This Day in History

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Friday, August 13, 2010
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The Inaugural Women’s Legacy Dialogue took place on 13 August 2010 in the Sandton Sun Hotel, Johannesburg. The event was in context with Women’s month. The event consisted of women leaders from government, the corporate sector and civil society. Wendy Luhabe, social entrepreneur, chair, director of various companies and author, and Lynette Finlay, CEO of Finlay & Associates and founding director of Nurturing Orphans of Aids for Humanity (NOAH) were the dialogue convenors at the event. 

This article was produced for South African History Online on 11-Aug-2014

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Friday, August 13, 2004
    More than 150 Congolese Tutsis are massacred in Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi.
    References:
    • BBC, (2004). 'Key Dates', Focus on Africa, October to December, v. 15 no. 4, p. 8

  • Friday, August 13, 2004
    Athlete Mbulaeni Mulaudzi (800m) leads the SA team at the spectacular opening of the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens.
    References:
    • SABC. News Bulletin

  • Wednesday, August 13, 2003
    Libya and families of victims of the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland sign an agreement to pay as much as $2.7 billion in reparations. The agreement also called for Libya to acknowledge responsibility for the bombing.
    References:

  • Friday, August 13, 1999
    Actor Deon Coetzee, of Egoli, and his wife, Gwen Johnson, are divorced in Johannesburg after a marriage of 3 years.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, August 13, 1999
    The SA regional airline, Sun Air, discontinues its service and thousands of disappointed passengers have to acquire seats on other flights.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, August 13, 1998
    Rebels fighting Congolese President Laurent Kabila capture a power transformer in western Congo, sending the capital, Kinshasa, into darkness.
    References:

  • Thursday, August 13, 1998
    Sam de Beer, former leader of the National Party in Gauteng, resigns and joins the United Democratic Movement (UDM).
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, August 13, 1998
    Eve Boswell (76), SA singer of Sugar Bush, dies.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, August 13, 1997
    Heavy fighting rages in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, between forces of the president and those of a former military ruler.
    References:

  • Tuesday, August 13, 1996
    Hundreds of Burundians and a few foreigners pack the airport to catch the last commercial flights out of the country as the world tightens sanctions against the new military regime.
    References:

  • Tuesday, August 13, 1996
    At least one PAGAD member is reported arrested on charges of murder and sedition. On the same day PAGAD says it is seeking aid from external sources including the Lebanese Islamic guerrilla movement Hezbollah. PAGAD is urged to support existing channels of law enforcement.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Thursday, August 13, 1992
    Foreign Minister Roelof (Pik) Botha said that the South African Government (SAG) had accepted "in principle" the report of the Secretary-General. It had agreed, with qualifications, to investigations into the police and army.

  • Thursday, August 13, 1992
    The ANC suspends all formal talks with the government and issues a statement explaining why it has suspended talks with the South African government and that its fourteen demands have not been met.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood
    •  Meer, F. (ed)(1993). The Codesa file. Durban: Madiba Publishers, p. 104

  • Saturday, August 13, 1988
    Foreign Affairs Minister Pik Botha, in Vienna to discuss signing the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, says South Africa has the ability to manufacture nuclear weapons. He declines to say if South Africa actually has the weapon.
    References:

  • Thursday, August 13, 1987
    President PW Botha says the 1989 elections will be scrapped and strong measures will be taken against groups having talks with the African National Congress.
    References:

  • Tuesday, August 13, 1985
    SADF soldiers surround the Thaba-Juluba high school in Soweto and arrest 200 students during a clampdown on school boycotts.
    References:
    • Weekly Mail Reporter. 1985. Two-day school siege, Weekly Mail, August 16 1985, pp 16

  • Monday, August 13, 1979
    The leader of two independent 'homelands', Chief K. Matanzima and President Mangope of Bophuthatswana, support Mr. Botha's call for a constellation of states.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, August 13, 1977
    The Foreign Minister of France said at a press conference in Nairobi that no new contract for arms sales to South Africa could be signed in France.

  • Friday, August 13, 1976
    SA pledges support for US effort to bring about negotiated settlement in Rhodesia.
    References:
    • The Star, 13 August 2003, Milestones
    •  http://www.news24.com

  • Wednesday, August 13, 1975
    During a visit to Paraguay by the Prime Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs (13-18 Aug.), four agreements on South African aid to Paraguay are signed in Asuncion. Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Tuesday, August 13, 1968
    Count Carl Gustav von Rosen, a Swedish pilot, defies Nigerian air defences by flying supplies in to Biafran rebels.
  • Sunday, August 13, 1967
    Umkhonto and ZAPU guerrillas engaged Rhodesian forces in Wankie (now Hwange) Game Reserve, near border of Zambia and Botswana.

  • Saturday, August 13, 1966
    President Habib Ali Bourguiba bans the wearing of mini-skirts in Tunisia.
  • Friday, August 13, 1965
    Seetsele Modiri (Silas Moliri) Molema, medical doctor, politician and author, dies in Mafeking (Mafikeng).   He was the eldest son of Chief Silas Thelesho Molema of the Rolong, was elected treasurer-general of the ANC and was served with banning orders by the government in 1953.
    References:
    • Verwey: New Dictionary of South African Biography

  • Tuesday, August 13, 1963
    Edward Roworth, SA landscape painter, dies in Somerset West.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, August 13, 1960
    The third rugby test of the series between SA and New Zealand ends in a tie with 11 points each.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, August 13, 1960
    The Central African Republic (former Oubangi-Shari) gains independence from France with David Dacko, the cousin of the former Prime Minister Barthélémy Boganda who died mysteriously during the presidential election campaign, as president.
  • Saturday, August 13, 1949
    The SA rugby team beats New Zealand 12-6 in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, August 13, 1948
    Mosiuoa Gerard Patrick (Terror) Lekota, SA Minister of Defence since 1999, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  http://www.gcis.gov.za/

  • Thursday, August 13, 1942
    John Meyer, SA portrait painter, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, August 13, 1927
    Fidel Castro, president of Cuba since 1976 who authorised the intervention of Cuban troops in the Angolan Civil War, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, August 13, 1921
    The SA rugby team loses the first test 5-13 against New Zealand.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, August 13, 1915
    Christoffel Frederik Johannes Muller, theological professor at the theological seminary, Stellenbosch, dies in Stellenbosch.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v.  7, p. 638

  • Tuesday, August 13, 1901
    The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York (the future King George V and his wife) arrive in Durban for a quick royal visit to Natal.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Monday, August 13, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Battle of Elands River: One of Col. Hore's men, having sneaked through the besieger's lines, reaches the British lines near Mafeking and confirms that the Australians and Rhodesians are still holding out.  Lord Roberts orders Kitchener to divert three brigades from the hunt on De Wet to relieve Col. Hore.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Friday, August 13, 1886
    Jacob Hendrik (Henk) Pierneef, SA landscape painter, is born in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, August 13, 1882
    Pedi King Sekhukhune I, together with fourteen advisers, are assassinated at the behest of Mampuru, Sekhukhune's half-brother at Manogo in the Lulu Mountains.
    References:
    • Dictionary of SA Biography, v.2, p.646

  • Sunday, August 13, 1876
    Wilhelm A. Alheit, minister of the Dutch Reformed Church, is ordained.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, August 13, 1868
    Sydney Smith Bell, judge in the Cape Colony, is appointed as chief justice and president of the legislative assembly.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, August 13, 1865
    Willem Cornelis Janse van Rensburg (47), second president of the ZAR for seven months, dies.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, August 13, 1838
    About ten Zulu regiments attack the Voortrekkers at Veglaer, next to the Bushmans River, near the town that is now known as Estcourt, in Natal. The attack is repulsed after nearly three days of fighting (on 15 August), but the Zulus carry off nearly all the livestock.
    References:
    • Muller, C.F.J. (ed)(1981). Five Hundred years: a history of South Africa; 3rd rev. ed., Pretoria: Academica' p. 165
    •  Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1979). Geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika; verwerk en bygewerk deur D.W. Kruger; 3de bygewerkte uitg., Goodwood, Cape Town: NASOU, p. 214; Swart: Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak

  • Saturday, August 13, 1825
    The corner stone of the Royal Observatory is laid in Cape Town. 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  http://www.news24.com

  • Saturday, August 13, 1814
    Under the London Convention, Britain agrees on this day to pay five million sterling to the United Netherlands for the Dutch possession at the Cape, and the Cape colony is finally ceded to Britain.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  http://www.news24.com

  • Saturday, August 13, 1814
    Britain agrees to hand back all Dutch colonial possessions.
    References:
    • The Star, 13 August 2003, Milestones

  • Friday, August 13, 1784
    Britain's India Act places East India Company under government-appointed Board of Control.
    References:
    • Pretoria News, 13 August 2003, Today in history
    •  http://www.news24.com

  • Sunday, August 13, 1769
    Jan Christoffel Berrangé, Cape clergyman and first moderator of the Dutch Reformed Synod, is born in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, August 13, 1727
    In the German village of Herrnhut, religious reformer Count Nicolaus von Zinzendorf, aged 27, organises a group of Bohemian Protestant refugees into the first Moravian community of Unitas Fratrum (united brotherhood). Georg Schmidt, missionary under the Hottentot (Khoi-Khoi), was a member of this denomination.
    References: