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Wednesday, September 13, 1995

On 13 September 1995, Beverley Palesa Ditsie made a statement at the Beijing Women’s Conference about the importance of including lesbian rights in discussions about the empowerment and upliftment of women. She was the first openly lesbian woman to do so and it was the first time that the United Nations was addressed about considering the realities of LGBT people in the protection of human rights.

This article was produced for South African History Online on 10-Apr-2017

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Tuesday, September 13, 2005
    Agriculture Minister Thoko Didiza announces that South Africa has been declared free of notifiable avian influenza (bird flu) as of Saturday, 10 September. The disease was discovered in ostriches in the Eastern Cape and Western Cape in July 2004. Thousands of birds were killed to prevent the spreading of the disease.
    References:

  • Sunday, September 13, 1998
    Owen Horwood (81), former SA minister of finance, dies in Stellenbosch.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, September 13, 1998
    A German photographer, Christian Hohmann (36), dies in a KwaZulu nature reserve when an elephant cow gores him.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, September 13, 1998
    An agreement is signed by several role-players, including the Minister of Land Affairs, Derek Hanekom, to redevelop District Six in Cape Town as a residential area.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, September 13, 1997
    A German Tupolef plane and an American Starlifter collide off the Namibian coast, killing thirty-three people.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, September 13, 1997
    Mother Teresa, Nobel laureate known world wide for her charity work, receives the first state funeral accorded a private citizen of India since the death of Mohandas K. Gandhi in 1948.  Following the public funeral in Calcutta, India, Mother Teresa's body was finally buried in a private ceremony at Mother House, the headquarters of her charity. She visited SA in 1988.
  • Wednesday, September 13, 1995
    SA signs agreement with Israel concerning the establishment of a joint Commission of Cooperation.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Tuesday, September 13, 1994
    South Africa signs protocol on consultations between the Department of Foreign Affairs of South Africa and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Monday, September 13, 1993
    Prime Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Rabin, and Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, shake hands after concluding the Declaration of Principles for Peace between the Arabs and Israelis.
    References:

  • Monday, September 13, 1993
    SA signs agreement with Bahrain on the establishment of diplomatic relations.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Monday, September 13, 1993
    South Africa signs agreement with the Russian Federation on scientific and technological cooperation.

  • Friday, September 13, 1991
    Brian Mitchell, SA junior lightweight, wins the International Boxing Federation world champion title.
    References:

  • Thursday, September 13, 1990
    Gangs of armed men kill at least twenty-six commuters on a train travelling between George Goch and Denver stations in Johannesburg.
    References:

  • Thursday, September 13, 1990
    At least six persons are killed and 400 shacks destroyed during a night attack on a squatter camp in the township of Thokoza.
    References:

  • Wednesday, September 13, 1989
    More than 35 000 people force central Cape Town to a standstill as they march peacefully from St George's Cathedral to the city hall to protest against police violence.
    References:

  • Tuesday, September 13, 1988
    Three leading anti-apartheid activists, Mohammed Valhi Moasa, Murphy Moroke, and Vusi Khanyile, escape from detention and seek refuge in the American Consulate in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood
    •  http://www.news24.com

  • Sunday, September 13, 1987
    Venda Border Extension Act No 31, including further territory into Venda, commences.

  • Friday, September 13, 1985
    The World Health Organisation (WHO) declares Aids a worldwide epidemic.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  http://www.andibradley.com/

  • Thursday, September 13, 1984
    Six political refugees, including the President of the United Democratic Front (UDF) seek refuge in the British consulate in Durban, and ask the British government to intervene on their behalf.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Tuesday, September 13, 1983
    B.J. Vorster, former SA prime minister and state president is buried in the so-called Heroes' Acre at the Dutch Reformed Church at Kareedouw in the Eastern Cape.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed) (1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC, p. 259.

  • Thursday, September 13, 1979
    Venda is declared independent in terms of the Republic of Venda Constitution Act 9 of 1979. Chief Mphephu is named as the first president of the newly 'independent' homeland. The South African government drafted the legislation creating the new 'state' as well as picked who would be its leaders.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood
    •  http://www.andibradley.com/

  • Wednesday, September 13, 1978
    The Venda Independence Party (VIP) boycotts the opening of the Venda Parliament despite having won thirty-one of the forty-two elected seats. The boycott is prompted by the arrest, after the election, of twelve of the new VIP Parliamentarians. They were detained together with nearly forty other opposition supporters.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Tuesday, September 13, 1977
    At the Transvaal National Party Congress the constitutional proposals are accepted by 1,236 votes out of 1,243.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Monday, September 13, 1976
    A second strike call (13-15 September) in Soweto leads to absenteeism estimated at 75-80 per cent in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Monday, September 13, 1976
    Speaking to the Transvaal Congress of the ruling National Party in Pretoria, the Prime Minister again rejects major changes in the country's race policies.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Friday, September 13, 1974
    The Minister of Justice officially announces that NUSAS has been declared an 'affected organisation' under the Affected Organisations Act and will not be allowed to retain any funds obtained from overseas.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Thursday, September 13, 1973
    Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi, the Chief Councillor, announces that the South African government has agreed that members of the Kwazulu Executive Council should be allowed to possess firearms.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Friday, September 13, 1968
    The Rhodesian Appeal Court recognises the legality of Rhodesian Government, headed by Ian Smith.
    References:

  • Tuesday, September 13, 1966
    The Parliamentary caucus of the National Party unanimously elects B.J. Vorster, Minister of Justice, as its new leader. He automatically becomes the seventh Prime Minister of SA.
    References:
    • Verwey: New Dictionary of South African Biography
    •  Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood
    •  http://www.news24.com

  • Sunday, September 13, 1964
    Egypt and Saudi Arabia announce agreement of peaceful settlement of two-year-old Yemeni civil war.
    References:

  • Tuesday, September 13, 1955
    Richard Victor Selope Thema, politician, journalist and newspaper editor of i.e. The Bantu World, dies in Orlando West, Johannesburg. He was born in at Ga-Mamabolo, Pietersburg (now Polokwane) district in 1886.
    References:
    • Verwey: New Dictionary of South African Biography

  • Sunday, September 13, 1942
    Charles Nqakula, Minister of Safety and Security of the Republic of South Africa since 7 May 2002 and Chairperson of the South African Communist Party (SACP), is born in the Eastern Cape.
    References:

  • Friday, September 13, 1940
    Italy invades Egypt.
  • Saturday, September 13, 1924
    The match between the SA rugby team and the British Isles ends in a tie with 3-3.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, September 13, 1922
    The highest temperature ever recorded in the world was 136.4 degrees Fahrenheit (58 degrees Celsius) on this day at El Azizia, Libya. It is generally accepted as the world's highest recorded atmospheric temperature.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  http://www.andibradley.com/

  • Sunday, September 13, 1914
    General Jan C.G. Kemp resigns as officer in the SA army because of the war policy of the Botha government and joins the Rebellion force.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, September 13, 1905
    The mayor of Cape Town, Hyman Lieberman, opens the large synagogue in the city.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, September 13, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Lord Roberts issues a proclamation calling on the Republican forces still in the field to surrender.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Thursday, September 13, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: The young Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands puts the Gelderland at the disposal of Pres. Paul Kruger to journey to Europe.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, September 13, 1899
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Lieutenant-Colonel R.G. Kekewich arrives in Kimberley to assess the military situation and to advise the new General Officer Commanding British Troops in South Africa, Lieutenant-General F.W.E.F. Forestier-Walker, on the defence of the town.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Saturday, September 13, 1890
    The British Union Flag (Union Jack) is raised for the first time at Fort Salisbury, marking the beginning of prolonged British influence in the region, now Zimbabwe.
    References:

  • Wednesday, September 13, 1882
    During the Egyptian Rebellion, British forces under Wolseley rout the Egyptians at Tel-el-Kebir and proceed to occupy Egypt and the Sudan.
  • Saturday, September 13, 1879
    Sir Sydney Smith Bell (74), chief justice of the Cape Colony, dies in London.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, September 13, 1851
    The St Helena of 142 tons is wrecked at Plettenberg Bay.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau