"American civils rights leader Jesse Jackson with Oliver Tambo (left) and Trevor Huddleston (right) in London during the Anti-Apartheid demonstrations in the 1980's.\r\n.. read moreImage source: www.flickr.com"

This Day In History

PW Botha refuses to testify before the TRC

Thursday, 21 November 1996
Former President P. W. Botha declared that he would never testify before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC). He also stated that he would never apologise for apartheid and he called the TRC "the fierce unforgiving assault" on the Afrikaner by the African National Congress (ANC) led government. ..
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South African History Online

A history of the South African Constitution 1910-1996

The New Constitution was negotiated between May 1994 and October 1996 in the country's first democratically elected convention, the Constitutional Assembly. However, the demand for a democratic constitutional dispensation was not new, and was in fact as old as South Africa itself.

Negotiations and the transition

The increasing social unrest in South Africa that swept through the country in the 1980s, and the changing geopolitical circumstances on the international political scene forced the apartheid government to enter into negotiations with the ANC.


Angola has a long and rich history, and is home to some of the largest historical kingdoms in Africa such as the Kingdom of Kongo or the Kingdom of Ndongo.


The Angolan Civil War (1975-2002): A Brief History

The overthrow of Portugal’s Prime Minister, Marcello Caetano, on 25 April 1974 hailed a watershed moment for the former Portuguese colonies of Mozambique, Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Principe and Angola.

Angolan Civil War (1975-2002): A Timeline of Events

Here follows a timeline of events of the Angolan Civil war from Independence in 1975 until the assassination of Savimbi in 2002.

The World and South Africa when Nelson Mandela was born

Nelson Mandela was born into a world of war, revolutionary upheaval and a worldwide influenza pandemic. In July 1918, when Mandela was born, the First World War was still raging with no end in sight. 

Defiance Campaign 1952

The post-1948 period saw the African National Congress (ANC) abandoning its traditional reliance on tactics of moderation such as petitions and deputations.

World War I

This feature commemorates the outbreak of the First World War. This major historical event became known as The Great War. The main belligerent European countries involved in the War were imperial powers with large colonial territories in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.


The Causes of World War I

In the years immediately preceding the First World War all the European countries were facing increased political dissent from the growing working class.