This Day in History

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Friday, December 7, 1973
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Robert Resha was an activist, journalist and a member of the African National Congress (ANC). As an activist, he strived for a non-racial, non-sexist, just and democratic South Africa. In the 1940s he was jailed for participating in the Defiance Campaign as a member of the ANC Youth League.

Resha was one of the Treason trialists, but was acquitted in 1961, after which he left the country for Algiers. He became an ANC representative in Algiers. Resha was instrumental in enlightening the international community about the struggle of black South Africans. He died in London in 1973.

This article was produced for South African History Online on 28-Nov-2012

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Wednesday, December 7, 2005
    Giriyondo border post opens. Tourists can now travel through the Kruger National Park to Mozambique. The border post is part of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park (GLTP), which straddles the borders of South Africa, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
    References:

  • Tuesday, December 7, 2004
    Egypt brokers an understanding to halt Israeli-Palestinian violence and move toward a peace accord, announced just hours after Hamas militants set off a bomb in Gaza that killed an Israeli soldier, triggering Israeli retaliation that left four Palestinian militants dead.
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  • Tuesday, December 7, 2004
    The US's deputy State Department spokesperson Adam Ereli praises the efforts of South African President Thabo Mbeki who, on the behalf of the African Union, has vied to restart the peace process in Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire).  Mbeki has led a second peace mission to the troubled West African state to propose steps to resolve the country's conflict.
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  • Sunday, December 7, 2003
    The Commonwealth extends Zimbabwe's suspension, imposed in 2002. Mugabe announces the country's withdrawal from the organisation.
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  • Friday, December 7, 2001
    A consortium of philanthropic foundations announces an initiative to provide treatment for an estimated 2.5 million pregnant women infected with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.
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  • Sunday, December 7, 1997
    The Bafana Bafana, SA soccer team, loses 1-2 against Brazil in a home game. (---(2004). 'Footballer of the decade: Bafana Bafana record'. Kick Off. Special ed. 1994-2004, p. 10.

  • Tuesday, December 7, 1993
    President Houphouet-Boigny (88), of Ivory Coast (1960-93), dies.
  • Tuesday, December 7, 1993
    Application in Transkei of Certain South African Laws Relating to Transitional Democracy, Decree No 13, giving recognition to the democratic processes in South Africa, commences.
  • Tuesday, December 7, 1993
    The Transitional Executive Council has its first meeting in Cape Town and adopts a resolution of the Multi-party Negotiating Council requesting that the United Nations, the Commonwealth, the European Community, the Organisation of African Unity and individual governments provide a sufficient number of international observers to monitor the electoral process.
  • Friday, December 7, 1990
    Clarence Makwetu is elected as new leader of the Pan-Africanist Congress.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, December 7, 1991
    The SA Communist Party, in alliance with the African National Congress and the Congress of Trade Unions will use mass action in support of its demands for an interim government within the next six months and a constituent assembly within two years.
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  • Friday, December 7, 1990
    Up to 1 000 delegates from SA and overseas meet for the Pan-Africanist Congress's first national conference inside the country in three decades.
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  • Monday, December 7, 1987
    The US state department says it hopes South Africa's withdrawal from Angola will be followed by the withdrawal of all foreign forces from the country.
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  • Wednesday, December 7, 1988
    The government moves ANC leader Nelson Mandela from the private clinic in Cape Town, where he has been recovering from tuberculosis, to a house on the grounds of the Victor Verster Prison, near Paarl, Western Cape.
  • Saturday, December 7, 1985
    A parcel bomb injures an ANC member in Lusaka, Zambia.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee.

  • Friday, December 7, 1984
    Bishop Desmond Tutu leaves for the USA to meet with President Ronald Reagan.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, December 7, 1983
    An explosion at the offices of the Department of Co-operation and Development in Marshalltown, Johannesburg, causes damage to the premises. During the amnesty hearings it was revealed that Mohammed Iqbal Shaik had placed the limpet mine.
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  • Thursday, December 7, 1978
    The Erasmus Commission's report, stating that large-scale irregularities have taken place within the Department of Information, is tabled in the House of Assembly. It implicates Dr Rhoodie, Dr Mulder and General Hendrik van den Bergh, but exonerates Prime Minister Vorster. In a later report released on 4 June 1979, the Erasmus Commission reversed the finding on Vorster and this resulted in Vorster's resignation as state president on that date.
    References:
    • Muller, C.F.J. (ed)(1981). Five Hundred years: a history of South Africa; 3rd rev. ed., Pretoria: Academica, p. 549.

  • Thursday, December 7, 1978
    State President Vorster opens the first emergency session of Parliament to be held in peacetime and promises action against anyone found guilty of the mal-administration and misappropriation of public funds. His Ministry does not accept collective responsibility for the scandal and will not resign.
  • Saturday, December 7, 1974
    International Monetary Fund announces the termination of South Africa's request of the 1969 arrangements for the sale of South African gold.
  • Friday, December 7, 1973
    Further banning orders are gazetted, including that of the former leader of the South African Indian Congress, Yusuf Cachalia who has already spent twenty years under restriction.
  • Tuesday, December 7, 1971
    Libya announces the nationalisation of British Petroleum's assets.
  • Saturday, December 7, 1963
    Ian Meckiff is no balled for throwing against the South Africans.
  • Monday, December 7, 1953
    Grace Naledi Mandisa Pandor, SA minister of education since 2004, is born in Durban. http://www.sahistory.org.za/
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  http://www.gcis.gov.za/

  • Saturday, December 7, 1940
    The British attack larger Italian forces in Libya by surprise, capturing 40 000 prisoners in three days.
    References:

  • Monday, December 7, 1931
    Don Bradman scores 219 for New South Wales vs South Africa, in 234 minutes. It includes 15 fours.
  • Sunday, December 7, 1930
    Sir Otto John Beit (65), financier, philanthropist and younger brother of Alfred Beit, dies on his birthday in London.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 2, p. 268.

  • Saturday, December 7, 1912
    Ludwig Borchardt discovers a painted bust of Nefertiti at el-Amarna, Egypt.
  • Sunday, December 7, 1924
    About 25 000 people in Johannesburg are unemployed and the government announces that it has no jobs available.
    References:

  • Tuesday, December 7, 1909
    A proclamation giving self-government to the Union of South Africa is read from the steps of the Royal Exchange in London.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, December 7, 1905
    T.O. Honiball, cartoonist of Die Burger, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, December 7, 1901
    England and Italy agree on settling Sudan frontier.
    References:

  • Friday, December 7, 1900
    English social worker and reformer Emily Hobhouse sets sail for South Africa, where she will investigate conditions in concentration camps established by Britain.
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  • Saturday, December 7, 1895
    Sir Milton Margay, the first prime minister of Sierra Leone, is born.
  • Saturday, December 7, 1895
    At the Battle at Amba Alagi, Abissynia, the Ethiopians beat Italian armies.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  http://www.andibradley.com/
    •  http://www.news24.com

  • Monday, December 7, 1891
    In German South West Africa Captain Kurt von François moves his administrative headquarters to Windhoek, seven months after erecting a fort there.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, December 7, 1889
    Cornelis Christiaan Nepgen, missionary of the DRC in the Transkei, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, December 7, 1865
    Sir Otto John Beit, financier, philanthropist and younger brother of Alfred Beit, is born in Hamburg, Germany.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 2, p. 268.

  • Saturday, December 7, 1833
    James Archbell, missionary and printer, negotiates together with John Edwards and T. Jenkins on the purchase of land at Thaba 'Nchu.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, December 7, 1839
    Sir Redvers Henry Buller, British general during Anglo-Boer War 2, is born in Devon, England.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau