This Day in History

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Monday, October 11, 1954
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President of the former Afrikaner Republic of the Transvaal, Paul Kruger’s bronze statue was sculpted by artist Anton Van Wouw in 1896. Wouw was commissioned by wealthy industrialist, Sammy Marks. The statue was finally installed at Church Square after it had been previously installed at Prince’s Park and later moved to the Pretoria Station. It was unveiled by then Prime Minister, Dr DF Malan on 11 October 1954.

This article was produced by South African History Online on 04-Oct-2012

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Wednesday, October 11, 2006
    Four men are arrested after a shoot-out between robbers and security guards in central Johannesburg on the previous day left a baby dead and seven other people wounded. Senior superintendent Mary Martins-Engelbrecht says six other men are still at large.
    References:

  • Tuesday, October 11, 2005
    Ten-year-old Liam Aspeling is snatched from a car by a gang of five in front of his home in Ennerdale, south of Johannesburg. The abduction may be connected to the fact that his father is expected to give evidence in a trial which recently began.
    References:

  • Tuesday, October 11, 2005
    The corruption case against former deputy president Jacob Zuma is postponed to November 12 in Durban magistrate's court.   After the hearing, Zuma addressed his supporters, many of whom had been there all night.
    References:

  • Thursday, October 11, 2001
    Statistics SA leads the Interdepartmental Task Team on Mortality to give effect to a Cabinet decision to prioritise work on the collection of mortality data.

  • Monday, October 11, 1999
    Free trade between SA and the European Union realises with the signing of the Trade, Development and Co-operation Agreement (TDCA) in Pretoria, provisionally implemented on 1 January 2000.
    References:
    • Burger, D. (ed) (2002). South Africa Yearbook 2001/02, Pretoria: GCIS, p. 147; Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Friday, October 11, 1996
    The long trial of former Defence Minister, General Magnus Malan, ends. Malan and other former military officials are cleared of all charges relating to the murder of thirteen people in KwaMakhuta in 1987.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, October 11, 1996
    The Constitutional Assembly approves final amendments to the new SA Constitution. The changes are approved by 369 votes to one, with eight abstentions.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, October 11, 1995
    SA signs financial protocol with the government of France; also signs agreement with the government of France concerning the reciprocal promotion and protection of investments.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Monday, October 11, 1993
    The Rev. Allan Hendrickse steps down after fourteen years as leader of the Labour Party.
    References:

  • Thursday, October 11, 1990
    The ANC accuses President F.W. de Klerk of a breach of confidentiality and unilaterally releases the details of its meeting with the government earlier in the week.
    References:

  • Wednesday, October 11, 1989
    Up to 85 000 people march against the Labour Relations Amendment Act in Uitenhage and demand an end to apartheid.
    References:

  • Wednesday, October 11, 1989
    President F.W. de Klerk meets the leaders of the South African Council of Churches (SACC) at the Union Buildings, Pretoria.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 288

  • Tuesday, October 11, 1988
    Former United States army analyst Thomas Dolce pleads guilty before a US court to supplying a wide range of defence secrets to South Africa between 1979 and 1983.
    References:

  • Tuesday, October 11, 1988
    The office of the Windhoek newspaper Namibian is devastated by fire.   The 'Wit Wolwe' (White Wolves), an ultra-right organisation, claims responsibility.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Sunday, October 11, 1987
    The UN holds an International Day of Solidarity with South African political prisoners.
    References:

  • Saturday, October 11, 1986
    Mother Teresa escapes unhurt from a plane crash in Tanzania, which kills six.
  • Sunday, October 11, 1981
    In a provisional White Paper on the De Lange education report, the government reaffirms its commitment to the policy of separate education departments.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Thursday, October 11, 1984
    Anti-apartheid leader Allan Boesak says that the United Democratic Front (UDF) will campaign against South African Army conscription. Boesak returns from a tour on which he met European and US Government officials.

  • Wednesday, October 11, 1978
    At a special meeting of the General Assembly, the United Nations gave awards to the following seven persons in recognition of their contribution, in cooperation with the United Nations, to the international campaign against apartheid: The Reverend Canon L. John Collins Michael Manley The late Murtala Mohamed The late Gamal Abdel Nasser The late Jawaharlal Nehru Olof Palme The late Paul Robeson.

  • Monday, October 11, 1971
    SA signs visa agreement with Iran.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, October 11, 1963
    The General Assembly adopts resolution 1881(XVIII) requesting the Government of South Africa to abandon the "Rivonia trial" of Nelson Mandela and other leaders, and forthwith to grant unconditional release to all political prisoners and to all persons imprisoned, interned or subjected to other restrictions for having opposed the policy of apartheid. The vote was 106 to 1, with only South Africa voting against. (This date was subsequently proclaimed the Day of Solidarity with South African Political Prisoners.) 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.
    •  https://www.andibradley.com/

  • Wednesday, October 11, 1961
    Foreign Minister E. Louw defends South Africa's apartheid policy in the United Nations against African criticism. On the same day the Assembly adopts a Liberian censure motion on South Africa, with sixty-seven in favour, one against, twenty abstaining, nine not participating in the vote (including the Britain and the United States) and three absent.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Tuesday, October 11, 1960
    Second interim report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the Security Council resolution of 1 April.

  • Friday, October 11, 1957
    Deon Lotter, SA rugby Springbok, is born in Stellenbosch.
    References:

  • Friday, October 11, 1957
    Avashoni Mainganye, SA artist who writes poetry, and works as a photographer, painter, printmaker and sculptor, is born Tshivasa, Venda.
    References:
    • Sack: The Neglected Tradition, p. 110

  • Tuesday, October 11, 1955
    Anthony (Tony) Nkotsi, SA artist and currently (1988) head of the Printmaking Department at the Johannesburg Art Foundation, is born.
    References:
    • Sack: The Neglected Tradition, p. 121

  • Monday, October 11, 1954
    Dr D.F. Malan, retired prime minister of SA, announces his decision to withdraw from politics.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Monday, October 11, 1954
    Dr D.F. Malan unveils the statue of Paul Kruger on Church Square, Pretoria.
    References:
    • ---, (2005). 'Pretoria 1855-2005: Chronologie 1798-1935', Bylaag tot Rekord.

  • Friday, October 11, 1935
    League of Nations places arms embargo on Italy and lifts ban on Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
  • Saturday, October 11, 1930
    Sir Ebenezer John Buchanan (86), journalist, politician and judge, dies in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Thursday, October 11, 1928
    Zacharias Johannes (Zac) de Beer, former leader of the Democratic Party, is born in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Tuesday, October 11, 1910
    Dr Daniël Hartman (Danie) Craven, SA rugby boss for many years, is born in Lindley, OFS.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Monday, October 11, 1909
    G. H. (Harry) Atkins, SA sculptor, is born Wallasey, England.  He died in 1983 in Port Elizabeth.
    References:
    • Rankin: Images of Wood, p. 89

  • Friday, October 11, 1901
    Anglo-Boer War 2: The British execute J.W.G. Jansen and one Rautenbach in Vryburg by hanging, for horse theft.
    References:
    • Cloete, P.G. (2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa.

  • Wednesday, October 11, 1899
    Anglo-Boer War 2: The British Agent in Johannesburg, Sir William Conyngham Greene, leaves Pretoria.
    References:
    • Cloete, P.G. (2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa.

  • Wednesday, October 11, 1899
    Anglo-Boer War 2: The war between the British Empire and the two Boer republics, the Transvaal and Orange Free State, breaks out.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.
    •  https://www.news24.com
    •  https://www.andibradley.com/

  • Monday, October 11, 1886
    Standard Bank starts business in a tent in Ferreirasdorp, Witwatersrand.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Thursday, October 11, 1883
    Dr Louis Herman, SA educationist and writer, is born in Southampton, England.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Friday, October 11, 1867
    Frederick Logier (66), organist and music teacher who established the Logier music academy in Cape Town, dies. A composition by him was the first music to be published in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau; Kruger, D.W. (ed) (1972). Dictionary of South African Biography, Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council, v. 2.

  • Thursday, October 11, 1860
    Sir Harry Smith (73), former Governor of the Cape of Good Hope, dies in England.
    References:

  • Saturday, October 11, 1800
    Commandant A.T. Spies, founder of the Klip River and Utrecht Republics, is born in Swellendam, CC.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.