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Friday, October 24, 1958

On 24 October 1958, South African storyteller Nokugcina Elsie Mhlophe known as Gcina Mhlophe was born in Kwazulu-Natal South Africa. She is most famous for writing both stories and music for children. Some of her work has been used in different schools and universities around the world. She also appeared on SABC television series called Gcina and Friends on SABC.

This article was produced by South African History Online on 05-Dec-2017

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Monday, October 24, 2005
    Janita Claassen (58) SA singer dies of cancer in the Sungarden Hospice in Pretoria.
    References:

  • Sunday, October 24, 2004
    Dumisani Makhaye (49), the KwaZulu-Natal MEC for Local Government, Housing and Traditional Affairs, dies of cancer in Durban.
  • Sunday, October 24, 1999
    The Springbok rugby team beats England 44-21 on the Stade de France, Paris, in the World Cup quarter-final match, with Jannie de Beer setting a new world record by succeeding in five drop-goals, five penalty goals and two goal kicks.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, October 24, 1998
    A gas explosion devastates the officers' club of the SA National Defence Force, a national monument, in Wynberg, Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, October 24, 1998
    An elephant tramples German tourist Rita Hahn to death on the Hans Merensky golf course in Phalaborwa, Limpopo.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, October 24, 1998
    For the first time the world-champion South African rugby team accepts a Black player.
    References:

  • Tuesday, October 24, 1995
    SA signs agreement with Lesotho concerning the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Tuesday, October 24, 1995
    The United Nations celebrates its 50th anniversary. The celebration is the largest gathering of world leaders in history, with President Nelson Mandela also addressing the gathering.
  • Saturday, October 24, 1992
    The SA rugby team loses the second test against France 16-29 in Paris, thereby losing the series.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, October 24, 1992
    In a joint statement, Government and the PAC say they agreed on the urgent need for the establishment of a more representative forum, which would decide on transitional arrangements leading to a new Constitution.

  • Wednesday, October 24, 1990
    The ANC announces that it is postponing its national conference, set for 15 December 1990, until June 1991, due to the slow pace of efforts to secure the return of more than 20,000 exiles and the release of some 3,000 political prisoners.

  • Monday, October 24, 1988
    The Transvaal Rugby Football Union executive committee passes a resolution expressing its full support for Dr Luyt and Dr Craven's meeting with members of the ANC and officials of the non-racial South African Rugby Union (SARU) in Harare. At this meeting Dr Craven called for the abolition of apartheid and for rugby administrators to 'join him on the road to total integration'.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 41

  • Monday, October 24, 1988
    Two people die and forty-two are injured in a bomb explosion outside a shopping centre in Witbank, Tvl.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, October 24, 1987
    At least twenty-five people are reported to have died in violence between members of the United Democratic Party and Inkatha in Pietermaritzburg during the previous nine days.
    References:
    • Pretoria News, 24 October 2003. Today in History.

  • Saturday, October 24, 1987
    National Union of Mineworkers' leader Cyril Ramaphosa is awarded the Olof Palme prize for "courage and wisdom in the solidarity struggle for human rights and dignity".
    References:
    • The Star, 24 October 2003. Milestones.

  • Wednesday, October 24, 1984
    The United Nations Security Council endorses a lengthy resolution condemning South Africa's apartheid regime, demanding the immediate cessation of massacres and the prompt and unconditional release of all political prisoners and detainees.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, October 24, 1986
    SA signs treaty on Lesotho Highlands Water Project.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Monday, October 24, 1977
    The minister of justice, police and prisons receives a report of a police investigation into Steve Biko's death and a post-mortem report submitted to the Attorney General of the Transvaal and signed by Professor Johan Loubser, Chief State Pathologist, by Professor I.W. Simpson (University of Pretoria) and by Jonathan Gluckman (pathologist appointed by the Biko family) whose findings are unanimous. Death has been caused by extensive brain damage. Biko has sustained at least a dozen injuries between eight days and twelve hours before his death.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Monday, October 24, 1977
    As the United Nations Security Council debate on South Africa opens in New York, a major diplomatic effort begins to deal with South Africa's severe treatment of its critics and with African demands for mandatory United Nations sanctions.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Sunday, October 24, 1976
    The authorities release the leader of the Coloured Labour Party, the Rev. Allan Hendrickse, after holding him in prison for two months.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Sunday, October 24, 1976
    Further trouble erupts at a funeral in Soweto when a crowd of 4,000 attacks police. Retaliatory fire causes deaths and injuries.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Thursday, October 24, 1974
    In the United Nations Security Council 'Pik' Botha says that South Africa will do everything in its power to move away from discrimination based on race or colour.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, October 24, 1973
    In the elections the Transkei National Independence Party wins twenty-five seats, the Democratic Party ten, Independents eight. Another sixty-four Assembly seats are filled by chiefs appointed ex officio by the government.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, October 24, 1973
    Yom Kippur War ends with Israeli troops 100 km from Cairo and forty km from Damascus. Several other dates are given for this event, e.g. 22, 26 or 28 October, depending which phase of the peace process is considered most decisive.
  • Sunday, October 24, 1971
    The Security Police raid more than 100 homes throughout the country in a search for illegal political literature.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Saturday, October 24, 1970
    In a declaration on the 25th anniversary of the United Nations, the General Assembly describes apartheid as "a crime against the conscience and dignity of mankind". (Resolution 2627 (XXV).

  • Friday, October 24, 1969
    The Herstigte Nasionale Party (Reconstituted National Party) is established. The name implies that the National Party has deviated from its original course.
    References:
    • Muller, C.F.J. (ed) (1981). Five Hundred years: a history of South Africa; 3rd rev. ed., Pretoria: Academica, p. 516.

  • Saturday, October 24, 1964
    Northern Rhodesia becomes independent as the Republic of Zambia, with Kenneth Kaunda as first president.   Southern Rhodesia colony becomes simply Colony of Rhodesia.
    References:
    • Bute, E.L. & Harmer, H.J.P. (1997). The Black Handbook, London: Cassell.
    •  https://www.vdiest.nl/
    •  https://reference.allrefer.com/

  • Monday, October 24, 1955
    The SA delegation to the UN walks out during the debate on apartheid, claiming that it is interfering with SA domestic affairs.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://africanhistory.about.com/

  • Thursday, October 24, 1946
    The General Committee of the first UN General Assembly does not support the request of the Union of South Africa that the Indian complaint be removed from the agenda on the grounds of domestic jurisdiction.

  • Wednesday, October 24, 1945
    The United Nations (UN) comes into existence with the ratification of its charter by the first 29 (51?) nations. SA premier Jan Smuts takes part in the setting up of the organisation and drafts the declaration of the human rights in the Charter.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds) (1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 10, p. 20 & v. 11, p. 78.
    •  https://www.andibradley.com/

  • Thursday, October 24, 1935
    SA informs the League of Nations that it will apply all sanctions imposed on Italy.
    References:
    • Pretoria News, 24 October 2003. Today in History.

  • Thursday, October 24, 1935
    Italy invades Ethiopia. Date is given as 3 October in the following source.
  • Saturday, October 24, 1931
    Murray Bisset, SA cricket player in three tests (1898-1910), dies in Salisbury, Rhodesia.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, October 24, 1929
    Black Thursday, the first day of the stock market crash, which began the world-wide Great Depression. This event aggravated the poor Whites problem in SA.
    References:
    • The Star, 24 October 2003. Milestones
    •  https://www.andibradley.com/

  • Tuesday, October 24, 1911
    Pixley ka I. Seme proposes "Native Union".

  • Tuesday, October 24, 1899
    Anglo-Boer War 2: The Battle of Rietfontein, near Dundee, Natal, takes place, with the British falling back to Ladysmith.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Cloete, P.G. (2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa.

  • Tuesday, October 24, 1899
    Anglo-Boer War 2: John Tengu Jabavu, editor of Imvo Zabantsundu (Black Opinion) and future ANC member, denounces Britain's "irresponsible" war and writes that meaningful negotiations could have taken place if the British government had not been persuaded otherwise.
    References:
    • Cloete, P.G. (2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa.

  • Monday, October 24, 1898
    Prof. Jacobus Gerhard Meiring, educationist and rector of the University of the Western Cape, is born in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Swart, M.J., et al. (eds) (1980). Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak,  Aucklandpark: Federasie van Afrikaanse Kultuurvereniginge.

  • Tuesday, October 24, 1876
    Windvogelberg, named after a San chief, is renamed Cathcart in honour of Sir George Cathcart, Governor of the Cape Colony.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds) (1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 3, p. 128

  • Sunday, October 24, 1869
    Thomas William Bowler (56), SA painter, dies in London.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, October 24, 1826
    Louis Balthazar Meurant, Swiss-born SA musician and composer, dies in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Swart, M.J., et al. (eds) (1980). Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak,  Aucklandpark: Federasie van Afrikaanse Kultuurvereniginge.

  • Wednesday, October 24, 1827
    The corner stone of the St Andrew's Presbyterian Church in Somerset Road, Cape Town, is laid by the acting governor of the Cape, Sir Richard Bourke.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, October 24, 1800
    The Cape of Good Hope Gazette appears for the first time.
    References:
    • Pretoria News, 24 October 2003. Today in History.

  • Sunday, October 24, 1683
    Olof Bergh, Swedish explorer at the Cape, returns to the Cape from his second journey of exploration, ordered by Governor Simon van der Stel.
    References:
    • Swart, M.J., et al. (eds) (1980). Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak,  Aucklandpark: Federasie van Afrikaanse Kultuurvereniginge.

  • Monday, October 24, 0439
    Carthage, the leading Roman city in North Africa, falls to Genseric and the Vandals.
  • Wednesday, October 24, 2012
    United Nations Day.
    References:

  • Wednesday, October 24, 2012
    World Development Information Day.
    References:

  • Wednesday, October 24, 2012
    Independence Day in Zambia.