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Thursday, November 22, 1979

On 22 November 1979 South African prime minister P. W. Botha gathered business leaders together in a conference at the Carlton Hotel in Johannesburg. Here he announced his plan to launch the Constellation of Southern African States (CONSAS) as a programme to re-establish the regional dominance of the apartheid state and its partners in big business.

This article was produced for South African History Online on 14-Nov-2017

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Monday, November 22, 2004
    Parts of western Johannesburg are plunged into darkness when an electrical sub-station in Hursthill near the Helen Joseph Hospital catches fire. Traffic lights are not working and businesses face huge losses during the days' long delay to restore power.
    References:

  • Tuesday, November 22, 2005
    Four children die and two policemen are critically injured when a police vehicle smashed into a minibus taxi and they both burst into flames. The police vehicle was chasing a hijacked car when the accident occurred, and the taxi had jumped a red robot. A case of culpable homicide has been opened against the taxi driver.
    References:

  • Friday, November 22, 2002
    Officials cancel the Miss World pageant in Nigeria for fear of riots and move it instead to London.  
    References:

  • Monday, November 22, 1999
    Abdelkader Hachani, a moderate leader of Algeria's banned Islamic Salvation Front, is fatally shot in Algiers.
    References:

  • Wednesday, November 22, 2000
    Carlos Cardoso, arguably the finest of post independence Mozambican journalists, is assassinated in Maputo.
  • Sunday, November 22, 1998
    Anne Paton, widow of Alan Paton, announces her decision to move to England.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, November 22, 1997
    The SA rugby team beats France 52-10 in the second test, winning the series 2-0.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, November 22, 1997
    Gunmen kidnap five aid workers from the U.N. and European Union in Somalia. They are released unharmed three days later.
    References:

  • Sunday, November 22, 1998
    Willie Liebenberg, SA all-in wrestler, dies in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, November 22, 1994
    SA signs agreement with the government of Switzerland concerning support to the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP).
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Monday, November 22, 1993
    SA signs protocol with India on the establishment of consular and diplomatic relations.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, November 22, 1991
    Ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide meets with a group of Haitian legislators to negotiate an end to Haiti's constitutional crisis. It is the first meeting between the two sides since Aristide's overthrow in a military-led coup. Aristide was in later years offered residence in South Africa.
    References:

  • Sunday, November 22, 1992
    Tom Vraalsen, special envoy of the UN Secretary-General, visits South Africa (22 November 9 December).
  • Friday, November 22, 1991
    Exchange of notes establishing diplomatic relations with Romania.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Thursday, November 22, 1990
    British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, after being defeated by John Major in a ballot for Conservative Party leader, resigns after 11 1/2 years in office. She visited South Africa earlier in 1990.
  • Tuesday, November 22, 1988
    South African government announces it has joined Cuba and Angola in endorsing a plan to remove Cuban troops from Angola.
    References:

  • Tuesday, November 22, 1988
    Prof. Raymond Arthur Dart, SA anthropologist and expert on the Taung skull, dies in Sandton, Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) (1999). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.2, Pretoria: Vista.

  • Tuesday, November 22, 1988
    The Gemini succeeds in its search for the black box of the Helderberg in the sea near Mauritius, nearly a year after it crashed with 160 passengers.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, November 22, 1987
    Helen Suzman, member of Parliament for Houghton, is elected as national president of the Progressive Federal Party.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, November 22, 1984
    Abel Ngwenya, Daveyton, dies in police custody, allegedly from an epileptic fit, but the pathologist indicated violence involved in death.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee.

  • Friday, November 22, 1985
    US President Ronald Reagan is in favour of covert aid for UNITA rebels in Angola.
  • Tuesday, November 22, 1983
    Keith McFadden and Zwelakhe Nyanda, both ANC members, are shot dead by two gunmen in Manzini, Swaziland.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee.

  • Monday, November 22, 1982
    The President's Council, mandated to consider South Africa's constitutional future, releases its final report. Central items of its plan include establishment of a strong executive President chosen by a tri-racial electoral college, a three-chamber Parliament representing the White, Coloured and Indian communities, and a division between national and communal interests. It reaffirms the need for separation of executive and legislative power.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Tuesday, November 22, 1977
    Dr Robert Smit, National Party MP for Springs, and his wife, Jean-Cora, are murdered in their home in Springs. The TRC found in 1998 that the murder was politically motivated.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, November 22, 1979
    The Prime Minister, P.W. Botha, outlines a project for a constellation of states to some 250 leading businessmen. Its objective would be to improve the lives of all peoples in the Southern African region.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, November 22, 1974
    UN General Assembly gives the Palestine Liberation Organisation observer status.
    References:

  • Tuesday, November 22, 1966
    Rhodesia leaves the Commonwealth of Nations.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, November 22, 1970
    President Ahmed Sékou Touré of Guinea requests UN aid against invading Portuguese troops.
  • Friday, November 22, 1963
    The first General Assembly in Transkei starts.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, November 22, 1962
    Violence erupts in Paarl when about 200 Blacks march in the early hours from Mbekweni and attack the police station where several suspects, believed to be Poqo supporters, are being held. Two Whites are killed and five seriously injured, while seven Blacks are killed. The date of 21 November, given in another source, seems to be wrong.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 10, p. 458.

  • Monday, November 22, 1943
    Britain's Prime Minister Winston Churchill, US President Franklin Roosevelt, and China's Chiang Kai-shek agree in Cairo, Egypt, on measures to defeat Japan in World War 2.
    References:

  • Thursday, November 22, 1917
    World War 1: North Africa: German L59 Zeppelin starts flight from Bulgaria to Khartoum carrying much needed supplies to General von Lettow in East Africa.
  • Saturday, November 22, 1941
    WWII: SA troops in North Africa flee before the onslaught of Field-Marshall Erwin Rommel.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, November 22, 1916
    The Rev. Willem Postma's Afrikaans translation of the Bible book Titus is published.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, November 22, 1900
    President Paul Kruger arrives in Marseille harbour, France, on board the Dutch cruiser Gelderland , sent by Queen Wilhelmina.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 5, p. 134
    •  Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, November 22, 1905
    Instructions are issued to all magistrates in Zululand to assemble the chiefs in their areas, to explain the new poll-tax law. A tax of £1 per head on all White, Coloured, Indian and Black residents in Natal and Zululand, of the age of 18 and upwards, was levied.
    References:

  • Wednesday, November 22, 1899
    Anglo-Boer War 2: During the Battle of Willow Grange, two British soldiers and two burghers are knocked unconscious by lightning and a burgher and six horses are killed nearby Brynbella.
    References:
    • Cloete, P.G. (2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa.

  • Thursday, November 22, 1838
    Andries Pretorius arrives in the Voortrekker laager on the bank of the "Klein Tugela".
    References:
    • Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1979). Geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika; verwerk en bygewerk deur D.W. Kruger; 3de bygewerkte uitg., Goodwood, Cape Town: NASOU, p. 215.

  • Tuesday, November 22, 1892
    Belgians suppress uprising of Arab slaveholders in Upper Congo. 
    References:

  • Monday, November 22, 1824
    François le Vaillant (71), explorer of the SA interior, dies in Cézanne, France.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, November 22, 1497
    Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape of Good Hope in his search for a route to India.
    References:
    • Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1979). Geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika; verwerk en bygewerk deur D.W. Kruger; 3de bygewerkte uitg., Goodwood, Cape Town: NASOU, p. 9.
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