Smash Moweng, from Evaton Township, Vereeniging District, Transvaal [now Gauteng] was described as yet another “ringleader” (of the Evaton bus boycott) who was 35 years old and ”a fighter suspected of being responsible for many assaults and is a supporter of the boycott movement.”

He was said to be unemployed and exercised “such a tremendous influence over the local Natives that it is well-nigh impossible to obtain evidence against him.” On 1 November 1956 he was banished to the ”ward of Chief Madoda, Reserve No. 5” in the Empangeni district, Natal [now KwaZulu-Natal].


• Contribution by Professor S. Badat, Rhodes University, 2012. From the book, Forgotten People - Political Banishment under Apartheid by Professor S. Badat

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