Mxoshwa Mdhluli and Mhlupeki Hlongwane were banished, from Ngoba Location, Bergville District, Natal [now KwaZulu-Natal] on 11 April 1957. Their banishment orders were related to the killing of five police officers during a dagga raid in February 1956; 22 of those responsible were apprehended and sentenced to death. In 1962, when Helen Joseph visited Mdhluli, he was living in a “dark and squalid”¦broken-down shack”  with “broken wooden frames for beds.”

According to Mdhluli:

• Contribution by Professor S. Badat on Banishment, Rhodes University, 2012. From the book, Forgotten People - Political Banishment under Apartheid by Professor S. Badat

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