Black Consciousness Movement (BCM)

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The Black Face of Apartheid

Biko was critical of the homeland (Bantustan) policy. At the height of his influence, between 1963 and 1976, Steve Biko called the homelands “the greatest single fraud ever invented by white politicians”. He made it clear that Blacks who said homelands could be exploited to wring concessions from whites 'have already sold their souls to the white man'.

Biko observed that Transkei president Kaiser Matanzima and Chief Gatsha M Buthelezi of KwaZulu- Natal:

Last updated : 12-Apr-2016

This article was produced for South African History Online on 10-Jun-2011