This Day in History

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Friday, December 12, 1913
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Menelik II was emperor of Ethiopia from 1889 to his death on 12 December 1913. Menelik gained great fame and respect for defeating the Italian colonizers. He was also the first black African King to engage in slavery of white European war captives held as slaves inside Ethiopia.

This article was produced by South African History Online on 03-Dec-2013

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Sunday, December 12, 2004
    A newspaper reports in Mbabane that Swaziland's King Mswati III has bought himself a luxury sedan worth about R3.5m while his debt-ridden country continues battling Aids and crippling poverty.
    References:

  • Wednesday, December 12, 2001
    Lucas Radebe, SA born soccer star, is ruled out of the Bafana's squad for the 2002 African Nations Cup finals by a twisted ankle.
    References:
    • ----, (2004). 'Lucas Radebe: Footballer of the Decade,' Kick Off 1994-2004, Special Edition, p. 11

  • Saturday, December 12, 1998
    A Zeerust family, Dr François Barnard, his wife and two sons are killed when their Piper Saratoga crashes during a storm near Rorke's Drift, KwaZulu-Natal.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, December 12, 1996
    The ANC confirms it has forwarded 300 applications from its members to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and expects to submit at least another sixty, including those of three Cabinet ministers. The PAC announced that at least 600 of its members, including the 'high command' of its armed wing APLA, have applied. No high-ranking IFP members are known to have applied.

  • Saturday, December 12, 1998
    Three SA farmers from the Eastern Cape, who have crossed the border to Lesotho to search for stolen cattle, are shot and killed.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, December 12, 1991
    The first group of 120 exiles returning to South Africa under the agreement reached in August by UNHCR and the South African authorities, arrive in Johannesburg from Tanzania.

  • Wednesday, December 12, 1984
    Three anti-apartheid activists still in the British Consulate in Durban leave the building. A. Gumede and one other are immediately arrested and charged with treason.

  • Friday, December 12, 1980
    A White extremist group, the 'Wit Kommando' claims responsibility for the bombing of the offices of Professor F.A. Maritz at the University of South Africa.

  • Friday, December 12, 1980
    The United Nations General Assembly adopts two resolutions concerning South Africa's nuclear capacity, requesting the Security Council to prohibit all forms of co-operation with South Africa in the nuclear field and demanding that South Africa submit all its nuclear installations to inspection by the International Atomic Energy Agency.

  • Wednesday, December 12, 1979
    The interim state Zimbabwe-Rhodesia, created on 1 June 1979, returns to colonial status and becomes the colony of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia.
    References:

  • Saturday, December 12, 1964
    A year after achieving independence from Britain, Kenya becomes a republic with Kenyatta, formerly prime minister, as president. ,
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  www.andibradley.com
    •  africanhistory.about.com

  • Friday, December 12, 1975
    The Christian Institute appeals to the Prime Minister, John Vorster, asking him to reconsider the withdrawal or confiscation of the passports of six of their leaders, including that of Dr. Beyers Naude.

  • Thursday, December 12, 1963
    Mishack Mkhabela, S.A sculptor, is born in Ka-Bokweni, Transvaal.
    References:
    • Rankin: Images of Wood, p. 131

  • Wednesday, December 12, 1962
    A police patrol, out to investigate an assassination attempt in the Transkei, are attacked by a gang of about sixty Poqo members. Seven attackers are shot dead and three constables seriously injured.
    References:
    • Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1979). Geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika; verwerk en bygewerk deur D.W. Kruger; 3de bygewerkte uitg., Goodwood, Cape Town: NASOU, p. 599.

  • Thursday, December 12, 1963
    Kenya becomes an independent state within the Commonwealth with Jomo Kenyatta as prime minister. ,
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  www.kidsturncentral.com
    •  www.andibradley.com

  • Saturday, December 12, 1959
    Laurie Nathan, national organiser of the End Conscription Campaign, 1984-86, is born in Sea Point, Cape Town.
    References:
    • Gastrow: Who's Who in South African Politics

  • Tuesday, December 12, 1961
    Dr. Verwoerd tells the union Council of Coloured Affairs that the Council will be transformed into a Coloured 'Parliament' with a 'Cabinet', initially of four members, within the framework of a ten-year plan for the development towards self-determination of the Cape Coloured population.

  • Thursday, December 12, 1929
    Harry Stratford Caldecott (43), SA art painter, dies in Wynberg, Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000.) Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.

  • Friday, December 12, 1919
    Benjamin Magson Kies, political activist and jurist who vehemently opposed White supremacy and colonialism, is born in Woodstock, Cape Town.
    References:
    • Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) New Dictionary of South African Biography, v. 2.

  • Friday, December 12, 1924
    Spanish troops are pushed out of Morocco by Abd el Krim. africanhistory.about.com

  • Saturday, December 12, 1914
    Denis Warburton Begbie, SA cricket player in five tests (1947-1950), is born in Middelburg, Eastern Transvaal.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, December 12, 1904
    James Alexander Joseph Christy, SA cricket player in ten tests, is born in Pretoria.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, December 12, 1909
    Rosa Sophia Cornelia Nepgen, SA composer and wife of poet W.E.G. Louw, is born in Barkly-East, Eastern Cape.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, December 12, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Britain announces in London that more than 11 000 British soldiers have already been killed.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, December 12, 1899
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Winston Churchill climbs over the yard wall of the State Model School in Pretoria where he has been imprisoned and walks to the Eastern railway line where he jumps a train to Lourenço Marques.
    References:
    • Cloete, P.G. (2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa
    •  Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, December 12, 1899
    Anglo-Boer War 2: The Battle of Magersfontein continues. At about midday the British retire to their camp at Modder River.
    References:
    • Cloete, P.G. (2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa.

  • Thursday, December 12, 1889
    Dr Sydney Arnold Skaife, founder member of the Cape Nature Conservation Association and author under the name of Hendrik Brand, is born in London.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, December 12, 1884
    Dr Geoffrey Hare Clayton, archbishop of Cape Town, is born in Leicester, England.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 3, p. 256.

  • Friday, December 12, 1862
    Prof. Jan Kamp, literary critic and editor of Het Westen, is born in the Netherlands.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, December 12, 1877
    Nicolaas Claassen Rautenbach, Boer soldier who was executed in 1901 by the British because he had stolen fourteen donkeys and some ammunition from them, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, December 12, 2011
    National Day of Kenya. ,
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  www.kidsturncentral.com

  • Saturday, December 12, 1767
    Lord Charles Henry Somerset, governor of the Cape, is born in Badminton, England.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, December 12, 1776
    On his last voyage of discovery in the Resolution and the Discovery, Capt. James Cook finds a group of islands, which he named the Prince Edward Islands, comprising of Marion Island and Prince Edward Island. He was unaware of the fact that French discoverer Du Fresne had already discovered and named them.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 7, p. 205