This Day in History

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Tuesday, November 10, 1959
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The state of emergency in Kenya which had lasted from 1952-1959, probably the longest in the history of Kenya, came to an end. The state of emergency was declared by the governor of Kenya, Sir EvelynBaring, due to the Mau Mau rebellion against British colonial rule and incarceration of thousands of Kenyans. This rebellion took place almost exclusively in the highlands of central Kenya among the Kikuyu tribe. Tens of thousands of Kikuyu died in the fighting and in  detention camps and restricted villages. 

This article was produced for South African History Online on 07-Nov-2013

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Thursday, November 10, 2005
    The Star reports that construction workers have discovered a mass grave containing human bones and ammunition 400m from the former South African military base, Eenhana, 100km from Oshakati, Namibia. The bones are believed to be the remains of South West African People's Organisation (Swapo) liberation fighters killed under South African occupation of Namibia until 1990. Constand Viljoen, who was chief of the army from 1977 to 1985, reacted that it was impossible for well-disciplined South African troops to have buried guerrillas in mass graves, as dealing with any bodies had been a function of the South West African police.
    References:

  • Thursday, November 10, 2005
    The Southern African Large Telescope (SALT), largest single optical telescope in the southern hemisphere, is inaugurated by President Mbeki at Sutherland, Karoo. It will be able to record distant stars, galaxies and quasars a billion times too faint to be seen with the unaided eye as faint as a candle flame at the distance of the moon. SALT was funded by a consortium of international partners from South Africa, the United States, Germany, Poland, the United Kingdom and New Zealand.
    References:

  • Wednesday, November 10, 2004
    Start of National Quality Week, (10-14 Nov.)
    References:

  • Wednesday, November 10, 2004
    World Science Day.
    References:

  • Thursday, November 10, 1994
    The Justice Select Committee approved the Human Rights Commission Bill.
  • Friday, November 10, 2000
    Chief George Matanzima (82), a former prime minister of Transkei, dies at the Frontier Hospital in Queenstown.
  • Thursday, November 10, 1994
    SA signs air services agreement with the government of Ireland.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Friday, November 10, 1989
    Three White members of the African National Congress (ANC), Damian de Lange, Ian Robertson and Susan Donelly, are sentenced to long prison terms after being convicted on thirty-two charges of terrorism.
    References:
    • Keesing's Record of World Events, News Digest for October 1993, P 37033.

  • Wednesday, November 10, 1993
    SA signs agreement with Poland on the avoidance of double taxation with respect to taxes on income.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Thursday, November 10, 1988
    Following a press conference of General Staff Lieutenant-Colonel Antonio dos Santos Franca Ndalu, Chief of Forças Armadas Populares de Libertação de Angola (FAPLA), during which he declared that his forces had killed over 230 South African troops in the course of the offensive and had destroyed large numbers of vehicles, the South African Defence Force (SADF) responded by claiming that not all the soldiers that were killed were theirs. SADF admitted to the loss of only twelve soldiers, meaning the rest that were claimed by Dos Santos belonged to South West African People's Organisation (SWAPO). (Keesing's Record of World Events, News Digest for October 1993, p. 3607.

  • Tuesday, November 10, 1987
    Niger's President Seyni Kountche dies in Paris, and is replaced as head of state by army chief Ali Seibou.
    References:

  • Sunday, November 10, 1985
    James Sebe Moroka, medical doctor, politician, landowner and great-grandson of Chief Moroka of Thaba Nchu who assisted the Voortrekkers in the 1830's, dies in Thaba Nchu in the then Bophuthatswana, OFS.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Thursday, November 10, 1977
    The Minister of Finance, Senator Owen Horwood, announces the government is to spend an additional R250 m. on low-cost housing for Blacks, Coloureds and Asians during the next three years. Changes in property rights will give security of tenure to Blacks living in urban areas.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Tuesday, November 10, 1981
    Tshifiwa Muofhe is detained by Venda security police. He dies two days later in detention.
    References:
    • Horrell, M. (ed)(1982). Survey of Race Relations in South Africa 1981, Johannesburg: South African Bureau of Race Relations, p. 84

  • Tuesday, November 10, 1964
    One party state is declared in Kenya.
  • Tuesday, November 10, 1959
    State of emergency in Kenya ends.
  • Tuesday, November 10, 1959
    The United Nations condemns racism and apartheid.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, November 10, 1959
    Marthinus van Schalkwyk, former leader of the New National Party and now ANC member and Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism of the Republic of South Africa since 29 April 2004, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, November 10, 1952
    One-day general strike takes place in Port Elizabeth to protest police attacks in Kimberley and East London which resulted in twenty-two dead and 108 injured,
    References:
    • Joyce: The Rise and Fall of Apartheid
    •  http://www.sahistory.org.za/

  • Monday, November 10, 1952
    ANC leaders in Johannesburg urge all Africans to keep calm.
  • Saturday, November 10, 1951
    Allister Mackintosh, pilot and 'father' of SA aviation dies in Port Elizabeth.  He earned a D.S.O. in the Battle of the Somme in April 1916.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 7, p. 414

  • Tuesday, November 10, 1942
    World War 2: North Africa Vichy military chief in Algeria, Admiral Darlan, orders an end to the resistance against the Allies.
  • Monday, November 10, 1947
    Lillian Gugu Baqwa, first African woman admitted as attorney in 1977 and member of several boards, is born in Pinetown, Natal.
    References:
    • Hayes, S. (ed)(2000).  Who's Who of Southern Africa 2001 ..., Graighall: Jonathan Ball.

  • Monday, November 10, 1919
    The Cape Synod of the Dutch Reformed Church decides that Afrikaans may be used alongside with Dutch in the church.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, November 10, 1938
    Jannie Engelbrecht, SA rugby player, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, November 10, 1939
    The SA Corps of Military Police (S.A.C.M.P.) is formed as an independent unit under Lt.-Col. R.D. Pilkington-Jordan.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 7, p. 412

  • Saturday, November 10, 1888
    Prof. Jacobus Johannes le Roux, linguist and Afrikaans cultural leader, is born in Franschhoek, CP.
    References:
    • Swart: Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak

  • Thursday, November 10, 1887
    Dr Samuel Henri Pellissier, teacher and cultural leader, is born in Bethulie, OFS.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Swart, M.J., et al. (eds)(1980). Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak Aucklandpark: Federasie van Afrikaanse Kultuurvereniginge.

  • Friday, November 10, 1871
    Richard Philip (Dick) King, pioneer settler of Natal who travelled nearly 1 000 km in ten days on horseback to deliver despatches in Grahamstown, dies in Isipingo, two weeks before his 60th birthday.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 6, p. 396.

  • Thursday, November 10, 1729
    Portugal loses Mombassa to the Muscat Arabs.
    References: