"Students marching to a funeral of COSAS member in KwaMashu, KwaZulu Natala, 1981. Photographer: Omar Badsha.. read moreImage source: sites.google.com"

This Day In History

Ghanaian President Kwame Nkrumah calls on world leaders to impose “total economic and political sanctions” on South Africa

Wednesday, 22 March 1961
Pan-Africanist and first president of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, was a leader who strived for a united Africa. Nkrumah was one of the founders of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) and its first president. ..
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South African History Online

Human Rights and the South African Constitution

South Africa's Constitution (1996) enshrines the supremacy of the Constitution and the rule of law. Everyone in South Africa, including the government, and all laws are subject to and must follow the Constitution.

1960 -1994: Armed Struggle and Popular Resistance

Numerous factors characterised the intensification of the freedom struggle against the National Party government in the 1980s. This decade witnessed an increase in the armed struggle combined with mass politicisation of the oppressed peoples.

Sharpeville Massacre, 21 March 1960

At the annual conference of the African National Congress (ANC) held in Durban on 16 December 1959, the President General of the ANC, Chief Albert Luthuli, announced that 1960 was going to be the "Year of the Pass."


Sharpeville Timeline

16 December 1959 - At the annual African National Congress (ANC) conference, Chief Albert Luthuli declared that 1960 would be the "Year of the Pass", with a nation-wide anti-pass campaign to start on 31 March - the anniversary of the 1919 Anti-Pass Campaign

Pass Laws in South Africa

The Pass Laws was a system used to control the movement of Black, Indian and Coloured people in South Africa. The pass said which areas a person was allowed to move through or be in and if a person was found outside of these areas they would be arrested.


South African Constitution: The Bill of Rights

On 21 March, South Africa celebrates Human Rights Day. This day is a commemoration of the 1960 Sharpeville Massacre and how far the nation has come in the protection of fundamental human rights.

The Natives Land Act of 1913

The history of White colonial land dispossession did not begin with the passing of the Native Land Act in 1913, it spans back to the expansion of Dutch colonial settlements in the Cape.

The Namibian struggle for independence – 1966 – 1990 – a historical background

During the 1960s most of Africa’s countries had gained independence except for Namibia. Geographically, Namibia is made up of savannah, dry scrub land, as well as the Kalahari and the Namib Deserts.

Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP)

The Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) is a South African political organization, established by Chief Gatsha Buthelezi, which encouraged a resurgent Zulu nationalism and created a platform for Buthelezi to advance his political ambitions.