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Friday, November 9, 1934
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Ronald Harwood was born Ronald Horwitz in Cape Town on 9 November 1934. He left Cape Town for London to pursue a career on stage. In London, he received stage training at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. He changed his name to Harwood under the advice of an English master, who felt that the name sounded too foreign and Jewish; which did not sound good for a stage actor.

This article was produced by South African History Online on 31-Oct-2012

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Wednesday, November 9, 2005
    Two trains are set alight at Midway station on the border of Lenasia and Soweto, destroying sixteen coaches. There are reports that more trains have been torched at Nancefield station.  At least 28 coaches have been set on fire.
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  • Thursday, November 9, 2006
    In what the committee's chairperson, Patrick Chauke, describes as yet another "historic moment in the country's democracy", the national assembly's home affairs committee adopts the controversial civil unions amid objections from opposition parties and disillusionment from gay and lesbian lobby groups. The bill will be tabled at the national assembly on 14 November 2006.
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  • Tuesday, November 9, 2004
    In Abuja, Nigeria, Sudan and Darfur rebels sign accords on Tuesday to end hostilities and guarantee aid groups' access to 1.6 million civilians uprooted by conflict in the troubled western Sudan region of Darfur.
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  • Tuesday, November 9, 2004
    In Abidjan, Ivory Coast, French forces open fire as thousands of angry government supporters press around the barb wire-ringed evacuation centre in a day and night of angry protests.   Seven are killed and 200 wounded.
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  • Tuesday, November 9, 2004
    President Mbeki, accompanied by Defence Minister Mosiuoa Lekota and deputy foreign affairs Minister Aziz Pahad arrive in Abidjan to help find a solution to the political unrest in the country. He is received in Abidjan by the secretary general of the Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas), Mohammed Ibn Chambas, as well as local ministers.
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  • Tuesday, November 9, 2004
    United Nations investigators arrive in Sudan to determine whether genocide took place in Darfur.
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  • Sunday, November 9, 2003
    Nigerian officials warn the United States not to try to capture ousted Liberian leader Charles Taylor, thought to be the target of $2 million bounty posted by the United States.
    References:

  • Tuesday, November 9, 1999
    Dricky Beukes (80), Afrikaans novelist, dies in Bellville, Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, November 9, 2002
    Faced with criticism, Nigeria's foreign minister promises that the government would block Islamic courts from carrying out stoning of women sentenced to death for sex outside marriage.
    References:

  • Saturday, November 9, 1996
    The SA rugby team wins the first test against Argentine 46-15 in Buenos Aires.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, November 9, 1996
    Bafana Bafana, the SA soccer team, wins 1-0 against Zaire in a home game.
    References:
    • (2004). Footballer of the decade: Bafana Bafana record. Kick Off. Special ed. 1994-2004, p. 10.

  • Tuesday, November 9, 1993
    Brigadier Joshua Oupa Qqozo, military leader of Ciskei homeland, goes on trial in the Ciskei Supreme Court. He faces charges of murder or incitement to murder, relating to the killing of Lieutenant Charles Sebe during a coup attempt in January 1991.
    References:
    • Keesing's Record of World Events, News Digest for October 1993, P 39723.

  • Monday, November 9, 1992
    SA and Slovenia exchange notes regarding the establishment of diplomatic relations.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Monday, November 9, 1992
    South Africa exchanges notes with Croatia regarding the establishing of diplomatic relations.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Friday, November 9, 1990
    Fifteen Blacks are stabbed to death and four wounded in factional fight in South African eastern province of Natal.
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  • Friday, November 9, 1990
    ANC deputy president Nelson Mandela returns to SA after a four-week tour urging leaders in the Far East to maintain sanctions until more progress is made in the dismantling of apartheid. (2004). Yesterdays, Pretoria News, 8 November.

  • Thursday, November 9, 1989
    The restriction order on African National Congress leader Govan Mbeki is lifted.
    References:

  • Wednesday, November 9, 1988
    Mpho Mathibela, one of the two Siamese twins separated in an operation six months ago, leaves hospital for the first time. She leaves her weaker sister, Mphonyana, behind.
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  • Wednesday, November 9, 1988
    The Bafoken society brings an application in the Supreme Court of Bophuthatswana, Mmabatho, for an order exterminating an agreement ceding some of their ancestral land and exclusive mineral rights to Impala Platinum for mining operations.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 113

  • Monday, November 9, 1987
    In a letter to the United Nations Centre Against Apartheid, singer Frank Sinatra promises not to visit South Africa until apartheid is abolished.
    References:

  • Wednesday, November 9, 1977
    The Prime Minister of Swaziland says that his government will not allow the country to be used as a base for guerrilla attacks against South Africa. He denies that there are training camps within Swaziland.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Friday, November 9, 1979
    A meeting between the Prime Minister, P.W. Botha and Coloured leaders for preliminary discussion on the constitutional future of the Coloured people ends in deadlock. The Labour Party leaders refuse to give evidence before the all-White Schlebusch Constitutional Commission.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Tuesday, November 9, 1976
    The UN General Assembly approves ten resolutions condemning South African apartheid.
    References:

  • Wednesday, November 9, 1977
    It is announced that Transkei and South Africa have signed an extradition agreement. Transkei authorities refuse to say whether it covers political offences. Transkei Interior Minister, Stella Sigcau, daughter of the country's President Botha Sigcau, resigns. No reason is given.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Friday, November 9, 1973
    At its Biennial Congress in Bloemfontein the United Party adopts a new six-point declaration of principles, and ratifies a new federal plan committed to a federal constitution.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, November 9, 1968
    The SA rugby team beats France 12-9 in Bordeaux.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, November 9, 1972
    The UK government obtains parliamentary approval for the continuation of British sanctions against Rhodesia for another year. (2004). Yesterdays, Pretoria News, 9 November.

  • Tuesday, November 9, 1965
    Establishment by the Secretary-General of the United Nations Programme for the Education and Training Abroad of South Africans.
  • Thursday, November 9, 1961
    Despite the threat of bombs in Accra, Queen Elizabeth arrives from Britain to begin her state visit to Ghana.
  • Saturday, November 9, 1957
    Maria Wilman, geologist and botanist of international repute, dies in George, CP.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Sunday, November 9, 1952
    Police and British troops arrest more than 400 Kikuyu tribesmen and women in an effort to apprehend Mau Mau cult members in Kenya. The Mau Maus reportedly murdered thirty-seven persons in the last five months.
    References:

  • Sunday, November 9, 1952
    Police fire on African demonstrators in Kimberley, killing fourteen and wounding thirty-nine. White farmers from adjoining area drive to Kimberley and demand guns.
  • Friday, November 9, 1934
    Ronald Harwood, author and television presenter is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, November 9, 1901
    Gerrit Bon, organist and music lecturer in SA and Rhodesia, is born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Swart, M.J., et al. (eds)(1980). Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak Aucklandpark: Federasie van Afrikaanse Kultuurvereniginge.

  • Saturday, November 9, 1907
    The Cullinan Diamond is presented to King Edward VII on his birthday.
    References:

  • Wednesday, November 9, 1927
    Prof. Carel W.H. Boshoff, former chairman of the South African Bureau of Race Relations and the Afrikanerbroederbond, is born in Nylstroom, Tvl.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, November 9, 1899
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Lord Methuen arrives in Cape Town aboard the Moor.
    References:
    • Cloete, P.G. (2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa.

  • Friday, November 9, 1900
    W.H. Coetzer, SA painter, is born in Tarkastad, CP.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, November 9, 1882
    Franco-British dual control of Egypt is established.
    References:

  • Saturday, November 9, 1811
    Jacob Ludwig Döhne, missionary and translator of the Zulu Bible, is born in Zierenberg, Germany.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, November 9, 1853
    Carl Louis Richard MÁ¼ller, founder of the SA music shops R. MÁ¼ller, is born in LÁ¼bben, Spreewald, near Berlin, Germany.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  wart, M.J., et al. (eds)(1980). Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak Aucklandpark: Federasie van Afrikaanse Kultuurvereniginge.

  • Saturday, November 9, 1799
    Napoleon Bonaparte, newly returned from his disastrous expedition to Egypt, seizes power in France, making himself one of three consuls.
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