This Day in History

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Saturday, February 14, 1981

President Samora Machel of Mozambique pledged solidarity with the South African people, in reaction to the massacre on 30 January 1981, where more than 14 uMkhonto weSizwe (MK) cadres were killed.

This article was produced by South African History Online on 07-Feb-2013

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Friday, February 14, 1997
    The IFP have issued a new Mission Statement calling for a 'social market economy' following a three-day National Council workshop in Ulundi.
  • Saturday, February 14, 1998
    Ex-President F.W. De Klerk announces that his marriage of 39 years to Marike is on the rocks.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, February 14, 1996
    President Mandela issues an invitation to Libyan leader Col. M. al Kadhaffi. The National Party considers this could jeopardize South Africa's relations with the United States.
  • Monday, February 14, 1994
    At a meeting in Durban City hall Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini tells President de Klerk that he is prepared to set up a Zulu Kingdom. In a memorandum he presents to President de Klerk, the King rejects South Africa's interim constitution.
  • Tuesday, February 14, 1995
    Official opening of the Constitutional Court, with Arthur Chaskalson as President.
  • Monday, February 14, 1994
    SA signs agreement with the Republic of China concerning the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, February 14, 1990
    Several thousand teachers march to the regional offices of the Department of Education and Training (DET) in Johannesburg, in order to highlight the crisis in Black education.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 847

  • Friday, February 14, 1992
    Alina Molebogeng Nancy Lekgetha, nurse actively involved in improving health services in rural communities, dies in Mmabatho. In 1964 she was awarded Honorary Life Membership of the South African Nursing Association.
    References:
    • Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) (1999). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.2, Pretoria: Vista.

  • Wednesday, February 14, 1990
    Prof. Johan Heyns, moderator of the Dutch Reformed Church (DRC) and participant in a panel discussion filmed by an American television crew, concedes that in the 1940s the DRC supported apartheid and gave it a biblical justification, leading to the birth of 'apartheid theology'. He says attitudes have changed since then.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 297

  • Sunday, February 14, 1988
    In response to a question in parliament, the minister of education and development aid, Dr Gerrit Viljoen, said that 917 schools, including 662 primary and 255 secondary schools, were affected by boycotts in 1988.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 285

  • Tuesday, February 14, 1984
    The Black community at Mogopa is displaced in a "forced removal" action. Some 300 homes and a cluster of community buildings are bulldozed over.
  • Tuesday, February 14, 1984
    Elections for the Coloured and Indian Parliament under the new Constitution, to be held on 22 August 1984, are announced by the government.
  • Saturday, February 14, 1981
    Eight Army officers are paraded by President Samora Machel at a mass rally in Maputo and are accused of treason and complicity with South Africa in the raid on the military base at Matola, where two of them were in command.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Wednesday, February 14, 1973
    An Israeli fighter pilot shoots down a Libyan aircraft over the Sinai Desert. Seventy-four passengers and crewmembers die.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, February 14, 1981
    President Samora Machel of Mozambique declares solidarity with the plight of the South African people, as a reaction to the massacre.
  • Monday, February 14, 1966
    Ouneas (Pakes) Dikgetsi, MEC for Housing and Local Government, Northern Cape Provincial Government and founder member of the United Democratic Front, is born.
    References:
    • Hayes, S. (ed)(2000).  Who's Who of Southern Africa 2001 ..., Graighall: Jonathan Ball.

  • Friday, February 14, 1941
    German 5th Light Division, Rommel's Afrika Corps, arrive at Tripoli.
  • Tuesday, February 14, 1961
    South Africa's currency is decimalised three years after approval by parliament.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, February 14, 1933
    Nationalists are stunned by the announcement of seven points according to which Gen. J.B.M. Hertzog is willing to cooperate with Gen. J.C. Smuts to form a coalition.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, February 14, 1926
    King Faud is offered $10 million by John D. Rockerfeller for a museum in Egypt.
  • Wednesday, February 14, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Gen. Buller starts his fourth attempt to relieve Ladysmith, Natal. The British withdraw from their positions around Colesberg and regroup at Arundel Siding nearby.
    References:
    • Cloete, P.G. ( 2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa.
    •  https://www.sahistory.org.za/

  • Tuesday, February 14, 1899
    Julius Louis Saks, optometrist who received several awards, including the award of Honorary Life Fellowship of the Academy by the prestigious American Academy of Optometry (only the fourth person and the only non-American receiver ever), is born in London, England.
    References:
    • Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) (1999). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.2, Pretoria: Vista.

  • Monday, February 14, 1887
    Charles Shaw is appointed health inspector of the Johannesburg diggers community.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, February 14, 1876
    Henry Charles Christopher (Harry) Wolhuter, game ranger in the Sabi Game Reserve (later Kruger National Park) from 1902-1946, is born in Beaufort West, CC.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Monday, February 14, 1887
    Pres. Paul Kruger undertakes his first official visit of two days to Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, February 14, 1840
    Dingane, stripped of his kingship after he and his Zulu warriors are vanquished at the battle of Magongo at the Umkuzi River, flees to Swaziland where he is murdered.
    References:
    • Pretoria News, 14 Feb 2004. Today in history.

  • Friday, February 14, 1840
    Natal is proclaimed a Voortrekker Republic with the Umzimvubu River as southern border, the Black Mfolozi (including St. Lucia Bay) as the northern border, the sea to the east and without mentioning of the western border.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, February 14, 1785
    Cornelis Jacob van de Graaff assumes governorship at the Cape. Graaff-Reinet is named after him and his wife.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v.11 p.126.

  • Thursday, February 14, 1754
    Anton Anreith, SA sculptor, is born in Riegel, the Netherlands.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau