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Thursday, March 16, 2017

Zwelethu Mthethwa, an internationally known South African artist, was found guilty on 16 March 2017 at the Western Cape High Court of murdering Nokuphila Kumalo, a young sex worker, aged 23, on the 13th of April 2013, in Woodstock, Cape Town.  Judge Patricia Goliath sentenced Mthethwa with intent in the form of dolus eventualis, meaning Mthethwa foresaw the probability of his act causing death, and nevertheless persisted.

This article was produced by South African History Online on 03-May-2017

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Tuesday, March 16, 2004
    The former United States of America (US) Ambassador to South Africa, Mr Cameron Hume, hands over specialised anti-terrorism equipment to the SAPS. The equipment, ­ aimed at dealing with biological, chemical and nuclear attacks, ­ forms part of a five-year US State Department anti-terrorism assistance training programme worth about US$13 million.
    References:

  • Tuesday, March 16, 2004
    Zimbabwe charges sixty-nine suspected mercenaries with conspiring to murder Nguema of Equatorial Guinea.
    References:
    • (2005). The financier, the plotter and the mercenary, The Star, 14 January, p. 13.

  • Wednesday, March 16, 2005
    Former Labour Party leader and later African National Congress MP, Reverend Allan Hendrickse dies. In June 2004 he was awarded the Order of the Baobab (silver class) for his "lifetime contribution to the struggle against apartheid and for the establishment of a free and democratic South Africa"....
    References:

  • Monday, March 16, 1998
    Rwanda, with 125 000 suspects for 500 000 murders, begins mass trials for the country's 1994 genocide.
    References:

  • Wednesday, March 16, 1994
    The Transitional Executive Council unveils South Africa's new "interim" national flag and says Die Stem and Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika will be joint national anthems.
    References:

  • Friday, March 16, 1990
    It is announced that talks between Government officials and an ANC delegation led by Nelson Mandela will open in Cape Town on 11 April. The talks are intended to discuss obstacles to the process of negotiations.
  • Wednesday, March 16, 1988
    A motor bomb explodes outside the magistrate's court in Krugersdorp, killing two army members and a civilian, and injuring twenty people.  It was later revealed that Mohammed Iqbal Shaik had placed the motor bomb. Shaik was granted amnesty by the TRC in January 2000. This date is given as 17 March 1988 in other sources.
    References:

  • Wednesday, March 16, 1988
    Archbishop Tutu confers with State President P.W. Botha in an attempt to move him to commute the death sentences imposed on the 'Sharpeville Six', but is accused by Botha of being a tool of the ANC and SACP.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 717

  • Monday, March 16, 1987
    The International Commission of Jurists states in its report that security forces are torturing children.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, March 16, 1984
    Prime Minister P.W. Botha and President Samora Machel of Mozambique sign the Nkomati Accord at the common border on the banks of the Komati River a step hailed as a major move towards peace, stability and international co-operation in Southern Africa. 
    References:
    • Bute & Harmer: The Black Handbook
    •  https://www.news24.com

  • Wednesday, March 16, 1983
    In elections to the 100-member Lebowa National Assembly, Dr. Phatudi's ruling Lebowa People's Party wins more than three-quarters of the forty elective seats.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, March 16, 1979
    A warrant is issued for Dr Rhoodie's arrest on a charge of fraud, with an alternative charge of theft.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, March 16, 1979
    The terms of reference of the Erasmus Commission are extended to investigate and evaluate, by 31 March 1979, the government's political culpability. The Prime Minister also authorises the appointment, from 1 June 1979, of an Advocate-General who will investigate and report to Parliament on any allegation, supported by a sworn affidavit, of corruption or malpractices by the government.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, March 16, 1979
    Dr. Connie Mulder, leader of the recently formed Nasionale Konservatiewe Party (NKP), foresees a new political alliance bringing to power a conservative government.
  • Wednesday, March 16, 1966
    Martha Helena Cillié, teacher and headmistress whose greatest achievement was her contribution to the education of girls and to teacher training over a period of more than thirty years, dies in Somerset West, Western Cape.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Thursday, March 16, 1972
    The Head of the Security Police, General Venter, reports that nobody is still being held incommunicado under the Terrorism Act, and that all those people detained by the Security Police have now been released. However, investigations continue.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, March 16, 1973
    Jan Ellis, SA actor, is born in Belville, Cape.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, March 16, 1960
    Nicolaas Jacobus de Wet, politician and Chief Justice of the Union of South Africa, dies in Pretoria.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 4, p. 12

  • Monday, March 16, 1959
    Tito Mboweni, President of the SA Reserve Bank, is born in Tzaneen.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://www.anc.org.za/

  • Sunday, March 16, 1947
    Prof. Izak Daniël Bosman (50), professor of history at the University of Pretoria, dies in Pretoria.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 2, p. 432
    •  Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1972). Dictionary of South African Biography, Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council, v. 3.

  • Friday, March 16, 1956
    Riotous Assemblies Act No 17 commences: Prohibits gatherings in open-air public places if the Minister of Justice considers that they could endanger the public peace. Also includes banishment as a form of punishment (Dugard 1978: 137). Repealed in part by Internal Security Act No 74 of 1982.
  • Tuesday, March 16, 1915
    Helena Dorothea Strauss, singer, choir director and music teacher, is born on the farm "Terugkeer" in Wepener district, OFS.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Tuesday, March 16, 1920
    Alba Bouwer, South African author, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, March 16, 1922
    Britain recognises Kingdom of Egypt under Fuad I, with joint Anglo-Egyptian sovereignty over Sudan.
    References:

  • Wednesday, March 16, 1892
    James Sebe Moroka, medical doctor, landowner and politician who was elected president-general of the ANC in 1949, is born in Thaba Nchu, OFS.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Thursday, March 16, 1871
    Dr Hans Merensky, discoverer of tin near Pretoria, platinum near Lydenburg, diamonds at Alexander Bay, chromium at Pietersburg and phosphate at Phalaborwa, is born at Botshabelo, near Middelburg, eastern Transvaal.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, March 16, 1856
    Eugene Louis Jean Joseph Napoleon, the Prince Imperial of France is born in Paris, France. He was killed in Zululand in the Anglo-Zulu War in 1879.
    References:
    • Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1972). Dictionary of South African Biography, Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council, v. 3, p. 650

  • Tuesday, March 16, 1869
    Sen. William (Willie) Angus Hofmeyr, businessman and cultural leader, is born in Montagu, CC.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, March 16, 1852
    Hendrik Potgieter and Andries Pretorius are reconciled at a meeting of the Volksraad in Rustenburg.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, March 16, 1717
    Ernst Frederik de Swart opens the first coffee house in the Cape when permission is granted to him to serve refreshments to passengers on ships in his house.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, March 16, 1657
    Jan Wouters is found guilty in court in the Cape for "blasphemous libels on Cape ladies" and is sentenced to beg their pardon on his knees, to have his tongue "bored through", to forfeit his wages, and to be banished for three years.
    References:

  • Thursday, March 16, 1713
    25% of the White population in the Cape die of smallpox. Hardest hit are the indigenous Khoisan people. 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://www.sahistory.org.za/

  • Thursday, March 16, 1561
    The Jesuit, Gonçalo da Silveira, first missionary in Southern Africa and first martyr of the Christian faith, is murdered in the interior. He began his mission work at Sofala, Mozambique.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 7, p. 462