This Day in History

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Monday, July 16, 1990

The African National Congress (ANC) sent a report on police violence to President F. W. de Klerk and demanded an end to "the shocking inhumanity" of police action in rural areas. The report was based on about 50 statements to lawyers by victims of police action in the farming towns of Ashton, Montague and Robertson.

This article was produced by South African History Online on 12-Jul-2013

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Sunday, July 16, 2006
    Maluleke George, the deputy defence minister, attends the 90th commemoration of the Battle of Delville Wood in France. During the ceremony, a new South African coat of arms is unveiled at the South African memorial on the site. The names of Black members of the South African Labour Corps who died at Arques-la-Bataille and those who perished on board the SAS Mendi are also unveiled at the museum.
  • Sunday, July 16, 2006
    The first of South Africa's fleet of Gripen aircraft ordered to re-equip the SA National Defence Force is transported by road to Ysterplaat Air Force Base from Cape Town Harbour.
  • Wednesday, July 16, 1997
    A diesel train carrying 1 140-ton diesel derails and explodes in Swartruggens, North West Province.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, July 16, 1994
    IFP political director, Ziba Jiyane, is appointed secretary-general of the party at its annual general conference in Ulundi.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, July 16, 1994
    The IFP releases its new constitution at its annual general conference held in Ulundi.

  • Thursday, July 16, 1992
    The Security Council unanimously adopts resolution 765(1992). Pursuant to that resolution, the Secretary-General appointed a Special Representative, Mr. Cyrus Vance, to recommend measures to assist in bringing an effective end to the violence and in creating conditions for negotiations to resume. 

  • Monday, July 16, 1990
    The SA government transfers R2bn to the Independent Development Trust to 'overcome the backlog in the socio-economic development' of Africans.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. lxxv

  • Monday, July 16, 1990
    The ANC sent a report on police violence to President F. W. de Klerk and demanded an end violent police action.

  • Sunday, July 16, 1989
    Nothembu Grace Millicent, social worker and community leader, dies in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) (1999). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.2, Pretoria: Vista.

  • Sunday, July 16, 1989
    South Africa's largest labour federation, the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU), held its annual congress from 12-16 July at which it adopted several resolutions, including calling on its members and supporters to join a campaign of "sustained action" against apartheid in the week before the country's general elections on 6 September.

  • Monday, July 16, 1984
    Supreme Court Act No 2, providing for the separation of the Ciskei judiciary from South Africa, commences.

  • Friday, July 16, 1982
    Charles Robberts (Blackie) Swart, jurist, journalist, politician, farmer and first state president of SA, dies in Bloemfontein.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Thursday, July 16, 1981
    Joe Gqabi assassinated in Salisbury.

  • Wednesday, July 16, 1980
    The 'Committee of 81', representing all Coloured schools and colleges in the Western Cape, decides to end class boycotts.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Wednesday, July 16, 1980
    The 'Committee of 81', representing all Coloured schools and colleges in the Western Cape, decides to end class boycotts.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Monday, July 16, 1979
    The Secretary of Health announces that all senior doctors in the Public Service, irrespective of race, will in future receive equal salaries.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, July 16, 1977
    Soviet advisers are expelled from the Republic of Somali by orders of the president, Muhammad Siyad Barre.
  • Saturday, July 16, 1977
    Soviet advisers are expelled from the Republic of Somali by orders of the president, Muhammad Siyad Barre.
  • Monday, July 16, 1973
    Shaun MacLean Pollock, Springbok cricket player and son of the Springbok Peter Pollock, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, July 16, 1972
    The Council of the New Zealand Softball Association decides by seventeen votes to seven to invite a South African men's softball team to tour New Zealand in 1974-75.
    References:
    • Chronological Review of Developments Concerning Sports and Apartheid. SAHO

  • Sunday, July 16, 1972
    The Council of the New Zealand Softball Association decides by seventeen votes to seven to invite a South African men's softball team to tour New Zealand in 1974-75.
    References:
    • Chronological Review of Developments Concerning Sports and Apartheid. SAHO

  • Sunday, July 16, 1967
    Europeans and Americans are reportedly fleeing Biafra, the oil rich eastern region of Nigeria, as more Nigerian Federal troops are sent into the area.
  • Sunday, July 16, 1967
    Europeans and Americans are reportedly fleeing Biafra, the oil rich eastern region of Nigeria, as more Nigerian Federal troops are sent into the area.
  • Tuesday, July 16, 1963
    Ivory Coast closes sea and airports to South Africa and Portugal.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Tuesday, July 16, 1963
    Ivory Coast closes sea and airports to South Africa and Portugal.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, July 16, 1949
    The SA rugby team beats New Zealand 15-11 on Newlands.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, July 16, 1947
    Roelf Meyer, former politician and NP negotiator at CODESA, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, July 16, 1947
    Roelf Meyer, former politician and NP negotiator at CODESA, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, July 16, 1947
    Horatio Isaiah Budlwana (Bud) Mbelle, interpreter, insurance agent, community leader and politician, dies in Pretoria. He was widely regarded as the best court interpreter of his day and was a talented rugby and cricket player who took the lead in the local African community sports activities.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Wednesday, July 16, 1947
    Horatio Isaiah Budlwana (Bud) Mbelle, interpreter, insurance agent, community leader and politician, dies in Pretoria. He was widely regarded as the best court interpreter of his day and was a talented rugby and cricket player who took the lead in the local African community sports activities.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Saturday, July 16, 1938
    Judge Ivan Curlewis (42) dies in the same year he was appointed judge of Transvaal.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, July 16, 1938
    Judge Ivan Curlewis (42) dies in the same year he was appointed judge of Transvaal.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, July 16, 1930
    Dolf van Niekerk, Springbok water skier, is born in Somerset West.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, July 16, 1925
    Sir Joseph Baynes (83), successful farmer and promoter of dairy farming and also SA minister of Lands and Works, dies in Ixopo, Natal.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, July 16, 1920
    Ronald Mylchreest, S.A sculptor, is born in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Rankin: Images of Wood, p. 137

  • Friday, July 16, 1920
    Ronald Mylchreest, S.A sculptor, is born in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Rankin: Images of Wood, p. 137

  • Sunday, July 16, 1916
    WW1: The South African brigade is called to capture Delville Wood in France in a fierce two-day battle.
  • Monday, July 16, 1906
    Alfred Beit (53), friend of Cecil John Rhodes and co-founder of De Beers Mining Company and Southern Rhodesia, dies.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, July 16, 1906
    Alfred Beit (53), friend of Cecil John Rhodes and co-founder of De Beers Mining Company and Southern Rhodesia, dies.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, July 16, 1901
    Anglo-Boer War 2. The British Colonial Office appoints a Ladies Commission to investigate the concentration camps in SA. The commission, whose members are reputed to be impartial, includes Mrs Millicent G. Fawcett who recently criticised Emily Hobhouse and Dr. Jane Waterson, daughter of a British general, who recently wrote against "the hysterical whining going on in England" while "we feed and pamper people who had not even the grace to say thank you for the care bestowed on them".
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Tuesday, July 16, 1901
    Anglo-Boer War 2 -In the Free State, Lieutenant-General E.L. Elliot's drive ends. At the cost of only three British casualties, the drive has resulted in three burghers killed and wounded, sixty-one prisoners, 7 000 horses, 7 000 cattle, 6 000 rounds of ammunition and 300 vehicles captured.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Tuesday, July 16, 1901
    Anglo-Boer War 2 -In the Free State, Lieutenant-General E.L. Elliot's drive ends. At the cost of only three British casualties, the drive has resulted in three burghers killed and wounded, sixty-one prisoners, 7 000 horses, 7 000 cattle, 6 000 rounds of ammunition and 300 vehicles captured.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Monday, July 16, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Lord Methuen reoccupies Rustenburg. This is the 3rd British occupation of the town.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Monday, July 16, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Lord Methuen reoccupies Rustenburg. This is the 3rd British occupation of the town.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Monday, July 16, 1900
    Three commandos under the newly appointed Combat General Viljoen, attack about 4 650 British soldiers with twenty field guns and 4-5 machine guns under General Hutton at Tierpoort, Rietvlei and Olifantsfontein, ZAR.  The burghers are supported by three field guns and two pom-poms, but they have to charge over open ground. Commandant-General Botha, who observes the Republican charge from a vantage point, later says he has never seen a braver and more determined attack. The heaviest resistance comes from the New Zealanders and Irish Fusiliers.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Monday, July 16, 1900
    Three commandos under the newly appointed Combat General Viljoen, attack about 4 650 British soldiers with twenty field guns and 4-5 machine guns under General Hutton at Tierpoort, Rietvlei and Olifantsfontein, ZAR.  The burghers are supported by three field guns and two pom-poms, but they have to charge over open ground. Commandant-General Botha, who observes the Republican charge from a vantage point, later says he has never seen a braver and more determined attack. The heaviest resistance comes from the New Zealanders and Irish Fusiliers.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Monday, July 16, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2 Start of the 'first De Wet hunt', when a two-pronged attack by Gens. Accurate Republican shelling repulses Paget and Broadwood on De Wet's rearguard.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Monday, July 16, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2 Start of the 'first De Wet hunt', when a two-pronged attack by Gens. Accurate Republican shelling repulses Paget and Broadwood on De Wet's rearguard.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Monday, July 16, 1685
    The visiting Dutch commissioner, Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede, gives several instructions to Gov. Simon van der Stel regarding improvement of conditions of slaves at the Cape.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, July 16, 2006
    Maluleke George, the deputy defence minister, attends the 90th commemoration of the Battle of Delville Wood in France. During the ceremony, a new South African coat of arms is unveiled at the South African memorial on the site. The names of Black members of the South African Labour Corps who died at Arques-la-Bataille and those who perished on board the SAS Mendi are also unveiled at the museum.
  • Sunday, July 16, 2006
    The first of South Africa's fleet of Gripen aircraft ordered to re-equip the SA National Defence Force is transported by road to Ysterplaat Air Force Base from Cape Town Harbour.
  • Wednesday, July 16, 1997
    A diesel train carrying 1 140-ton diesel derails and explodes in Swartruggens, North West Province.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, July 16, 1994
    IFP political director, Ziba Jiyane, is appointed secretary-general of the party at its annual general conference in Ulundi.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, July 16, 1994
    The IFP releases its new constitution at its annual general conference held in Ulundi.

  • Thursday, July 16, 1992
    The Security Council unanimously adopts resolution 765(1992). Pursuant to that resolution, the Secretary-General appointed a Special Representative, Mr. Cyrus Vance, to recommend measures to assist in bringing an effective end to the violence and in creating conditions for negotiations to resume. 

  • Monday, July 16, 1990
    The SA government transfers R2bn to the Independent Development Trust to 'overcome the backlog in the socio-economic development' of Africans.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. lxxv

  • Monday, July 16, 1990
    The ANC sent a report on police violence to President F. W. de Klerk and demanded an end violent police action.

  • Sunday, July 16, 1989
    Nothembu Grace Millicent, social worker and community leader, dies in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) (1999). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.2, Pretoria: Vista.

  • Sunday, July 16, 1989
    South Africa's largest labour federation, the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU), held its annual congress from 12-16 July at which it adopted several resolutions, including calling on its members and supporters to join a campaign of "sustained action" against apartheid in the week before the country's general elections on 6 September.

  • Monday, July 16, 1984
    Supreme Court Act No 2, providing for the separation of the Ciskei judiciary from South Africa, commences.

  • Friday, July 16, 1982
    Charles Robberts (Blackie) Swart, jurist, journalist, politician, farmer and first state president of SA, dies in Bloemfontein.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Thursday, July 16, 1981
    Joe Gqabi assassinated in Salisbury.

  • Wednesday, July 16, 1980
    The 'Committee of 81', representing all Coloured schools and colleges in the Western Cape, decides to end class boycotts.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Monday, July 16, 1979
    The Secretary of Health announces that all senior doctors in the Public Service, irrespective of race, will in future receive equal salaries.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, July 16, 1977
    Soviet advisers are expelled from the Republic of Somali by orders of the president, Muhammad Siyad Barre.
  • Monday, July 16, 1973
    Shaun MacLean Pollock, Springbok cricket player and son of the Springbok Peter Pollock, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Sunday, July 16, 1972
    The Council of the New Zealand Softball Association decides by seventeen votes to seven to invite a South African men's softball team to tour New Zealand in 1974-75.
    References:
    • Chronological Review of Developments Concerning Sports and Apartheid. SAHO

  • Sunday, July 16, 1967
    Europeans and Americans are reportedly fleeing Biafra, the oil rich eastern region of Nigeria, as more Nigerian Federal troops are sent into the area.
  • Tuesday, July 16, 1963
    Ivory Coast closes sea and airports to South Africa and Portugal.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, July 16, 1949
    The SA rugby team beats New Zealand 15-11 on Newlands.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, July 16, 1947
    Roelf Meyer, former politician and NP negotiator at CODESA, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, July 16, 1947
    Horatio Isaiah Budlwana (Bud) Mbelle, interpreter, insurance agent, community leader and politician, dies in Pretoria. He was widely regarded as the best court interpreter of his day and was a talented rugby and cricket player who took the lead in the local African community sports activities.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Saturday, July 16, 1938
    Judge Ivan Curlewis (42) dies in the same year he was appointed judge of Transvaal.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, July 16, 1930
    Dolf van Niekerk, Springbok water skier, is born in Somerset West.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, July 16, 1920
    Ronald Mylchreest, S.A sculptor, is born in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • Rankin: Images of Wood, p. 137

  • Sunday, July 16, 1916
    WW1: The South African brigade is called to capture Delville Wood in France in a fierce two-day battle.
  • Monday, July 16, 1906
    Alfred Beit (53), friend of Cecil John Rhodes and co-founder of De Beers Mining Company and Southern Rhodesia, dies.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Tuesday, July 16, 1901
    Anglo-Boer War 2 -In the Free State, Lieutenant-General E.L. Elliot's drive ends. At the cost of only three British casualties, the drive has resulted in three burghers killed and wounded, sixty-one prisoners, 7 000 horses, 7 000 cattle, 6 000 rounds of ammunition and 300 vehicles captured.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Tuesday, July 16, 1901
    Anglo-Boer War 2. The British Colonial Office appoints a Ladies Commission to investigate the concentration camps in SA. The commission, whose members are reputed to be impartial, includes Mrs Millicent G. Fawcett who recently criticised Emily Hobhouse and Dr. Jane Waterson, daughter of a British general, who recently wrote against "the hysterical whining going on in England" while "we feed and pamper people who had not even the grace to say thank you for the care bestowed on them".
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Monday, July 16, 1900
    Three commandos under the newly appointed Combat General Viljoen, attack about 4 650 British soldiers with twenty field guns and 4-5 machine guns under General Hutton at Tierpoort, Rietvlei and Olifantsfontein, ZAR.  The burghers are supported by three field guns and two pom-poms, but they have to charge over open ground. Commandant-General Botha, who observes the Republican charge from a vantage point, later says he has never seen a braver and more determined attack. The heaviest resistance comes from the New Zealanders and Irish Fusiliers.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Monday, July 16, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2: Lord Methuen reoccupies Rustenburg. This is the 3rd British occupation of the town.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Monday, July 16, 1685
    The visiting Dutch commissioner, Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede, gives several instructions to Gov. Simon van der Stel regarding improvement of conditions of slaves at the Cape.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, July 16, 1900
    Anglo-Boer War 2 Start of the 'first De Wet hunt', when a two-pronged attack by Gens. Accurate Republican shelling repulses Paget and Broadwood on De Wet's rearguard.
    References:
    • Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology

  • Sunday, July 16, 2006
    Maluleke George, the deputy defence minister, attends the 90th commemoration of the Battle of Delville Wood in France. During the ceremony, a new South African coat of arms is unveiled at the South African memorial on the site. The names of Black members of the South African Labour Corps who died at Arques-la-Bataille and those who perished on board the SAS Mendi are also unveiled at the museum.
  • Sunday, July 16, 2006
    The first of South Africa's fleet of Gripen aircraft ordered to re-equip the SA National Defence Force is transported by road to Ysterplaat Air Force Base from Cape Town Harbour.
  • Wednesday, July 16, 1997
    A diesel train carrying 1 140-ton diesel derails and explodes in Swartruggens, North West Province.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, July 16, 1994
    IFP political director, Ziba Jiyane, is appointed secretary-general of the party at its annual general conference in Ulundi.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, July 16, 1994
    The IFP releases its new constitution at its annual general conference held in Ulundi.

  • Thursday, July 16, 1992
    Bernard Mafiyeka, NUMSA shop steward, is gunned down by one of a group of four men as he is walking to work.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 255.

  • Thursday, July 16, 1992
    The Security Council unanimously adopts resolution 765(1992). Pursuant to that resolution, the Secretary-General appointed a Special Representative, Mr. Cyrus Vance, to recommend measures to assist in bringing an effective end to the violence and in creating conditions for negotiations to resume. 

  • Monday, July 16, 1990
    The SA government transfers R2bn to the Independent Development Trust to 'overcome the backlog in the socio-economic development' of Africans.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. lxxv

  • Monday, July 16, 1990
    The ANC sent a report on police violence to President F. W. de Klerk and demanded an end violent police action.

  • Sunday, July 16, 1989
    Nothembu Grace Millicent, social worker and community leader, dies in Cape Town.
    References:
    • Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) (1999). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.2, Pretoria: Vista.

  • Sunday, July 16, 1989
    South Africa's largest labour federation, the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU), held its annual congress from 12-16 July at which it adopted several resolutions, including calling on its members and supporters to join a campaign of "sustained action" against apartheid in the week before the country's general elections on 6 September.

  • Monday, July 16, 1984
    Supreme Court Act No 2, providing for the separation of the Ciskei judiciary from South Africa, commences.

  • Friday, July 16, 1982
    Charles Robberts (Blackie) Swart, jurist, journalist, politician, farmer and first state president of SA, dies in Bloemfontein.
    References:
    • Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.

  • Thursday, July 16, 1981
    Joe Gqabi assassinated in Salisbury.

  • Wednesday, July 16, 1980
    The 'Committee of 81', representing all Coloured schools and colleges in the Western Cape, decides to end class boycotts.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Monday, July 16, 1979
    The Secretary of Health announces that all senior doctors in the Public Service, irrespective of race, will in future receive equal salaries.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

  • Saturday, July 16, 1977
    Soviet advisers are expelled from the Republic of Somali by orders of the president, Muhammad Siyad Barre.