Fietas Pageview, Johannesburg timeline 1880-1981

 

 

SOUTH AFRICAN HISTORY TIMELINES

 

"Fietas" Pageview, Johannesburg

 


 

1880 - 1904      

Fietas, Johannesburg:Pageview is still known as the 'Malay Location'. The population is largely 'coloured', 'cape coloured' and Malay.


1893      

Fietas, Johannesburg:The first 'locations' are established under the Kruger government. Locations are 'non-white' areas. Three exists namely the 'Coolie Location', the 'Kaffir Location' and the 'Malay Location'


1893      

Fietas, Johannesburg:The first 'locations' are established under the Kruger government. Locations are 'non-white' areas. Three exists namely the 'Coolie Location', the 'Kaffir Location' and the 'Malay Location'


1903      

Fietas, Johannesburg: 5 stands are transferred to Indians.


1904      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The 'Coolie Location' is struck by bubonic plague.


1904 - 1907      

Fietas, Johannesburg: 48 stands are transferred to Indians.


1904 - 1934      

Fietas, Johannesburg: Indians increasingly become stand-holders


1904 20 March    

Fietas, Johannesburg: The mixed population is evacuated and the area burned to the ground.


1904 July    

Fietas, Johannesburg: Most of the evacuees start moving back into the urban centre, mostly into the 'Malay Location', one of the view areas for legal 'non-white' occupation


1909 5 September    

Fietas, Johannesburg: Dr Yusuf Dadoo is born.


1912 - 1934      

112 stands are transferred to Indians. By 1934 the racial character of Pageview had changed a great deal by becoming racially mixed as a result of the unavailability of other legal, urban, 'non-white' living areas.


1927      

Fietas, Johannesburg:The Native Urban Areas Act is passed.


1930      

Fietas, Johannesburg: 'Africans' are moved out of the south of Fietas (between 17th and 24th Streets) to Orlando and 'Coloured' people and Tamil people moved in.


1934      

The Slums Act is passed.


1934      

The Feetham Commission is set up


1939      

Fietas, Johannesburg:The Asiatic Land Tenure and Trading Act is passed. This Act states that Indians may only live where they had lived prior to 30 May 1939, and that they may continue to live where 'coloured' people occupied land before 30 May 1939.


1939      

Fietas, Johannesburg:'Coloured' people start rent boycotts against 'slumlords' in Pageview. They voluntarily moved to the Coronation Township and Albertsville.


1940 - 1965      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The name Fietas refers to this period in history.


1940      

The population of Pageview is largely Indian and the area starts developing an Indian character. Mosques, temples and churches are established and the 14th Street shopping Mecca becomes popular.


1941      

Fietas, Johannesburg: Recommendations of the Feetham Commission are accepted.


1943 23 February    

Fietas, Johannesburg: The area is officially named Pageview in honour of the then Mayor of Johannesburg, Mr. J.J. Page. Up to this point the area had become known as Fietas.


1944 August    

Fietas, Johannesburg: The Johannesburg City Council buys land in the Diepkloof area with the intention of developing an 'Indian' area.


1944 24 August    

Fietas, Johannesburg: Indian representatives declared that the area near Diepkloof is acceptable to the Indian community in a meeting with the Minister of the Interior. They also pledge the full support of Indians for the scheme.


1944 17 October    

Fietas, Johannesburg: The Johannesburg City Council meets and approves a detailed report regarding the 'Western Areas Scheme'. This scheme involved the conversion of Newclare, Western Native Township and the southern part of Claremont to 'Coloured' townships, and the removal of residents to Orlando, and the rezoning of Martindale and Sophiatown.


1944 25 October    

Fietas, Johannesburg: The above-mentioned resolution is conveyed to the Johannesburg City Council in the form of a letter.


1944 20 November    

Fietas, Johannesburg: The Transvaal Indian Congress passes a resolution objecting to the statement made on 17 October.


1946 15 March    

The Asiatic Land Tenure and Trading Act is amended and now states that Indians may only live where Indians had resided in non-proclaimed areas.


1947      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The Transvaal Indian Congress undergoes a serious change as a result of the 'nationalist' takeover of the group by Dr. Yusuf Dadoo. This resulted in the 'accomodationist' old-guard leadership being replaced by a more radical group who felt that the Transvaal Indian Congress should be less accommodating towards the government and should take a stance of resistance.


1947 13 July    

Fietas, Johannesburg: A memorandum relating to the housing conditions and need for housing schemes of poorer Indians is presented to the Minister of the Interior by the Tamil Benefit Society.


1948      

Fietas, Johannesburg: Most primary and secondary education of inhabitants of Fietas took place outside the area. Most people went to schools in Fordsburg.

During this period cricket played a significant role in Fietas. Religion also featured highly. The biggest religion in Fietas was Islam, but Indian and Malay people had separate mosques.

The impact of the Transvaal Indian Congress (TIC) or the 'nationalists', the Transvaal Indian Organisation (TIO) or 'accomodationists' and the Transvaal Indian Youth Organisation (TIYO) made itself felt within the internal politics of Fietas.

 


1948 - 1988      

Fietas, Johannesburg: More than 60% of the Pageview population is Indian. Thus about 40% was non-Indian.


1948      

Fietas, Joahhesburg: The National Party wins the 'white' elections. The 'non-white' population of Fietas in concentrated between 11th Street in the north, 24th Street in the south, Krause Street in the east and Delarey Street in the west.


1949      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The "Xuma-Naicker-Dadoo' Pact is made.


1950 - 1960      

Fietas, Johannesburg: Transvaal Indian Congress initiates and implements the 'Decade of Defiance'.


1950      

Indian stand owners start renovating the cottages on their stands and charging people higher prices.

All 'Africans' living in Pageview are there illegally in terms of the Native Urban Areas Act of 1927 and are removed to Orlando.

 


1950      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The Group Areas Act is passed.


1953      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The Lenasia Industrial Township Company applies to have a small tract of land proclaimed as an Indian Township in terms of the Group Areas Act of 1950.


1954      

Fietas, Johannesburg: H.F. Verwoerd states in his speech in Senate that the human reality needs to be racially defined and racially organised under the 'supremacy of the white race.'


1956      

Fietas, Johannesburg: Faried Adams, an resident of Fietas and a member of the TICYO is the no. 1 accused in the Treason Trial. The area south of 22nd Street in Pageview is declared a 'white' area, with effect a year after the proclamation.


1956      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The farm of Rietfontein, near Lenasia, is expropriated by the Group Areas Development Board and is declared an Indian group area.


1957      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The Group Areas Act of 1950 is re-enacted in consolidated form.


1957      

Fietas, Johannesburg: All 'non-whites' living south of 22nd Street n Pageview are given eviction notices. The 'Africans' were moved to Soweto, the 'Coloureds' to the Western Areas and Indians to Lenasia.


1960      

Fietas, Johannesburg: Dr. Yusuf Dadoo is exiled.


1961      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The Group Areas Development Board begins to provide public housing in Lenasia.


1961 August    

Fietas, Johannesburg: The Group Areas Development Board is replaced by the Department of Community Development.


1962      

Fietas, Johannesburg: Until this year there were 177 shops in the area with two mosques, four churches, two cinemas, 4 Islamic schools, 1 Hindu school, 1 Tamil school/temple/hall, 1 Indian girls' school, 1 'coloured' junior school, 1 'coloured' college, 1 Indian junior school, a communal hall and a number of social clubs. The Queenspark Sports Grounds next to the cemetery on Krause Street was considered part of Fietas. The residential stands in the area had an average of 4 cottages on it.


1962 13 January    

Fietas, Johannesburg: A census is held determining that there were 177 shops in the area.

Population:

Indian - 4125

'Coloured' - 501

Malay - 860

Chinese - 59

'African' - unknown

 


1963      

Fietas, Johannesburg: Harry, 'the fat man', a tramp living in Fietas disappeared. On inquiries to his family in Soweto it was found that he had died, but later it turned out that he was alive and well.


1964 - 1970      

Fietas, Johannesburg: All Pageview residents are issued with eviction orders


1964 6 July    

Fietas, Johannesburg: Mr. Mahomed Suliman Bhana, who had been active in the TIYC and is outspoken against apartheid policies, is served a banning order restricting him from attending any political or social gatherings, from entering any location and from leaving the Magisterial District of Johannesburg.


1967 24 July    

Fietas, Johannesburg: Mr. Mahomed Suliman Bhana is released and given a remission of ten days for good behaviour.


1970      

Fietas, Johannesburg: Lenasia is incorporated into the Johannesburg Municipal Area.


1974      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The Oriental Plaza is established, but stands virtually empty until 1976 when unwilling traders are forcibly removed from their shops in Pageview.


1976      

Fietas, Johannesburg: Major removals in Pageview begin.

The Department of Community Development lists 4988 housing units administered by itself in Lenasia.

 


1977      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The security forces, accompanied by other departmental officials and dogs forcibly remove remaining traders from their shops in Pageview.


1977 March    

Fietas, Johannesburg: The people of Pageview stage a spontaneous march from Pageview to the Oriental Plaza, through the Plaza and back to Pageview to register their protest against their evictions


1978      

Fietas, Johannesburg: By this year all the traders in the area had left and the Oriental Plaza was established in Fordsburg. Fietas had disappeared.


1978 - 1988      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The name Pageview is used more regularly and becomes the generally used term. The area during this period was known as the 'Malay Location', 'Fietas', 'Pageview' and even 'Vrededorp', although Vrededorp, a white area, was in fact situated opposite Pageview.


1980      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The Pageview Residents Association (PRA) enters into negotiations with the Department of Community Development in an attempt to keep residence.


1981      

Fietas, Johannesburg: July Allan, 'the China Man', an owner of a sweet shop, is forced to leave Pageview. He moves to a northern suburb of Johannesburg with his sister, Ming, but finds the transition very painful, remarking on the difference in treatment he receives from his new customers, who ridicule him for being Chinese and take products from his shop without paying.


1981      

Fietas, Johannesburg: The Save Pageview Association (SPA) is established, replacing the Pageview Residents Association (PRA), which in turn had replaced the Pageview Traders and Standholders Association after the eviction of traders from Pageview to the Oriental Plaza. Most people have moved to Lenasia, b