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Monday, March 15, 1965

The prolonged hearing of the dispute over the constitutional position of South West Africa (now known as Namibia) was resumed by the International Court of Justice at The Hague. Extensive evidence was led on behalf of South Africa. On 21 March 1990, Namibia officially gained its independence from South Africa and was called The Republic of Namibia.

This article was produced by South African History Online on 08-Mar-2013

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Sunday, March 15, 2015
    The Minister of Public Services and Adiministration, Collins Chabane, died in a car crash. The fatal crash happened on the N1-26 between Mokopane and Polokwane at around 1am. He was buried in Xikundu village in Limpopo on 21 March 2015, Human rights day.
  • Tuesday, March 15, 2005
    News 24 reports that four top SANDF commanders are being investigated for sexual charges in the DRC by either the United Nations or the SANDF.  A South African National Defence Force battalion commander, who was allegedly involved in sexual misconduct while stationed in the Democratic Republic of Congo, will probably be returned to South Africa. The alleged misconduct includes drunkenness and fighting in Congolese nightclubs, promoting prostitution and sexual assault.
    References:

  • Saturday, March 15, 2003
    Rebels led by ousted army chief General Francois Bozize capture the Central African Republic's capital, Bangui, and the international airport while President Ange-Felix Patasse is out of the country. Bozize declares himself president.
    References:

  • Monday, March 15, 2004
    Awards for Consumer Champions.
    References:

  • Thursday, March 15, 2001
    The national department of transport launches the seven month Be Legal  campaign at the Jack Mincer Taxi Rank in Johannesburg, aiming to improve and legalise the taxi industry.
    References:
    • Burger, D. (ed)(2002). South Africa Yearbook 2001/02, Pretoria: GCIS, p. 561

  • Thursday, March 15, 1990
    Major cabinet portfolio changes are made to co-ordinate economic policy and constitutional negotiations.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Tuesday, March 15, 1994
    African National Congress president Nelson Mandela addresses a freedom rally in Mmabatho, Bophuthatswana, a week after the nominally independent territory was brought to a standstill by striking broadcast workers and civil servants. Thousands flock to be welcomed back into South Africa.
  • Friday, March 15, 1996
    The first provisional constitution is unanimously adopted by the KwaZulu-Natal legislature.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Saturday, March 15, 1997
    Zairian rebels take control of Kisangani, the last government stronghold in the east and Zaire's third largest city.
    References:

  • Tuesday, March 15, 1988
    Business Day reports that in the wake of a decision by the Student Representative Council (SRC) of the University of Pretoria not to grant the AWB formal status as a youth organisation on the campus, AWB youth members will continue with their activities and meet in residence rooms, according to the press secretary of the movement, P.W. Bingle.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 303

  • Tuesday, March 15, 1988
    Angola releases the bodies of two SA Defence Force commandos killed in a raid on Cabinda oil depots in 1985, and the SADF repatriates twelve captured MPLA soldiers.
    References:

  • Friday, March 15, 1985
    SAAN announces its decision to close the Rand Daily Mail at the end of April.
    References:

  • Tuesday, March 15, 1988
    Internal Security Amendment Act No 2, amending the 1979 Internal Security Act (RRS 1988/89: 58), commences.
  • Monday, March 15, 1982
    Evidence of the government's complicity in the abortive coup plot against the Seychelles' Socialist government, is taken in camera.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Thursday, March 15, 1979
    Dr. Rhoodie reiterates that he possesses documentary evidence of secret projects involving the transfer of funds to major political figures in several Western countries. He denies being guilty of any criminal offence.
  • Saturday, March 15, 1980
    The Prime Minister states that those who disagree with the government's 12-point strategy, accepted by all four National Party Provincial Congresses in 1979, and unanimously endorsed by the Cabinet, do not belong within the National Party.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Thursday, March 15, 1979
    Four people, believed to be members of the ANC, are arrested in Gaborone, Botswana, and charged with the illegal possession of explosives and firearms. They receive sentences of from two to four-and-a-half years imprisonment.
  • Friday, March 15, 1974
    Two Bills conferring wide new security powers on the government are passed by Parliament. The Affected Organisations Act is intended to prevent such organisations from receiving financial support from overseas sources to achieve political objectives in South Africa. The Riotous Assemblies Amendment Act empowers the authorities to prohibit any public or private gathering of more than one person, whether lawful or unlawful, if it is thought to pose a threat to law and order. Both Acts are strongly opposed by the United Party and the Progressive Party.
  • Wednesday, March 15, 1978
    A Durban magistrate rules that no one is to blame for the death of a young Indian dentist, Dr. Hoosen Haffejee, who died in police custody in August 1977. It is found that he committed suicide.
  • Thursday, March 15, 1973
    The astronomical observatory at Sutherland in the Karoo is opened.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, March 15, 1974
    The creation of a community of separate and sovereign states is laid down as the official policy of the National Party in its election manifesto. Simultaneously it rejects absolutely a federal system.
  • Friday, March 15, 1963
    The Defence Minister, J.J. Fouché, gives the Senate details of South Africa's defence programme and replies to statements made by Harold Wilson on the British Labour Party's attitude to arms supplies to South Africa.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Monday, March 15, 1948
    The South African Indian Organisation is formed at a conference in Durban.
  • Wednesday, March 15, 1961
    Following strong opposition in the Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers, Dr. Verwoerd announces the withdrawal of South Africa from the Commonwealth "in the interests of South Africa's honour and dignity".
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 3, p. 357.
    •  https://www.sahistory.org.za/

  • Thursday, March 15, 1962
    Deon Opperman, South African dramatist, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, March 15, 1946
    The Asiatic Land Tenure and Indian Representation Bill is introduced in House of Assembly. The Bill prohibits Indians to buy any more land in White areas and gives Indians their own representatives in the Senate, House of Assembly and Natal Provincial Council. It was passed in June, 1946.
    References:
    • Muller, C.F.J. (ed)(1981). Five Hundred years: a history of South Africa; 3rd rev. ed., Pretoria: Academica, p. 459.
    •  https://www.sahistory.org.za/

  • Wednesday, March 15, 1922
    Samuel Alfred (Taffy) Long, heralded by subsequent labour histories as one of SA's greatest working-class martyrs, is arrested after the defeat of Fordsburg (Rand Revolt). He is charged with murder and later also with high treason and the possession of loot.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Wednesday, March 15, 1922
    The artillery bombards the strikers' stronghold at Fordsburg Square during the Rand Revolt and it falls to the government. Before presumably committing suicide in this building, the two communist leaders, Fisher and Spendiff, left a joint note: 'We died for what we believed in the Cause'.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://www.sahistory.org.za/

  • Wednesday, March 15, 1905
    Lord Alfred Milner lays the foundation stone of the Presbyterian Church St. Andrew in Germiston.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, March 15, 1903
    British conquest of northern Nigeria is complete.
    References:

  • Wednesday, March 15, 1905
    Lord Selborne (William Waldegrave Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selbourne) is appointed High Commissioner for South Africa in succession to Lord Milner. He assumed duty in April 1905.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 9, p. 578
    •  https://www.news24.co.za

  • Thursday, March 15, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Lord Roberts issues his first proclamation, offering amnesty to burghers, except for the leaders.
    References:
    • Cloete, P.G. (2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa.

  • Tuesday, March 15, 1881
    Josephus Johannes Kuhn, versifier of the first Afrikaans Psalms, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, March 15, 1887
    P.J. van der Merwe, writer of the book "Ons halfeeu in Angola 1880-1928" is born on the farm Die Hoek near Humpata, Angola. (Strydom, C.J. Scheepers (comp.) Afrikaners in die vreemde, Kaapstad: Tafelberg.)

  • Thursday, March 15, 1894
    France and Germany agree on boundaries between French Congo and Cameroons. 
    References:

  • Thursday, March 15, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Lord Salisbury, British premier, rejects the offer of Pres. McKinley of America to act as mediator in the war.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, March 15, 1849
    Diocesan College School (also known as Bishop's) is founded by Bishop Robert Gray in Rondebosch, Cape Town, with six learners.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, March 15, 1874
    Willem Postma (Dr O'Kullis), writer, teacher and minister of the Reformed Church, is born in Burgersdorp, CC.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, March 15, 1844
    De Natalier, Natal's first newspaper, appears on this day. 
    References:

  • Sunday, March 15, 1840
    The Church of the Vow in Pietermaritzburg is consecrated and Erasmus Smit is inducted as its first minister.
    References:

  • Monday, March 15, 1841
    John X Merriman, future prime minister of the Cape Colony, is born in Somerset, England.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 7, p. 339

  • Thursday, March 15, 1810
    Stephanus Schoeman, colourful figure in Transvaal history and commander-in-chief of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, is born near Oudtshoorn.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, March 15, 1827
    Jan Stephanus de Villiers, organist and first South African composer of importance, is born in Paarl.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Swart, M.J., et al. (eds)(1980). Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak Aucklandpark: Federasie van Afrikaanse Kultuurvereniginge.

  • Friday, March 15, 1771
    Sir Joseph Banks, zoologist and botanist, describes the Kompanjiestuin and small zoo at the Cape in his diary.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau