Dr Mamphela Aletta Ramphele Timeline 1947-2005

1947
Mamphela Ramphele born in Northern Transvaal
1953
Bantu Education Act limits types of instruction Black South Africans receive.
1961
Ramphele goes to Bethesda Normal College.
1968
Ramphele begins study at Natal University Medical School.
1973
Steve Biko, leader of the Black Consciousness Movement, exile to his homelands, forbidden from political activities, education etc
1975
Ramphele sets up community health care center in Zinyoka. Takes over directorship of Black Community Programmes from Biko.
1977
Ramphele exiled to remote district in northern Transvaal.  Starts community health clinics, day care centres, literacy projects there.
1977
Steve Biko jailed, and dies as result of torture.
1978
Ramphele gives birth to Biko’s son, Hlumelo
1984
Ramphele’s banning order lifted, she moves to Cape Town.
1991
Ramphele enters field of educational administration.
1996
Ramphele becomes Vice Chancellor of University of Cape Town.
2000
Ramphele becomes Managing Director of Human Development in World Bank.
2005
Ramphele launches a capital investment company, Circle Capital.