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Tuesday, May 19, 1998
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Thaba Tshwane is the military headquarters of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) in Pretoria. The base had been known as   Voortrekkerhoogte since 1939. , It was officially renamed on 19 May 1998, marking its third name change.

The military base was founded in 1905 by the British Army and was named Robert Heights after Lord Roberts, a British soldier and one of the best commanders of the 19th century.

This article was produced for South African History Online on 17-May-2013

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Saturday, May 19, 2007
    The Bulls beat the Sharks 21 20 in Durban, to win the Super 14 final in the last minute of the game.   It is the first time in history that two South African teams compete in the finals.
    References:
    • SABC. News Bulletin

  • Saturday, May 19, 2001
    The World Health Organisation adopts a diluted proposal on wider international access to cheap HIV/Aids drugs. The WHO urges tackling the epidemic instead.
    References:

  • Friday, May 19, 2000
    President Thabo Mbeki receives an Honorary Doctorate of Law from the Glasgow Caledonian University
    References:

  • Tuesday, May 19, 1998
    The name of Voortrekkerhoogte is officially changed to Thaba Tshwane.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, May 19, 1989
    Business Day reports that COSATU rejected the findings of a Gallup-Markinor poll whish found that almost 90 per cent of South Africans opposed sanctions and disinvestments.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 473

  • Thursday, May 19, 1994
    Kamuzu Banda of Malawi, Africa's longest ruling dictator with thirty years at the helm, concedes defeat to Bakili Muluzi in the country's first multi-party election.
  • Sunday, May 19, 1996
    French troops move into downtown Bangui, Central African Republic, to help quell an army uprising.
    References:

  • Monday, May 19, 1986
    The entire family of Morgan Montoedi, five members, are killed in a petrol bomb attack on their home in Kagiso, West Rand.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 248.

  • Thursday, May 19, 1988
    The Star reports that the two biggest unions in the financial sector, the 34 000-strong South African Society of Bank Officials, and the 16 000-member Building Society Officials' Association have agreed to merge.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 456

  • Monday, May 19, 1986
    South African troops carry out raids in Botswana, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, killing three people.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 133.
    •  http://africanhistory.about.com/
    •  http://www.andibradley.com/

  • Thursday, May 19, 1977
    President Jomo Kenyatta bans big-game hunting in Kenya in an attempt to conserve wildlife.
  • Friday, May 19, 1978
    Undesirable Organisations Act No 9 commences.
    References:

  • Thursday, May 19, 1977
    The United States Vice President, Walter Mondale and the Prime Minister, John Vorster, meet in Vienna for two days of high-level talks.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, May 19, 1971
    John Vorster visits Malawi (19-21 May) and stresses the desire for continued contact and co-operation between South Africa and Malawi. The date of 19-21 May 1970, given by SAHO in another document, seems to be wrong.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 7, p. 143; Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1979). Geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika; verwerk en bygewerk deur D.W. Kruger; 3de bygewerkte uitg., Goodwood, Cape Town: NASOU, p. 610.

  • Sunday, May 19, 1968
    Following the announced secession by Biafra from Nigeria and the subsequent government backed invasion, the Biafran city Port Harcourt is taken by Federal troops.
  • Sunday, May 19, 1968
    The UN ban on Rhodesian import and export, introduced on 16 December 1966, is expanded to include all trade with Rhodesia.
    References:
    • Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1979). Geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika; verwerk en bygewerk deur D.W. Kruger; 3de bygewerkte uitg., Goodwood, Cape Town: NASOU, p. 605

  • Friday, May 19, 1967
    The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution establishing an eleven member United Nations Council for South West Africa to administer the Territory and to enter immediately into contact with South Africa to lay down procedures for its transfer.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Sunday, May 19, 1963
    As part of the process towards independence (12 December 1963) Kenya holds a general election.
  • Friday, May 19, 1961
    General Law Amendment Act No 39 commences.
    References:

  • Sunday, May 19, 1957
    Thabang Sampson Phathekge Makwetla, Premier of Mpumalanga Province since 22 April 2004, is born.
    References:

  • Monday, May 19, 1952
    Minister of Justice, C.R. Swart, serves two notices on Solly Sachs, the first ordering him to resign as an official of the Garment Workers' Union of South Africa (GWU) within thirty days and prohibiting him from taking part in any of the activities; and the second restricting his movements to the Transvaal and prohibiting him from attending any meetings other than religious, social and recreational gatherings.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Thursday, May 19, 1949
    Egypt agrees to a British plan to dam the White Nile in Uganda.  
  • Monday, May 19, 1930
    White women are enfranchised in South Africa.
    References:
    • (2004). Milestones, The Star, 19 May
    •  http://africanhistory.about.com/

  • Sunday, May 19, 1901
    Marthinus Wessel Pretorius (81), first president of the ZAR, dies in Potchefstroom.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, May 19, 1887
    On behalf of the British government Sir Arthur Havelock, the Natal governor, annexes Zululand.   The date is respectively given as 5 February, 9 May and 21 June in other sources.
    References:
    • Muller, C.F.J. (ed)(1981). Five Hundred years: a history of South Africa; 3rd rev. ed., Pretoria: Academica, p. 228.

  • Wednesday, May 19, 1875
    Sir Christoffel Joseph Brand (77), first speaker of the Cape parliament, dies in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, May 19, 1857
    The Rev. Willem Johannes Conradie, author of the first Afrikaans Bible retold for children, is born in Murraysburg, CC.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, May 19, 1849
    About 5 000 people gather on the Parade in Cape town to protest against the decision of Lord Grey, British colonial minister, to use South Africa as a penal colony.   An anti-convict movement is founded.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, May 19, 1787
    Ulrich Gerhard Lauts, founder of the pro-Boer association in the Netherlands, is born in Amsterdam.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, May 19, 1659
    Casper Brinkman brings the news that the Kaapmans (Khoi-Khoi clan) have killed Symon in't Velt with an assegai and have stolen seventy of his sheep and thirty cattle.   This is the beginning of the first Hottentot War.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau