Josiah Tshangana Gumede

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Josiah Tshangane Gumede

Josiah Tshangane Gumede Timeline 1867-1946

1867
9 October, Josiah Tshangane Gumede is born in Healdtown Village, Fort Beaufort, Eastern Cape.
1882/1883
Gumede attends the “Kaffirs Institute” in Grahamstown after completing his schooling.
1880’s
Gumede accepts a teaching post at the Adams College in Amanzimtoti.
1883
Cetshwayo dies. The British High Commissioner in South Africa Garnet Wolseley takes advantage of this by dividing Zululand into 13 independent chieftainships, each ruled by chiefs he appointed.

References:
• Shula. M, (1978). ‘Natal, the Zulu royal family and the ideology of segregation’ in Journal of Southern African Studies, Vol  4, No. 2, pp.172-194.
• Cope, N, (1990). ‘The Zulu petit bourgeoisie and Zulu nationalism in the 1920s : origins of Inkatha’ in Journal of Southern African Studies, Vol  16, No. 3, pp.431-451.
• Johanningsmeier, E, (2004). ‘Communists and Black freedom movements in South Africa and the US : 1919-1950’ in Journal of Southern African Studies, Vol 30, No. 1, pp.155-180.
• Gish, S, (2003). A life of Josiah Gumede, from H-Net, June 2003[online]. Available at http://www.h-net.org/[Accessed February 2012]
• van Diemel, R, (2001). ‘In search of freedom, fair play and justice : Josiah Tshangana Gumede, 1867-1947 : a biography. Belhar: Raymond van Diemel, 198 p.
• Landau, P.S, (2010). Popular politics in the history of South Africa, 1400-1948, Cambridge University Press, p.285 .
• Gumede, J T, (1927), Speech of JT Gumede, President of the African National Congress, at the International Congress Against Imperialismon 10 February 1927, from the African National Congress, February [online], Available at www.anc.org.za[Accessed February 2012]
• Mthethwa, N, (2012). Analysis : Gumede and the  co., from the New Age, 30 January, [online]. Available at www.thenewage.co.za[Accessed February 2012]

Last updated : 04-May-2012

This article was produced for South African History Online on 16-Feb-2012