This Day in History

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Wednesday, October 19, 1977
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The editor of The World and Weekend World, Percy Qoboza and his deputy, Aggrey Klaaste were arrested by the Special Branch police in a mission to shut down the two Black publications. Qoboza and Klaaste spent five months in solitary confinement after being led straight to their cells - in their suits and ties - from the newspapers' building.

Journalists such as Mathatha Tsedu, Joe Tlholoe, Don Materra and many others were detained and handed down 5 year banning orders upon their release. 

This article was produced by South African History Online on 17-Oct-2013

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Thursday, October 19, 2006
    News 24 reports that following the departure of Nobel laureate JM Coetzee to Australia, authors such as Andre P Brink, Rian Malan and Christopher Hope have delivered searing indictments of the state of the nation, sickened by what they see as an inexorable decline towards corruption and lawlessness. The prose of these authors did much to expose the moral bankruptcy of apartheid, but they are severely disillusioned by the present situation in SA.
    References:

  • Thursday, October 19, 2006
    News 24 reports that following the departure of Nobel laureate JM Coetzee to Australia, authors such as Andre P Brink, Rian Malan and Christopher Hope have delivered searing indictments of the state of the nation, sickened by what they see as an inexorable decline towards corruption and lawlessness. The prose of these authors did much to expose the moral bankruptcy of apartheid, but they are severely disillusioned by the present situation in SA.
    References:

  • Wednesday, October 19, 2005
    The national prosecuting authority (NPA) rules that a fresh prosecution of Dr Wouter Basson, former chemical weapons expert, on the charges originally quashed by the Pretoria High Court is in law not permissible.  Basson was prosecuted and acquitted in the Pretoria High Court on charges including conspiracy to assassinate members of liberation movements, misappropriation of State funds and dealing in drugs. He had refused to apply for amnesty to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, maintaining that he did not need amnesty, since he was innocent.
    References:

  • Sunday, October 19, 2003
    The South African Competitions Commission finds two giant pharmaceutical companies, GlaxoSmithKline Kline South Africa and Bochringer Ingelheim guilty of abusing their document prices for their anti-retroviral drugs.
  • Sunday, October 19, 2003
    The South African Competitions Commission finds two giant pharmaceutical companies, GlaxoSmithKline Kline South Africa and Bochringer Ingelheim guilty of abusing their document prices for their anti-retroviral drugs.
  • Friday, October 19, 2001
    The Presidential AIDS Advisory Panel, which conducted the bulk of its work in 2000, identifies a number of potential areas for research and the first one is the study of HIV testing.
  • Sunday, October 19, 1997
    Kenyan police attack pro-democracy demonstrators in Nairobi with whips, clubs and tear gas, sending thousands of panicked protesters running.
    References:

  • Sunday, October 19, 1997
    Kenyan police attack pro-democracy demonstrators in Nairobi with whips, clubs and tear gas, sending thousands of panicked protesters running.
    References:

  • Monday, October 19, 1992
    African National Congress President Nelson Mandela acknowledges that prisoners in congress military camps had been tortured during the 1980s and early 1990s. The camps, located in other African countries, had been training sites during the congress's guerrilla war against the South African government.
    References:

  • Tuesday, October 19, 1993
    Political assassination: Michion Mkhize, IFP student leader at the University of Zululand, is stabbed to death.
    References:
    • Coleman, M. (ed) (1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee.

  • Friday, October 19, 1990
    President de Klerk's proposal to open the ranks of the National Party to all South Africans is accepted by the fourth and final provincial congress of the party.
  • Thursday, October 19, 1989
    Death Row prisoner Butana Almond Nofomela is granted a last minute stay of execution following his revelations that he and four other policemen were involved in the killing of human rights activist Griffiths Mxenge. (2004). Yesterdays, Pretoria News, 19 October.

  • Wednesday, October 19, 1988
    The one-year-old parliamentary opposition People Progressive Party (PPP) under the leadership of the former ANC member Rocky Malebane-Metsing is banned by President Lucas Mangope in Bophuthatswana.
    References:
    • Keesing's Records of World Events (1989) p, 36549
    •  https://hrw.org/

  • Wednesday, October 19, 1988
    Mohammed Valli Moosa, Murphy Morobe and Vusi Khanyile end their 37-day sit-in at the American Consulate-General in Johannesburg. They are assured by the authority that no steps will be taken against them.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Monday, October 19, 1987
    In 1987, world markets are enjoying a record-setting bull run, seemingly unbothered by occasional cocaine scandals or the arrest of Ivan Boesky. However, on October 19, panic selling sent the Dow into an unprecedented 508-point freefall. The market in SA also reacts.
  • Monday, October 19, 1987
    British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher criticises the ANC, calling it "a terrorist organisation".
    References:

  • Sunday, October 19, 1986
    President Samora Machel of Mozambique is killed in an air crash in eastern South Africa shortly after 21:00. Thirty-four people die in the disaster. 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://www.contrast.org/
    •  https://www.sahistory.org.za/

  • Monday, October 19, 1981
    Dorothy Fisher, SA's first female heart transplant patient, dies, twelve years after she had received her new heart.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, October 19, 1977
    The United States declares that the Carter Administration will be re-examining its relations with the South African government.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, October 19, 1977
    The Foreign Minister hands over a seventy-six room presidential palace, which cost an estimated R1 .8 m. to build, to Transkei Head of State, Chief Botha Sigcau as a gift from the Pretoria government.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, October 19, 1977
    Emergency powers are proclaimed by the government of Venda.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Wednesday, October 19, 1977
    Police jail dozens of government opponents not previously detained, including The World's editor, Percy Qoboza. Banning orders are issued to Beyers Naude and Donald Woods, two prominent Whites who had publicly supported Steve Biko and the Black Consciousness Movement. Justice minister, Jimmy Kruger place bans on more than seventeen Black organisations. (2004). Yesterdays, Pretoria News, 19 October. 
  • Wednesday, October 19, 1977
    Two newspapers, the World and the Weekend World are banned. This day was later commemorated by journalists country-wide as national Press Day.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 233

  • Wednesday, October 19, 1977
    Black Solidarity Day.
  • Friday, October 19, 1973
    KwaZulu: Medium of Instruction and Language Act No 5 commences.
  • Sunday, October 19, 1969
    The Progressive Party decides to fight the election in opposition to the government's policy of separate development.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Tuesday, October 19, 1965
    New electoral divisions are defined and plans are open for inspection. 160 electoral divisions are provided for the House of Assembly an increase of ten and in addition there will be six for South West Africa and four for Cape Coloured voters.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, October 19, 1962
    The office of the Minister of Agricultural Economics and Marketing is damaged by an explosion in Pretoria.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds) (1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Tuesday, October 19, 1954
    Britain and Egypt sign Suez Canal agreement. British will withdraw troops over next twenty months.
  • Friday, October 19, 1951
    British troops seize Suez canal zone in a swift dawn raid.
  • Friday, October 19, 1951
    Sita Gandhi, her mother Sushila and father Manilal stage a sit-in in the 'whites only" reading room, defying the segregationist policy of the Durban City Council. (Sita Gandhi biography).
  • Monday, October 19, 1925
    Discovery of sea-shells in Algeria proves that the Sahara was once partially submerged.
  • Thursday, October 19, 1922
    Elsabé Antoinette Murray Steytler (Elsa Joubert), SA author and winner of several awards, is born in Paarl, CP.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, October 19, 1907
    Erik Holm, professor of entomology at the University of Pretoria and expert in archaeology, is born in Bethulie, OFS. 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, October 19, 1905
    Herman Arnold Ameshoff (45), judge of the ZAR, dies in Paris.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, October 19, 1904
    The first branch of the Suid-Afrikaanse Vrouefederasie (SAVF), a women's welfare and cultural organisation which comes into being as a result of the dire circumstances after Anglo-Boer War 2, is founded in Pretoria, Transvaal, with Mrs Solomon and Annie Botha, wife of Gen. Louis Botha, attending.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds) (1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 10, p. 346
    •  ---, (2005). 'Pretoria 1855-2005: Chronologie 1798-1935', Bylaag tot Rekord.

  • Friday, October 19, 1827
    The Turkish-Egyptian fleet is conquered by the Anglo-French-Russian armada at Navarino.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://www.news24.com

  • Sunday, October 19, 1823
    Col. George Sackville Fraser, after whom Fraser's Camp, military outpost established by the British during the frontier war of 1819 was named, dies while in command on the frontier.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds) (1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 5, p. 30.

  • Sunday, October 19, 1687
    The first Dutch Reformed Church in Stellenbosch is consecrated.
    References:

  • Sunday, October 19, 1653
    Cattle-herd David Jansz is murdered at the Cape by a group of Strandlopers (a Khoi-Khoi tribe), led by interpreter Herry who takes off with almost all of the cattle.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://www.news24.com

  • Friday, October 19, 2012
    Press Freedom Day.
    References:
    • Burger, D. (ed) (2002). South Africa Yearbook 2001/02, Pretoria: GCIS, p. 111