    Frederick William Barber (78), frontier pioneer and scientist, dies in Grahamstown.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, January 2, 1845
    Phatho, chief of the mixed XhosaHottentot (Khoi-Khoi) people the Gqunukwebe and his brother Kobe, sign a new treaty with Col. John Hare at Peddie. In exchange for their promise to live peacefully and control the theft of cattle from frontier farmers they were promised £100 annually between them.
    References:
    • Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1972). Dictionary of South African Biography, Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council, v. 3, p. 685

  • Tuesday, January 2, 1883
    Battle of Boschberg during the Mapoch War takes place.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, January 2, 1837
    Voortrekker leaders Andries Hendrik Potgieter and Gerrit (Gert) Maritz, each with his own men, leave for Western Transvaal to punish Mzilikazi for the Ndebele attack on the Voortrekkers at Vechtkop (Vegkop).
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 7, p. 234

  • Saturday, January 2, 1666
    The four corner stones of the castle (Kasteel de Goede Hoop) at the Cape are laid by Zacharias Wagenaer, Johan van Arckel, Gabbema and Lacus.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau