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Monday, April 26, 1999
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On 26 April 1999, the CIH computer virus infected a large number of computers around the world with Korea bearing the brunt at over $250 million worth of damage. The virus became known as Chernobyl, so named because its outbreak coincided with the thirteenth anniversary of the Chernobyl reactor meltdown. It would infect the BIOS chip in a computer and render the whole device completely useless.

This article was produced by South African History Online on 19-Apr-2013

This Day in History Extra Dates
  • Monday, April 26, 2004
    The merger between Ashanti Goldfields and SA's Anglo-Gold, approved by the Ghanaian government on 29 October 2003, becomes effective.
  • Wednesday, April 26, 2000
    Hijackers seeking to draw attention to the economic and political strife in Ethiopia divert a passenger plane to Khartoum, Sudan. Hostages are released and the hijackers surrender after a nine-hour standoff.
    References:

  • Monday, April 26, 1999
    The Chernobyl computer virus, perhaps the most destructive so far, damages hundreds of thousands of computers around the world.
    References:

  • Sunday, April 26, 1998
    Wilma von Molendorff (36) dies after a shark attack off the coast of Mozambique.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, April 26, 1997
    Winnie Mandela, former wife of President Mandela, is overwhelmingly re-elected as president of the ANC's Women's League by 656 votes to 114 for her deputy Tandi Modise. Her victory reflects the level of grassroots support she continues to enjoy.
    References:
    • Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

  • Friday, April 26, 1996
    UNCTAD Conference (26 April – 11 May) starts in Johannesburg.
    References:
    • 

  • Tuesday, April 26, 1994
    South Africa's first all-race democratic elections (26-29 April) for the national assembly and provincial parliaments start.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  https://www.electionresources.org/
    •  https://www.andibradley.com/

  • Thursday, April 26, 1990
    Chief Minister Enos Mabuza of KaNgwane calls for the dissolution of the homeland's government at the opening of the second session of the 1990 legislative assembly, saying that serious attention was being given to phasing out the present assembly within a year.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 502

  • Tuesday, April 26, 1988
    The Star reports that a police sergeant was shot dead in Osizweni township at Newcastle, Natal, by a man armed with an AK-47 rifle.
    References:
    • South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 98

  • Friday, April 26, 1968
    The Ben Schoeman freeway between Johannesburg and Pretoria is opened.
    References:
    • ---, (2005). 'Pretoria 1855-2005: Chronologie 1798-1935', Bylaag tot Rekord.

  • Friday, April 26, 1968
    The Rajab brothers opens their second cinema, the Shiraz. The cinema was housed in the new Rajab Centre in Victoria Street, Durban.
  • Wednesday, April 26, 1961
    French Army rebels once again try to take power in Algeria.
  • Saturday, April 26, 1952
    Popo Molefe, former premier of the North West Province appointed in 1994, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, April 26, 1943
    WWII:  North Africa:  Access to the Tunisian plain is open to the Allies following the capture of Longstop Hill.
  • Saturday, April 26, 1941
    WWII: North Africa: Following the fall of the Halfaya Pass, three columns of Rommel's Deutsches Afrika Korps have crossed the border from Libya to Egypt.
  • Saturday, April 26, 1941
    WWII: East Africa: The Abyssinian fortress of Dessie, roughly half-way between Addis Ababa and Amba Alagi, is captured by General Alan Cunningham's South African divisions.
  • Sunday, April 26, 1936
    Italian troops assemble for an attack on Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, April 26, 1928
    Mary Bailey, wife of the SA magnate Sir Abe Bailey, lands on Swartkops airfield, Pretoria, and leaves again for London, to become the first pilot to fly solo in both directions.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Wednesday, April 26, 1916
    Arnold van Wyk, SA composer, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Saturday, April 26, 1913
    Gandhi and his rivals in the NIC go their separate ways.

  • Thursday, April 26, 1900
    Dr Willem Henry Jacobus Punt, founder and Director of the 'Stigting Simon van der Stel' (Simon van der Stel Foundation) and well-known SA cultural historian, is born in Elandsfontein (Germiston) on 26 April 1900.  He passed away at home in Pretoria, Transvaal (now Gauteng) on 22 May 1981. Dr Punt was born of Dutch parents who immigrated to South Africa and were deported to The Netherlands during the Anglo - Boer War. His parents returned to South Africa a few years later.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau Swart: Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak

  • Thursday, April 26, 1888
    William Wellington Gqoba (Mbaba, Goba), author, editor, teacher, catechist, interpreter and wagon-maker, dies in Lovedale, Eastern Cape. He was born in Gaga, near Alice, Eastern Cape, and was one of the earliest authors in Xhosa literature.
    References:
    • Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.2, Pretoria: Vista.

  • Tuesday, April 26, 1887
    Dr Anna Petronella van Heerden, the first Afrikaner lady to qualify as medical doctor, is born.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Monday, April 26, 1886
    Peter Allan, physician, health administrator and founder of the Nelspoort Sanatorium, first tuberculosis hospital in SA, is born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
    References:
    • Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1972). Dictionary of South African Biography, Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council, v. 5, p. 9.

  • Sunday, April 26, 1874
    James Henry (Biddy) Anderson, SA cricket player in one test match against Australia (1902-1903), is born in Kimberley.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Thursday, April 26, 1860
    Spain and Morocco sign a peace agreement.
    References:

  • Saturday, April 26, 1834
    Alfred (Gogga) Brown, SA amateur palaeontologist and archaeologist, is born in Girencester, England. 
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

  • Friday, April 26, 1816
    Proclamation by Lord Charles Somerset, governor at the Cape, ameliorating conditions of the slaves by introducing a register, regulating their hours of work and establishing schools for their children.
    References:
    • Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 10, p. 55.

  • Wednesday, April 26, 1679
    The Castle of Good Hope, oldest and most historic building in SA, is completed.
    References:
    • Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
    •  Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 3, p. 123