Banned PAC leader Sobukwe is admitted as attorney

Friday, 13 June 1975

Robert Sobukwe, former leader of the banned Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC), although still under a banning order, was admitted to practice as an attorney in Kimberley. In 1969, Sobukwe finally left Robben Island, only to be banished to Galeshewe township near Kimberley where he was banned from writing, teaching, speaking in public or even praying in church. He was, however, allowed to study law and, after being admitted as an attorney in 1975, ran a one-man practice from a small office in Galeshewe. Restricted though he was, Sobukwe would not be silenced and continued to consult with political activists, including a young Steve Biko, who considered him a role model. Sobukwe wanted to enter into practice with people like Phyllis Naidoo but his banning orders prevented him from doing so as he was not allowed to move from one magistrate's district to the other.

• Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.
• SAHO Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe [online] Available at: [Accessed on 11 June 2013]

Last updated : 11-Jun-2013

This article was produced by South African History Online on 16-Mar-2011

Support South African History Online

Donate and Make African History Matter

South African History Online is a non profit organisation. We depend on public support to build our website into the most comprehensive educational resource and encyclopaedia on African history.

Your support will help us to build and maintain partnerships with educational institutions in order to strengthen teaching, research and free access to our content.