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Wednesday, November 14, 1984
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In an attempt to prevent further unrest, the apartheid government arrested several leading members of trade unions affiliated to the United Democratic Front (UDF). The move followed nationwide unrest which broke out on 3 September 1984.  The Vaal Civic Association organised a stay away, school boycott and protest marches over rent increases.

This article was produced for South African History Online on 07-Nov-2012

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Tuesday, November 14, 2006
    Parliament approves the controversial Civil Unions Bill, which provides for same-sex marriage, making South Africa the first African country to do so and one of only a few in the world. The measure opposed by almost all opposition parties, bar the Democratic Alliance, which allowed its members a free vote on the issue. The step is denounced by other African countries.
    References:

  • Monday, November 14, 2005
    Twelve children, aged 13-15, are trampled to death as panicked pupils flee what they think is a fire in their northern Nigerian school in Kaduna. The school filled with smoke coming from a carpentry workshop next door.
    References:

  • Monday, November 14, 2005
    The house approves the Constitution Twelfth Amendment Bill by a two-thirds majority in parliament. Deputy justice minister Johnny de Lange says in the national assembly: "In order to give effect to the resolution of the PCC (presidential co-ordinating council), this constitutional amendment before the house seeks to redetermine the geographical areas of the provinces to avoid municipal boundaries stretching over provincial boundaries." The bill affects 17 municipalities including the four contentious ones of Khutsong (Gauteng to Northwest), Matatiele (KwaZulu-Natal to Eastern Cape, Bushbuckridge (split between Mpumalanga and Limpopo) and Khalagadi (Northwest to Northern Cape). As a result of the changes, the Northern Cape's population jumps from 800 000 to more than 1.2 million.
    References:

  • Sunday, November 14, 2004
    At an African Union summit six African leaders send a tough message to Ivory Coast's President Laurent Gbagbo, supporting a proposed UN arms embargo on his country and warning him against further attacks on rebel-held cities.
    References:

  • Monday, November 14, 2005
    Former defence minister Magnus Malan joins former SA Defence Force chief Constand Viljoen in denying any knowledge of mass graves found near a former South African military base in northern Namibia. People's Liberation Army of Namibia (Plan) fighters killed by the SA army and South-West African Territory Force by law had to be handed to the South-West African police for identification and burial. Malan says that questions about the graves should be directed at the United Nations as they were in command in Namibia at the time.
    References:

  • Friday, November 14, 2003
    The Swazi king appoints businessman Themba Dlamini as the new prime minister.
    References:
    • BBC, (2004). 'Key Dates', Focus on Africa, January to March, v. 15 no 1, p. 9

  • Sunday, November 14, 1999
    The SA cricket team beats Zimbabwe in Harare with an innings and 219 runs, having won the previous test in Bloemfontein also with an innings.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, November 14, 1998
    The SA rugby team wins its fifteenth consecutive test match by beating Wales 28-20 in Wembley.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, November 14, 1996
    American troops arrive in Kigali, Rwanda's capital, in advance of a multinational operation to feed and help send home more than one million refugees in Zaire, now called Congo.
    References:

  • Saturday, November 14, 1998
    Delegates at the summit of the Afrikaner Unity Movement (AUM), held in Pretoria, voted to transform the AUM into a political party in order to contest the 1999 general election.
    References:
    • Keesing's Record of World Events, News Digest for October 1994, p. 42596.

  • Monday, November 14, 1994
    Having been dismissed from the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) for their illegal strike about poor living standards in Wallmannstal military camp previously in November, Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) guerrillas, through their spokesperson Salvador Mkhari, threaten to resume the armed struggle unless their demands were met.
    References:
    • Keesing's Record of World Events, News Digest for October 1994, p. 40263.

  • Saturday, November 14, 1992
    The SA rugby team loses 33-16 against England at the Twickenham rugby stadium.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, November 14, 1989
    Swapo wins the five-day-long election (7-11 November) in Namibia, the first national election. Martti Ahtisaari, the Secretary-General's Special Representative in Windhoek, declares the election 'free and fair'.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  http://www.news24.com
    •  http://findarticles.com/

  • Thursday, November 14, 1991
    Two Libyans, Al-Amin Khalifa Fhimah and Abdel Baset Ali Mohamed al-Megrahi are named as Lockerbie bombers.
  • Saturday, November 14, 1987
    Mr Mtosana, executive member of the Western Cape Civic Organisation, is found shot dead.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee.

  • Thursday, November 14, 1985
    N. Magala is necklaced by a mob in the eastern Cape.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 577

  • Thursday, November 14, 1985
    A youth dies after being assaulted by a vigilante group in the Ciskei, allegedly led by an MP for Zwelitsha, Mr Kolisile William Matsheketwa and allegedly working with the Ciskei government and the police. All fifty-seven members of the group were later found guilty of culpable homicide.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 106

  • Tuesday, November 14, 1978
    Prime Minister Botha announces an important Cabinet reshuffle, involving the promotion of moderate ('verligte') members, the most dramatic of which is the appointment of Dr. Piet Koornhof as Minister of Plural Relations.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Monday, November 14, 1977
    The inquest into the death of Black Consciousness leader, Steve Biko, opens in Pretoria. Evidence given concerning the autopsy report is widely reported both locally and overseas. Police admit to keeping Steve Biko shackled and naked for two days, but still dismiss allegations of assault.
  • Thursday, November 14, 1968
    The Ciskei 'homeland' is established.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Friday, November 14, 1969
    Colonel Gaddafi nationalises all foreign banks in Libya.
  • Sunday, November 14, 1965
    George Finlay Bissett (60), SA cricket player in four tests, dies at Botha's Hill, Natal.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, November 14, 1952
    Thirty-four schools run for the Kikuyu tribe are closed as punishment for suspected involvement in the continuing Mau Mau rebellion in Kenya.
  • Tuesday, November 14, 1961
    Katangan President Moise Tshombe and Congo President Joseph Kasavubu are accused in a UN report of conspiracy to murder ex-premier Patrice Lumumba (who died while "escaping" on Feb. 13, 1961).
  • Sunday, November 14, 1926
    Major Friedrich W.R. Albrecht (78), founder of the OFS State Artillery, dies in Bloemfontein.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, November 14, 1929
    Gert Potgieter, SA singer who was killed in a car accident in 1977, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, November 14, 1922
    Boutros Boutros Ghali, secretary-general of the United Nations, is born in Egypt.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, November 14, 1920
    Jan Sebastian Rabie, well-known SA author, is born near George.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, November 14, 1914
    Lord Frederick Sleigh Roberts, (Field Marshall Earl Roberts of Khartoum) commander-in-chief of the British forces during Anglo-Boer War 2, dies in St Omer, France.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 9, p. 380.
    •  http://africanhistory.about.com/

  • Saturday, November 14, 1903
    King Cenric, a Norwegian ship of 1 519 tons, carrying a cargo of wood, is wrecked near Diaz Beach, Mossel Bay.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, November 14, 1908
    Joost de Blank, archbishop of Cape Town and champion against apartheid, is born in the Netherlands.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, November 14, 1895
    Reuben Tholakele (Thola) Caluza, Zulu composer, choirmaster and businessman is born in Siyamu, Kwa Caluza, Edenvale, near Pietermaritzburg. He achieved a four-year B.A. Music Education Degree in the USA.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Friday, November 14, 1890
    Anglo-Portuguese agreement on Zambezi and Congo grants Britain control of lower Zambezi and colonising rights up to the Congo.
    References:

  • Saturday, November 14, 1885
    The first golf club in SA, the Cape Golf Club (later the Royal Cape Golf Club), is established.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 5, p. 253.

  • Friday, November 14, 1873
    President Thomas François Burgers issues a proclamation prohibiting gambling.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, November 14, 1854
    The Rev. Francis Owen (52), founder of a mission station in Zululand, secretary of Dingane and eyewitness to the killing of Piet Retief and his men, dies in Alexandria, Egypt.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, November 14, 1889
    The British Colonial Secretary addresses a dispatch that the Queen has approved a Royal Charter forming the British South Africa Company (BSAC) and in the process forming the country of Rhodesia. The Charter granted almost sovereign-like powers to the BSAC, under Cecil John Rhodes.
    References: