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Monday, August 14, 1944

Charles van Onselen was born on 14 August 1944, in the South African town of Boksburg, Gauteng (then Transvaal).[i] van Onselen has become one of the most widely respected South African historians, whose work is widely published, both nationally and internationally.

This article was produced by South African History Online on 08-Mar-2016

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Saturday, August 14, 2004
    Germany apologises for the massacre of some 65 000 Hereros in South-West Africa (Namibia) by their soldiers during the 1904 rebellion, but rules out compensation.
    References:
    • BBC, (2004). 'Key Dates', Focus on Africa, October to December, v. 15 no. 4, p. 8

  • Saturday, August 14, 2004
    The first of the four Old Mutual Soweto Marathon Schools Challenge races takes place at Kagiso, in Soweto, with close to 1 500 children taking part from thirteen schools in the area.
  • Saturday, August 14, 2004
    The Springboks beat the All Blacks in the Vodacom Tri-Nations match 40-26 at a packed Ellis Park, perhaps inspired by the attendance of former president Mandela.
    References:

  • Saturday, August 14, 2004
    Former president F.W. de Klerk announces his decision to leave the New National Party because, joining the ANC as was decided by its Federal Council, it will not be able to disagree publicly with government in future.
    References:
    • SABC. News Bulletin

  • Saturday, August 14, 1999
    Jannie Gildenhuys (70), well-known SA TV and stage actor, dies in Heidelberg, Western Cape.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, August 14, 1999
    A flying instructor for microlight aircrafts, Willem Bester, and his pupil, L.P. van der Merwe, die when their craft crashes on the farm Wydekloof in the Cold Bokkeveld.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, August 14, 1999
    The SA rugby team wins their last Tri-Nations match of the season against Australia 10-9 in Newlands, Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, August 14, 1999
    The first branch of the Afrikaanse Taalen Kultuurvereniging is founded in Soweto, with Elliot Mashinini as chairman.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, August 14, 1997
    In Kenya 200 raiders attacks the police station in Likoni, Mombasa. Prisoners are freed; six police officers and seven civilians are killed. The violent attackers steel rifles and ammunition. In the following weeks horror rules on the coast with massacres and ethnic violence. Many people are on the run.
    References:

  • Saturday, August 14, 1993
    The SA rugby team loses the second test against Australia 20-28 in Brisbane.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, August 14, 1991
    Florence Tshuku and her children Lundi, Mncedisi, Abigail and Edward Gebe, are killed when their home is attacked and burnt.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 253.

  • Wednesday, August 14, 1991
    The chauffeur of Chief Mhlabunzima, who was a witness at the inquest into the Chief's death, is killed in the Natal Midlands.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 253.

  • Wednesday, August 14, 1991
    Israel lifts sanctions but retains a ban on new arms contracts with SA.
    References:
    • Pretoria News, 14 August 2003, Today in history

  • Wednesday, August 14, 1991
    The United Democratic Front (UDF), having decided in March 1991 that the organisation should disband, holds its final meeting in Johannesburg.
    References:

  • Tuesday, August 14, 1990
    Twenty-four residents are killed in a pre-dawn attack on Crossroads squatter camp.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 266.

  • Monday, August 14, 1989
    President Pieter Willem Botha resigns as South Africa's State President.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood
    •  https://africanhistory.about.com/

  • Sunday, August 14, 1988
    City Press reports that Wonke Maqubela and Neliswa Dyandyi, accused in a necklace trial in Stutterheim, Eastern Cape, who were found guilty of public violence in July, were each sentenced to five years' imprisonment, three of which were conditionally suspended for five years. Eight others were acquitted on all charges. The trial followed after the necklace murder of N. Magala on 14 November 1985.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 577
    • South African History Online, City Press reports that Wonke Maqubela and Neliswa Dyandyi, accused in a necklace trial in Stutterheim, Eastern Cape, [online], Available at www.sahistory.org.za,[Accessed: 21 August 2013]

  • Sunday, August 14, 1988
    Nelson Mandela is admitted to the Tygerberg hospital, suffering from a lung ailment, later diagnosed as tuberculosis.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Friday, August 14, 1987
    Reverend Allan Hendricks, a cabinet minister, resigns from government.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Friday, August 14, 1981
    Co-operation and Development Minister, Piet Koornhof, states that uncontrolled squatting cannot be tolerated, and will not be allowed in the interests of the squatters themselves.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Monday, August 14, 1978
    World Conference to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination, Geneva, starts.
  • Thursday, August 14, 1975
    The Afrikaanse Taalmuseum, also known as the Gideon Malherbe Museum in Pastorie Avenue, Paarl,is officially opened.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, August 14, 1974
    Raymond Francis (Ray) Budd, SA trade unionist who also played a role internationally, dies in Tonbridge, London, England.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Wednesday, August 14, 1974
    A sharp increase in defence expenditure is announced.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Wednesday, August 14, 1968
    Over 200 students at the University of Cape Town embark on a "sit in" to protest against government intervention that forced the university to rescind on the appointment of Archie Mafeje (a Black academic) as senior lecturer in the Department of African Studies. Over 1000 students and staff joined this protest and demanded non-government intervention regarding university appointments.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood; S.B. Hirson Year of Fire, Year of Ash, pp 69

  • Monday, August 14, 1961
    Henri Edouard Prosper Breuil (84), French archaeologist who did a lot of research with Dr Robert Broom in SA, dies in Paris.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, August 14, 1967
    Bosman de Kock (45), director of PACT for eight months, dies.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, August 14, 1961
    Norbert Sfiso Buthelezi, businessman and CEO of the National Gambling Board of SA since 1999, is born in Nquthu, Natal. He was arrested in 1984 and sent to Robben Island until his release in 1991. 
    References:
    • Hayes, S. (ed)(2000).  Who's Who of Southern Africa 2001 ..., Graighall: Jonathan Ball.

  • Sunday, August 14, 1960
    UN peace-keeping forces finally replace Belgian troops in the Republic of Congo.
  • Saturday, August 14, 1948
    The first countrywide association for Afrikaans students, the Afrikaanse Studentebond (ASB), is founded on initiative of the students of the University of Pretoria.
    References:
    • Swart: Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak

  • Tuesday, August 14, 1945
    WW 2: Japan surrenders unconditionally, bringing to an end a war in which millions of people, and many South Africans, were killed. The official signing of the document took place on 2 September.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://www.century-of-flight.net/
    •  https://www.andibradley.com/

  • Saturday, August 14, 1937
    The SA rugby team loses the first test in Wellington against New Zealand 7-13.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, August 14, 1909
    Jack Penn, sculptor and one of the world's best-known plastic and reconstruction surgeons, is born in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, August 14, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Boer snipers suddenly open fire on the massed troops of the Canadians of Strathcona's Horse, the first to enter Carolina, Eastern Transvaal.  A fierce fight ensues between the houses before the burghers escape.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Tuesday, August 14, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Boer General S.F. Oosthuizen dies of wounds received at Dwarsvlei on 11-07-1900.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Tuesday, August 14, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2:  End of the 'first De Wet hunt'. De Wet's entire force crosses the unoccupied Olifants Nek Pass near Rustenburg and camps on the banks of the Hex River.  He has achieved all his objectives: captured a train, inflicted losses on the enemy, increased his own numbers and managed to rest some of his burghers, while occupying the attention of 50 000 British troops.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Monday, August 14, 1899
    The memorandum of the negotiations between J.C. Smuts of the ZAR and Sir W. Conyngham Greene of Britain, concerning the franchise problem, is wired to London.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Wednesday, August 14, 1895
    The twentieth anniversary of the GRA (Genootskap van Regte Afrikaners) is celebrated and it is decided to hold the first Afrikaans language congress in January 1896.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, August 14, 1886
    Charles Frederick Morris Saint, first professor of surgery at the Medical school in Cape Town, is born in Northumberland, England. 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, August 14, 1882
    Cetewayo (Cetshwayo), king of Zululand, visits Queen Victoria of Britain.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, August 14, 1875
    The Genootskap van Regte Afrikaners (GRA) is founded in Paarl, as a direct outcome of the efforts by Pannevis to have the Bible translated into Afrikaans. The society was founded under the motto 'to stand for our Language, our Nation and our Country'.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 5, p. 148

  • Friday, August 14, 1812
    Willem Stephanus van Ryneveld (47), member of the Political Council, dies in Cape Town. 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau