This Day in History

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Thursday, June 19, 1913
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The Natives Land Act (No. 27 of 1913) was passed to allocate only about 7% of arable land to Africans and leave the more fertile land for whites. This law incorporated territorial segregation into legislation for the first time since Union in 1910.

This article was produced for South African History Online on 14-Jun-2013

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Wednesday, June 19, 2002
    Villages across Rwanda begin convening traditional gacaca, or "grass" courts, to try suspects in the country's 1994 genocide. More than 100,000 people await trial, more than the legal system can handle. Under the gacaca system, communities hold public meetings where residents name those who had allegedly killed or been killed, and judges determine punishment.
    References:

  • Tuesday, June 19, 2001
    A U.N. fuel barge sails into Kisangani reopening the Congo River after war severed the African nation's most important transportation route in 1998.
    References:

  • Wednesday, June 19, 1996
    Cuban Foreign Minister Roberto Rubaina says his visit to South Africa will pave the way for an extended state visit by Cuban President Fidel Castro and that the two countries have signed a joint communiqué committing them to strengthening relations.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Thursday, June 19, 1997
    The Truth and Reconciliation Commission refuses to accede to the NP demands and calls instead for urgent talks in order to resolve difficulties.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, June 19, 1999
    The rugby team of SA beats Italy 101-0 on King's Park, Durban.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, June 19, 1992
    Sbu Pitiyasi Mnguni, ANC member, is shot dead by a group of gunmen in Malukazi, Natal.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 255.

  • Friday, June 19, 1992
    Vusimuzi Mabaso, Thabani Memela and Mazwi Mkize, ANC supporters, are shot dead in Umlazi, Natal.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 255.

  • Wednesday, June 19, 1991
    Mziwonke 'Pro' Jack, ANC, is gunned down near his home in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 253.
    •  http://www.news24.co.za

  • Friday, June 19, 1992
    The Goldstone Commission recommends that the 32nd Battalion "should not again be used for peacekeeping duties anywhere in South Africa". The Commission's Tokoza Committee says that the battalion has committed acts of violence against residents of the Phola Park squatter camp.
    References:

  • Tuesday, June 19, 1990
    Mr. Farah (UN representative) stresses, at a press conference in Pretoria, the need for a series of confidence-building measures that could reduce the political violence and increase the level of trust and understanding among all parties and between the people and the Government.
    References:

  • Wednesday, June 19, 1991
    Norway announces its plans to open an embassy in Pretoria later this year.
    References:

  • Tuesday, June 19, 1990
    SA signs trade agreement with the government of the Republic of Malawi.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Thursday, June 19, 1986
    Joseph Mothopeng, allegedly ANC, is abducted, escaped and shot dead the same day.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 248.

  • Tuesday, June 19, 1979
    J.T. Kruger, former Minister of Justice, Police and Prisons, is elected President of the Senate on the nomination of P.W. Botha.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, June 19, 1976
    The Government Gazette announces that 123 persons have been banned as a result of the June 16 revolt. The minister of police imposes a nationwide prohibition on the holding of meetings, which was later extended to the end of the year.
    References:

  • Monday, June 19, 1978
    The Council and Senate of the Goudstad College of Education are constituted.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, June 19, 1975
    SA signs multilateral treaty on the civil liability for oil pollution damage.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Thursday, June 19, 1975
    Lennox Sebe is appointed general and economic advisor to the Ciskei Cabinet.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, June 19, 1971
    The rugby teams of SA and France score 8 points each.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, June 19, 1965
    Ben Bella is dismissed as president of Algeria.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, June 19, 1965
    SA loses 11-8 against Australia in the first rugby test in Sydney.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, June 19, 1965
    The government instructs its Ambassador to The Hague to inform the Dutch government of its displeasure over a grant of 100,000 guilders being made to the Defence and Aid Fund for assistance to the victims of apartheid. This is seen as interference in the domestic affairs of South Africa.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Friday, June 19, 1964
    Sabotage groups blast three pylons, one in the Transvaal and two on the Cape Flats.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Friday, June 19, 1964
    Parliament ends its session after 103 days and the passing of 100 bills.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Friday, June 19, 1959
    Representation between Republic of South Africa and Self-Governing Territories Act (Promotion of Bantu Self-Government Act) No 46 commences.
    References:

  • Friday, June 19, 1959
    Extension of University Education Act No 45 commences.
    References:

  • Tuesday, June 19, 1956
    Bishop Selby Taylor warns against the forced removal of Blacks from the Lady Selborne area.
    References:
    • ---, (2005). 'Pretoria 1855-2005: Chronologie 1798-1935', Bylaag tot Rekord.

  • Thursday, June 19, 1952
    Willem van der Berg, novelist and head of the Afrikaans programmes of the SAUK (SABC), dies.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, June 19, 1947
    Dr Mahomed Said Asvat, specialist physician, lecturer and author of articles on liver diseases and cancer, is born in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Hayes, S. (ed)(2000).  Who's Who of Southern Africa 2001 ..., Graighall: Jonathan Ball.

  • Monday, June 19, 1933
    Dr Fabian Defu Ribeiro, medical practitioner assassinated with his wife by state agents in 1986, is born in Bantule.
    References:

  • Thursday, June 19, 1913
    Black Land Act No 27 commences.
    References:

  • Friday, June 19, 1908
    The Cape Parliament meets to consider the Act of Union
    References:

  • Tuesday, June 19, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Gen. Buller enters Volksrust, the first town in the ZAR to fall into his hands.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Tuesday, June 19, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2:  The hopes of certain Blacks that the harsher Republican laws affecting Blacks will be repealed after British occupation are dashed.   The British issue a proclamation stating that the Pass Law remains in place.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Thursday, June 19, 1890
    Stephanus Schoeman (80), commandant-general in the Soutpansberg area and later of the ZAR, dies in Pretoria.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, June 19, 1881
    Muhammad Ahmad proclaims himself Mahdi in the Sudan.
    References:

  • Sunday, June 19, 1864
    The Alabama, American raider, is sunk outside Cherbourg harbour, France, by the U.S.S. Kearsarge.  She was built during the American Civil War to prey on the mercantile shipping of the Northern states. Her captain and officers were Southerners, her crew British.  The Malays composed the well-known folksong Daar kom die Alibama with reference to her.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 1, p. 286

  • Monday, June 19, 1843
    Theophilus (Offy) Shepstone, son of Sir Theophilus and adviser of Mbandzeni, chief of the Swazi nation, is born in Fort Peddie.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 9, p. 612

  • Wednesday, June 19, 1811
    William John Burchell leaves Cape Town with a specially built wagon on a journey, which was to last four years, to explore the interior of South Africa.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau