This Day in History

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Saturday, October 13, 1990

On 13 October 1990, South Africa’s first Lesbian and Gay Pride march was held in Johannesburg. It was the first Pride March on the African continent and acted as both a gay pride event and an anti-Apartheid march. The march was organised by the Gay and Lesbian Organisation of the Witwatersrand (GLOW) and attracted a crowd of about 800 people.

This article was produced for South African History Online on 10-Apr-2017

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Monday, October 13, 2003
    Now in its 24th year, South Africa's longest-running film festival, the Durban International Film Festival (DIFF), starts today and runs until October 26.
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  • Friday, October 13, 2006
    Prince Harry, third in line to the British throne and known for his late-night parties, celebrates girlfriend Chelsy Davy's 21st birthday anniversary at the plush Beluga restaurant in Green Point, Cape Town.
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  • Monday, October 13, 2003
    Now in its 24th year, South Africa's longest-running film festival, the Durban International Film Festival (DIFF), starts today and runs until October 26.
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  • Saturday, October 13, 2001
    President Hosni Mubarak issues an order that 83 suspected Islamic militants stand trial in Egypt's state security court.
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  • Tuesday, October 13, 1998
    The Dutch Reformed Church rejoins the World Alliance of Reformed Churches after the general synod had renounced apartheid.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Tuesday, October 13, 1998
    The Dutch Reformed Church rejoins the World Alliance of Reformed Churches after the general synod had renounced apartheid.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Tuesday, October 13, 1992
    The pyramids, the Sphinx and other monuments survive Cairo earthquake that kills at least 400 and injures more than 4 000.
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  • Tuesday, October 13, 1992
    Minister of Foreign Affairs Pik Botha warns Unita leader Jonas Savimbi in Angola that South Africa will withdraw support for Unita if he decides to resume the Angolan civil war.
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  • Tuesday, October 13, 1992
    Minister of Foreign Affairs Pik Botha warns Unita leader Jonas Savimbi in Angola that South Africa will withdraw support for Unita if he decides to resume the Angolan civil war.
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  • Sunday, October 13, 1991
    Twenty-one Blacks are killed in series of attacks in South Africa's Black townships. 
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  • Sunday, October 13, 1991
    Ten residents of Mapetla die in a gun attack on a tavern.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed) (1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee.

  • Sunday, October 13, 1991
    Ten residents of Mapetla die in a gun attack on a tavern.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed) (1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee.

  • Thursday, October 13, 1988
    Jeremy and Joan Brickhill of the ANC are seriously injured in a motor bomb attack in Harare, Zimbabwe.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Thursday, October 13, 1988
    Egyptian author Naguib Mahfouz becomes first Arabic-language writer to win Nobel Prize for literature.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.
    •  http://www.news24.com

  • Thursday, October 13, 1988
    Egyptian author Naguib Mahfouz becomes first Arabic-language writer to win Nobel Prize for literature.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.
    •  http://www.news24.com

  • Tuesday, October 13, 1987
    South Africa is blamed for a massive bomb blast in Harare in which several people are injured. South Africa denies responsibility.
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  • Tuesday, October 13, 1987
    South Africa is blamed for a massive bomb blast in Harare in which several people are injured. South Africa denies responsibility.
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  • Sunday, October 13, 1985
    The PFP meets the ANC in Lusaka and calls for the release of Nelson Mandela.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Tuesday, October 13, 1981
    Voters in Egypt participate in a referendum to elect vice president Hosni Mubarak as the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
  • Wednesday, October 13, 1971
    Lectures commence in the new building of the Goudstadse Onderwyskollege.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Wednesday, October 13, 1971
    Lectures commence in the new building of the Goudstadse Onderwyskollege.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Wednesday, October 13, 1971
    SA signs treaty with Australia on postal parcels.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Sunday, October 13, 1968
    British premier Harold Wilson and Rhodesian leader Ian Smith, meeting aboard HMS Fearless off Gibraltar, fail after five days of talks to reach agreement on the Rhodesian crisis. Smith returns to his country with Britain's final proposals.
  • Thursday, October 13, 1966
    The General Laws Amendment Bill of 1966 is published. The bill entitles police officers to detain up to fourteen days anyone suspected of offences against security.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, October 13, 1965
    William Rowntree is nominated as the new American ambassador to South Africa to replace J.C. Salterwaite, due to leave South Africa on 18 November 1965.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Tuesday, October 13, 1964
    SA signs agreement with Portugal (for Angola and Mozambique) with regard to rivers of mutual interest and the Kunene River Scheme; SA signs agreement with Portugal (for Mozambique) providing for the extension of cooling facilities for citrus fruit; SA signs treaty with Portugal (for Mozambique) on railway matters; SA signs an economic agreement with Portugal.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Saturday, October 13, 1956
    U.S.S.R. vetoes U.N. approval of the Anglo-French proposal for control of the Suez Canal.
  • Saturday, October 13, 1962
    Helen Joseph is the first person to be put under house arrest under the Sabotage Act. 
    References:
    • Joseph, H. (1986). Side by Side: the autobiography of Helen Joseph, London: Zed, p. 122
    •  Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) New Dictionary of South African Biography, v. 2
    •  Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Thursday, October 13, 1955
    Gana Makabeni, trade union leader and member of the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress (ANC) in the 1940's, dies in the Western Native Township, Johannesburg.   He was born in Limbode, Umtata district, Transkei, in 1897.
    References:
    • Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) (1999). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.2, Pretoria: Vista.

  • Monday, October 13, 1952
    Egypt reaches agreement with Sudan on Nile waters.
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  • Monday, October 13, 1947
    Natal Indian Congress holds a mass meeting in Durban to launch a new phase of Passive Resistance Campaign in view of the stalemate at the Gale Street resistance camp and the activities of the "moderates".

  • Thursday, October 13, 1938
    Dalene Matthee, laurelled Afrikaans writer, is born in Riversdal, CP.  Her best-known book, Kringe in 'n bos (Circles in a forest), has been translated into at least 15 languages.
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  • Monday, October 13, 1913
    C.K. Thambi Naidoo, representing Gandhi at a public meeting in Newcastle, mobilises the Indians living there to start the Satyagraha Campaign (Passive Resistance Campaign).
    References:
    • Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) (1999). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.2, Pretoria: Vista.

  • Monday, October 13, 1884
    Germany declares South West Africa a German protectorate, though the important port of Walvis Bay remained a British possession.
  • Wednesday, October 13, 1880
    Transvaal declares independence from Britain. 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.
    •  http://www.news24.com

  • Monday, October 13, 1879
    Josias Philip Hoffman, first state president of the Orange Free State, dies.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds) (1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 5, p. 551

  • Sunday, October 13, 1867
    The first diamond is found in South Africa. The precious stone is picked up by Jacobs's children on the farm De Kalk near Hopetown on the Orange River. 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.
    •  http://www.news24.com

  • Thursday, October 13, 1825
    The Enterprise becomes the first English steamship to enter Table Bay.
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  • Friday, October 13, 1820
    The Cape Colony extends its boundaries to the Keiskamma River.
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  • Tuesday, October 13, 1716
    Floods hit Stellenbosch, causing extensive damage.
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