Caste - meaning, profession, religion

Achari, Achary, Archary - Sometimes the last name of a person. Caste of the craftsman -architects, goldsmiths. Also associated with Brahmin class.

www.boards.ancestry.com/localities.asia.srilanka.general/568/mb.ashx

 

Agamudaiyan" or "Ahamudaiyan" is derived from the root aham, which, in Tamil, has many meanings, it means a house or the earth, hence a householder, landowner or agriculturalist.

www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Mukkulathor

 

Agrahi, Agariya or Agharia were traders

www.books.google.com/books?id=69W858-aghUC&pg=PA197&lpg=PA197&dq=%22Agrahari%22+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=dE7n3k7aiN&sig=LGqSDtOpyIDXYHrHPtS4-Ju1f38&hl=en&ei=MLswSrCDA5C5jAfL-4zDBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Agrawal - Merchants, bankers, landowners, and shopkeepers

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrawal

 

Ahir or Aheer are tradtionally a caste of cowherds, milkers, and cattle breeders

www.everyculture.com/South-Asia/Ahir.html

 

Aiyerpal - Priestly class.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iyer

 

Akali means deathless, Kal meaning death - Sikh in origin.

www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Akali

 

Ambalagar - Headmen of village.

www.indiankanoon.org/doc/1197021/

 

Andi is a caste of beggars.

www.books.google.com/books?id=Erin3nkU3ZUC&pg=PA48&lpg=PA48&dq=%22Andi%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=1KYWuvrgiA&sig=CBh0fvGWBZWFeuSmJiie-UVTRlo&hl=en&ei=qfIHSpjwDuW6jAe86KzgBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Arak - Calcutta immigrants. Agricultural workers. Possibly derived from araka, meaning a plough with bullocks, or from arakadu, a cultivator.

www.ashanet.org/projects-new/documents/770/Proposal-LAV-Lalpur.doc

 

Arakala? - a small class of cultivators, recorded as being mainly from the Kurnool district. The name is possibly derived from araka, meaning a plough with bullocks, or from arakadu, a cultivator.

www.archive.org/stream/castestribesofso01thuruoft/castestribesofso01thuruoft_djvu.txt

 

Arasa Palllis - agricultural caste.

www.articles.hosuronline.com/articleD.asp?pID=1068&PCat=31

 

Asari - Carpenters - from artisan community.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palakkad_district

 

Astrologer - possibly Kanakan or Valluvan.

www.books.google.com/books?id=edzW9fuOF-cC&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&dq=Kanakan+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=hywl8mGTJL&sig=38gPYN8mJgp3Ur8h6mow3qEfdXY&hl=en&ei=yQU6SpX1HNK2jAek6emlDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Atith - meaning cultivator.

www.soks.wustl.edu/kinship.pdf

 

Badhai, the occupational caste of carpenters.

www.nagpuronline.com/nagpurcollectorate/people/castes.html

 

Bagathalu - a Telugu Caste.

www.archive.org/stream/variouscensusin00unkngoog/variouscensusin00unkngoog_djvu.txt

 

Bagdi - Fishermen and agricultural workers.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bagdi_(caste)

 

Bahelia - a caste of hunters.

www.books.google.com/books?id=nYLfjLj8AGkC&pg=PA40&lpg=PA40&dq=Bahelia+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=Wx6DWIIlfq&sig=dA2d6Edy6ghcTxE8FInUChHZXgQ&hl=en&ei=XEIRSt-POtLF-QaB6uHWAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Baid - physician.

www.books.google.com/books?id=AiU50pM_z6MC&pg=PA178&lpg=PA178&dq=Baid+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=wF1AfDuauR&sig=WfUaUn6AqjCfccKnNDDto68NHYE&hl=en&ei=7FQySqesOOW6jAfgyNyGCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Bais - compromising of the wealthy, warriors, entrepreneurs and Zimindars (land owners).

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bais_Rajput

 

Balai - leatherworkers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=3JvmObMC4ZMC&pg=PA22&lpg=PA22&dq=Balai+Caste&source=bl&ots=ZvHD0lm30Y&sig=c6VhGaqo77LqR5N8tpXUfvqZ0HY&hl=en&ei=nEoySsKUKdGNjAfnm7yaCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Balija - They are an Agrarian / Merchant/ Warrior community.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balija

 

Bania or Vania are traders and merchants. The Hindi word Bania is derived from the Sanskrit vanika or trader.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bania_(caste)

 

Banjara (also Banjari, Bangala, Banjori, Banjuri, Brinjari, Lamani, Lamadi, Lambani, Labhani, Lambara, Lavani, Lemadi, Lumadale, Gormati, Kora, Sukali) are found in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and other States in India.- agriculture, trade, herdsmen

www.hisgreatplan.com/india%20documents/Banjara%20...%20a%20People%20called%20by%20God.pdf

 

Banmanus is derived from the Sanskrit term Ban-Manus, meaning Man of the Forest (ban)

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barmanou

 

Bansphor, branches of the Dom Caste.- basket makers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA32&lpg=PA32&dq=Bansphor+%22caste%22+basket&source=bl&ots=i3p2TefSwm&sig=L4v43QgGDucJmQLv-G58yzD8-dA&hl=en&ei=c1oNSrrVGtO2jAfAy6y3Bg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Banwari - Men of the forrest.

www.stabroeknews.com/2008/letters/08/08/%E2%80%98banwahree%E2%80%99-is-one-of-the-names-for-lord-krishna/

 

Barahai, Barai - A Caste of betel vine growers and betel leaf sellers.

www.indianetzone.com/28/bari_caste.htm

Barber - Members of the barber caste (Nai, Hajam)  help with weddings eg. in cutting hair etc. A barber's wife assists the bride (Muslim, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu)

www.indianetzone.com/30/napita_nau_barber_caste.htm

 

Baretha - Professional caste of Washermen.

www.books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA519&lpg=PA519&dq=%22Bareth%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvyq5h4mw&sig=SB7Pe8nCW_uIsdKADFqoBgCKlJQ&hl=en&ei=4EYJSoe6GZDQjAfa_di0Cw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Bari - Their occupation is to stitch together large leaves by the insertion of small wooden pegs to make leaf-plates, cups etc.. Also Craftsmen/weavers.

www.indianetzone.com/28/bari_caste.htm

 

Bariki are the village servants.

www.archive.org/stream/religionofkuviko00schu/religionofkuviko00schu_djvu.txt

 

Barooye, Barai ?- A Caste of betel vine growers and betel leaf sellers.

www.indianetzone.com/28/bari_caste.htm

 

Batraju - Bhat, a priestly caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhatt

 

Bauri - palanquin bearers and field workers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA376&lpg=PA376&dq=Bauri+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va4IkSFOY&sig=GojTCBwxC-IVsdbG3QCc1ABdI2c&hl=en&ei=AgQySvaHJMqNjAee-ZWKCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7

 

Behari - person from the State of Bihar?.

 

Behna - cotton carders.

www.books.google.com/books?id=QA2OKK0-bdcC&pg=PA326&lpg=PA326&dq=%22Behna%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=jKH3txd7cj&sig=nvHh9uyBa-NK4EVMHSwy0mljI2k&hl=en&ei=SzQySpCHD4-QjAfZwJGJCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Beldars are labourers - masons, earthworkers, lime and brick workers - beldar "means one who carries a bel, hoe, mattock"

www.books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA215&lpg=PA215&dq=%22Beldar%22+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvAw3p4hC&sig=tGgXRNEWDLWp7v8OI0AXK879uWQ&hl=en&ei=FMQwSoSmHI6SjAf5s4zcBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Benbansi - means bamboo splitters - Members of caste sell bamboo baskets, chairs, bird cages etc.

www.books.google.com/books?id=54gyRnhIugkC&pg=PA383&lpg=PA383&dq=Benbansi+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=fZMDMyaBOE&sig=ngqy5MGhUg71-9pEG5Ul_dW_s34&hl=en&ei=v1MyStvGHdXOjAfarsH9CQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Besta - A Telugu Caste - fishermen.

www.books.google.com/books?id=Szt48jbyr9EC&pg=PA219&lpg=PA219&dq=Besta%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=psC6ArDDzO&sig=aMhGam7A81KuX3Nn7Dt9k7xeckU&hl=en&ei=qTANSteiMp2OjAe_8tysCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9

 

Bhaina (Forest tribe).

www.archive.org/stream/tribescastesofce02russ/tribescastesofce02russ_djvu.txt

 

Bhangis are traditionally restricted to being sweepers, cleaning latrines and handling dead bodies (both human and animal).

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhangi

 

Bhar - Rajjhars are landowning Bhars while the lower caste are herders of swine and cattle.

www.books.google.com/books?id=nYLfjLj8AGkC&pg=PA243&lpg=PA243&dq=Bhar+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=Wx6DTMKuat&sig=sYc5iD-GSzjaYeXrb9a5UxYzt2E&hl=en&ei=4lUNSq2tK9mZjAfA55HlCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Bhar or Bur are labourers.

www.archive.org/stream/notesonnorthwest00raikrich/notesonnorthwest00raikrich_djvu.txt

 

Bharthi - an order of religious medicants, priests, brahmins.

www.gosavisamaj.com/histry.php

 

Bhat, a priestly caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhatt

 

Bhata-raju - Bard or warrior.

www.dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/8570896

 

Bhathi - horseriders and warriors.

www.wapedia.mobi/en/Bhatia_(caste)

 

Bhil - a tribal Caste.

www.books.google.com/books?id=k4OglPLX_g8C&pg=PA108&lpg=PA108&dq=Bhil+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=NuZ8tTRtGo&sig=Gm8YB8abtNUle195f6Ok--z7pkk&hl=en&ei=dUgySr3_IY6SjAfGnoGeCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Bhind, bindh, or bind -bindhya meaning hills. Labourers and weavers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=76c1VSYnPE0C&pg=PA252&lpg=PA252&dq=Bind+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=vh0V20v4VH&sig=gpFq7BNmopfNfjQEj0onVznZamg&hl=en&ei=bzMRSvH0MISsjAfhmdCzBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Bhojwa or Bhujwa are grain parchers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=1QmrSwFYe60C&pg=RA4-PA382&lpg=RA4-PA382&dq=Bhojwa+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=qKY39_gd74&sig=OnxsrA2HF_D7r_-LL7An0LSJoek&hl=en&ei=tUARSuazLMPm-AbgtdjWAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Bhooj. Bhuj meaning arm, hence meaning, skilled people (Gujarat.)

www.geocities.com/lamberdar/_caste.html

 

Bhoosa means cattle feed - maybe cattle herders?

www.books.google.com/books?id=X8HvbckzEVAC&pg=PA57&lpg=PA57&dq=Bhoosa+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=omw2a9v_C0&sig=GI7EP-NiN0xTcyu5Yr7Bm3VQwJE&hl=en&ei=03RpSvnVOtu6jAeBhKGRCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Bhooyear - agricultural labourers.

www.scnc.ukzn.ac.za/doc/SHIP/Bhana_Indentured_Indians_Natal_Study_based_Ships_list.pdf

 

Bhumihar or Babhan or Bhuin-har - Brahmins, priests as well as landowners.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhumihar

 

Bhumji - tribal caste in India. Traditionally cultivators. Hunted birds and animals in the forrest.

www.allindiaaseca.org/aug07.PDF

 

Bhur means the earth, hence agricultural labourers.

www.archive.org/stream/notesonnorthwest00raikrich/notesonnorthwest00raikrich_djvu.txt

 

Bhurji - Associated with the industries relating to gram, beaten paddy and rice.

www.parliamentofindia.nic.in/lsdeb/ls10/ses4/3207089202.htm

 

Biahut - Caste members perform ceremonies at birth, marriages and funerals.

www.books.google.com/books?id=MqLfZarn3foC&pg=PA243&lpg=PA243&dq=%22Biahut%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=pKlpu6h4WD&sig=Ie3dAgPDEkzaXrBFrdL3I6K0vlA&hl=en&ei=1DEySuPXKsahjAegkKWWCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Blacksmiths and metal workers e.g. Lohars, Kamars, Kami.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lohar

 

Bogam - Telugu dancing girls.

www.books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA91&lpg=PA91&dq=%22Bogam%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmiId44MT&sig=iw51qCV3VG8aO0O7jLBWlI-E9ag&hl=en&ei=ZUMySoWFMZ26jAfWuumBCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Boistub - Vaishnava Caste - Bengal.

www.chaf.lib.latrobe.edu.au/dcd/page.php?title=wise&action=previous&record=4232

 

Boistum - Brahmans and priests.

www.books.google.com/books?id=RIcBAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA255&lpg=PA255&dq=%22Boistum%22&source=bl&ots=VP2-Njj0Ko&sig=RX4-2p56k4w7MNdZe_R8JKarz-8&hl=en&ei=LyMyStScDMvRjAfIsMiYCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Bondilis are said to derive their name from Bundelkund. They claim to be Rajputs.

www.archive.org/stream/castestribesofso01thuriala/castestribesofso01thuriala_djvu.txt

 

Boya - a hill tribe -hunters or warriors and tended to cattle.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boyar_(caste)

 

Boyis - servants and palanquin bearers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=P4oL0uGlMS8C&pg=PA462&lpg=PA462&dq=%22Boyi%22++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=kd0UdgRzNt&sig=YmUCfPpnQEfleyEfr-F1Ao_BwWw&hl=en&ei=cQ8yStLgLJjNjAevj8WWCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Brahman - Priestly Caste capable of performing certain religious tasks.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahman_(caste)

 

Brijbasi - sub-caste of Dangars - shepherds and cowherds.

www.wapedia.mobi/en/Shegar

 

Bulja - scheduled caste defined by area.

www.books.google.com/books?id=HuBVrSXYqKUC&pg=PA337&lpg=PA337&dq=Bulja+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=nMPALmnNXW&sig=QAMChjIvSAU3PxqAxQnzqgcIFhg&hl=en&ei=vgsySuyBNJ27jAfItLWWCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Butcher Caste - eg. Khatik.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khatik

 

Camala, Kammalars were mostly craftsmen, goldsmith, coppersmith, masons, etc

www.alcbroadway.org/history.htm

 

Canaree - A Language. Probably Kannady ?

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kannadiga

 

Carpenter - Any of Badhai, Sutar, Voddrangi , Tarkhan (Sikh) , Asari, Kammala castes.

www.nagpuronline.com/nagpurcollectorate/people/castes.html

 

Cavarai or Kavarai were landowners (Tamil)

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_(caste)

 

Chai is a class of jugglers, thimble-riggers and adventurers. People belonging to Chai class perform at fairs and other festivals.

www.indianetzone.com/29/chai_class_jugglers.htm

 

Chakadu - Telugu Caste.

www.archive.org/stream/variouscensusin00unkngoog/variouscensusin00unkngoog_djvu.txt

 

Chakali/Chakkali/Chakkoli/Chakala - washermen - Telegu.

www.geocities.com/husociology/sericulture6.htm

 

Chamar -Cobblers and leather workers.

www.indianetzone.com/29/chamar_caste_workers.htm

 

Chambadi or Sambadi - fishing caste.

www.archive.org/stream/reportonseafishf00dayfuoft/reportonseafishf00dayfuoft_djvu.txt

 

Chandal  - a caste of people traditionally engaged in menial jobs.

www.banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/C_0110.htm

 

Chasa - cultivator.

www.books.google.com/books?id=QA2OKK0-bdcC&pg=PA330&lpg=PA330&dq=%22Chasa%22++%22+Caste%22&source=bl&ots=jKH4lCh99i&sig=HtEcv5PKsw1TKRHVXW-54sRZYvU&hl=en&ei=JBU2Sr2mCdrF-QbWnvCgDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8

 

Chattris or Khatris, Chuttri, Chutrees  are a warrior or military class.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chattar

 

Cheruman - hill cultivators.

www.books.google.com/books?id=psw5AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA56&lpg=PA56&dq=Cheruman+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=gk9dH7Tm_2&sig=LDykkEa0QL7o9oTwlEUkOFrSLFU&hl=en&ei=kvI1Su_xKYONjAeKqoD5CQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Chetti oddas (traders) while Kallu Oddas are stone workers while Manu Oddas are earthworkers, Odda Balija were seafarers..

www.books.google.com/books?id=bgpEIb4tNjgC&pg=PT66&lpg=PT66&dq=Odda+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k0G68Kj7pT&sig=DnEHTzILUafTjAMytW1tAeIqa9U&hl=en&ei=WFQeSs_RLeOwtgek5dXsAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Chettiar (also Chetty, Chetti, Setty, Chitty, and Shettigar)  used for people of South Indian origin. Traders and agriculturalists.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chettiwww.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chetti

 

Chippi - Tailors.

www.books.google.com/books?id=Q8HiF8NpBIEC&pg=PA136&lpg=PA136&dq=chipi+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=JmNhheHghM&sig=eCqqdK80-EpMnHZIJe82H6MES9c&hl=en&ei=H4ASSs_GHoLU-AbxjamqDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Chogan or Ezhavas were traditionally employed as Farmers, Soldiers, Ayurveda Physicians, Warriors, Kalari Trainers and Traders, and were also involved in toddy tapping.

www.books.google.com/books?id=Be3PCvzf-BYC&pg=PA383&lpg=PA383&dq=%22Chogan%22++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=9i5sNfpoxh&sig=vtiGFuUL1gnJSQi0O9yZZd5FvRM&hl=en&ei=kDo2SpWCE4Ww-QaX8amiCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Chowan or Chowah - an agricultural clan.

www.books.google.com/books?id=1QmrSwFYe60C&pg=RA1-PA182&lpg=RA1-PA182&dq=%22Chowan%22++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=qKY630he64&sig=WqV4FQHJzhrwCsFv2TaBS07qaoo&hl=en&ei=FzI2SrDnMsKb-AaHz6yhDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Chowdary - tax collectors. Ahir are tradtionally a caste of cowherds, milkers, and cattle breeders.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamma_(caste)

 

Christian - various denominations.

 

Christian - Nasrani.

www.pallippurathamma.org/NasraniCulture.aspx

 

Chuckler - Leather-workers (Telegu).

www.books.google.com/books?id=G9o8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA153&lpg=PA153&dq=%22Chuckler%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=I6StUkN3Tb&sig=1Kh2uCdJJi03cNGbfZHLTH48vJw&hl=en&ei=sg46SpvaOMm2jAey8rmaDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Churihar - makers of glass bangles.

www.indowindow.com/sad/article.php?child=26&article=22

 

Chutrees, Chattris or Khatris, Chuttri  are a warrior or military class.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chattar

 

Cobbler - leatherworker caste - any of Chambar, Chamaar, Chamar,   (Teleugu cobblers (chura); Muchi, Giniya, Nakha, Charikara).

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chamar

 

Comati, Komati , Komti - A tribe of Vaisya Caste - traders.

www.books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA340&lpg=PA340&dq=Komati+Komti&source=bl&ots=aCmmHk35MU&sig=RglIjA0DkhJboMnbhqH8yjhpu_s&hl=en&ei=stNuSqrlCJTNjAfqsq2eBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Coravan, Karava - carpenters, boatbuilders, fishermen, distillers of liquor, traders.

www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lkawgw/karava.html

 

Cotton cleaner - any of Dudekula, Dhunia castes.

www.books.google.com/books?id=TEruAaDaOZ8C&pg=PA109&lpg=PA109&dq=Dudekula+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=dM144gouPq&sig=DC7w2rguJAlA_hI14mdbqSArZ9Y&hl=en&ei=fp4SSpi5F8jdsgarwYWGDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10

 

Cummas, Kammas or Kammavaru -(Agricultural caste) controlled large fertile areas in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, as a legacy of their martial past (initially warriors).

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamma_(caste)

 

Curnam, Karanam or Karana - accountants, tax collectors, court, Govt. officials.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karanam

 

Dandasi - a scheduled caste of Orissa.  Dandasi Khondras are village watchmen.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=u8vvtDI9kt0C&pg=PA415&lpg=PA415&dq=dandasi+caste&source=bl&ots=k9dX73_U6K&sig=xn3m8sEYaY-To_NC5ZhBcAPmfa8&hl=en&ei=wc4TStXzJcTG-Aau9dSvDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8

 

Darzi, Darji or Chipi caste -Tailors.

www.books.google.com/books?id=Q8HiF8NpBIEC&pg=PA136&lpg=PA136&dq=chipi+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=JmNhheHghM&sig=eCqqdK80-EpMnHZIJe82H6MES9c&hl=en&ei=H4ASSs_GHoLU-AbxjamqDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Dasalu - Boatmen and fishermen.

www.books.google.com/books?id=mcDMGwprQ4oC&pg=PA84&lpg=PA84&dq=%22Dasa%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=wfiqY0AnFj&sig=-LxXMa3PGET3DAGUpdouzwY6pME&hl=en&ei=6b8TSofsC8GN-AaB3MGmDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Dasari, a wandering Telugu caste who are dramatists and perform folk plays.

www.books.google.com/books?id=X5H6n5iKGaYC&pg=PA44&lpg=PA44&dq=Dasary+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=tZcgV-t0M9&sig=6Wm79p76cZ6S9sw1Dop0-KrlSlw&hl=en&ei=MbwTSvLIJ4PM-Aa-tv3ZCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7

 

Deva, Dewar caste (also known as ‘Kaibarta’) specifically refers to the fishing communities.

www.insightjnu.blogspot.com/2005/09/dewar-caste-and-its-identity.html

 

Devanga  or Devangi - They are one of the weaving castes in India.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devanga

 

Dhanook - Mainly agriculture, word formed from Dhanuska meaning archer.

www.books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA484&lpg=PA484&dq=Dhanuk+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvyx3m2jC&sig=IDRiSxadY1WHU3xK1nKVnVJKxag&hl=en&ei=yLkTSv3sH4XN-QaC1cCqDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Dharhi  or Dari - a caste of singers and dancers.

www.himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/regmi/pdf/regmi_02.doc

 

Dharkars are workers in reed and cane. They manufacture cane stools,chairs, palm leaf fans, matting for floors and the like.

www.indianetzone.com/31/dharkar_low_caste.htm

 

Dhed - a caste assigned to do menial work e.g. sweeping, fetching water etc.

www.books.google.com/books?id=psw5AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA38&lpg=PA38&dq=Dhed+caste&source=bl&ots=gk9aP4Pn_2&sig=4u-ls2l6-2R_uTVK9__3VenT3Bo&hl=en&ei=ZtwTSo-dKMOx-Qa8lsCmDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Dhimar, the caste of fishermen and palanquin bearers - derives the names from a corruption of the Sanskrt Dhivara, a fisherman.

www.nagpuronline.com/nagpurcollectorate/people/castes.html

 

Dhoby or Dhobi caste are Washermen.

www.indianetzone.com/31/dhobi_washerman_caste.htm

 

Dhoonia - (among Muslims) - those that make pillow cases and matresses. Dhunnia means to card cotton.

www.hvk.org/articles/0704/178.html

 

Dhora - gatherers, hunters and agriculture.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telugu_castes

 

Dhubra - labourers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=vDV7Y1cnQawC&pg=PA238&lpg=PA238&dq=Dubra+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=DIjPJFdEGC&sig=Lq-22-ruIzk6OKTnCaP-YiVEmBg&hl=en&ei=B90TSs__NMiD-AaqzoywDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7

 

Dhuliya? Dramatists, performers and dancers, drummers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=Bj3ttlbzxg0C&pg=PA42&lpg=PA42&dq=%22Dhuliya%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=PccaYFcXFR&sig=Z8igkiaM4-R1pEGoN1567XTqupg&hl=en&ei=WD46Sv-QEpKNjAfSnPWqDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Dom - Widespread and versatile caste of musicians, traders, and, sometimes, weavers.

www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/168403/Dom

 

Dommara (Andra Pradesh) - derivation from Dom people - .workers at cremation places or weavers of ropes and baskets.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domba

 

Dosadh - Village watchmen, messengers.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA324&lpg=PA324&dq=Dosadh+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p4Va7Xwf&sig=tXw7uZYdhsas404Yuonw1zMmYis&hl=en&ei=oDIuStO5MousjAeqtcyRCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Dosar - The caste members are mainly shopkeepers, and they deal in gold and silver ornaments, as well as grain, tobacco and all kinds of groceries.

www.books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA145&lpg=PA145&dq=Dosar+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvyx4m0hz&sig=RFf6OEB0rzXqsvuRXSUub0pNRro&hl=en&ei=VeATSrvlD5ic-gb3v_XZCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8

 

Dudekula, Doodakula - weaver caste and cotton cleaners. (Tamil and Telugu sometimes Muslim).

www.books.google.com/books?id=TEruAaDaOZ8C&pg=PA109&lpg=PA109&dq=Dudekula+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=dM144gouPq&sig=DC7w2rguJAlA_hI14mdbqSArZ9Y&hl=en&ei=fp4SSpi5F8jdsgarwYWGDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10

 

Edaya - Cowherds and shepherds.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yadav

 

Edigas or Idigas are people living mainly in Karnataka.Edigas are involved in soma and Ayurvedic medicine in ancient days and later as toddy-tappers of palm trees to make liquor.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idiga

 

Ediya, Idiyan, Idayan -  to mean shepherds and cattle breaders.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yadav

 

Egali or Ekali - Washermen.

www.books.google.com/books?id=EtwtSZwyWpgC&pg=PA457&lpg=PA457&dq=%22Ekali%22++caste&source=bl&ots=YfVw7U12v_&sig=tVazM-ArFy0cfdmU0saBqHr_oBE&hl=en&ei=juwTSu_BF43N-Qah3MmtDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Elama or Velama is one of the older feudal castes or social groups in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh . Mostly farmers, though initially warriors.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velama

 

Eluvans, Elavanians (betel-growers).

www.archive.org/stream/castestribesofso05thuriala/castestribesofso05thuriala_djvu.txt

 

Enadi - means archer.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villavar

 

Erikala - tribe in Andra Pradesh - bamboo workers and basket makers.

www.scribd.com/doc/15112293/The-right-to-say-no

 

Erula or Irula tribe of India.Irulas as a tribe are traditional snake and rat catchers.

www.tribes-of-india.blogspot.com/2008/10/irula-tribes-of-india.html

 

Ezhavas were traditionally employed as Farmers,  Ayurveda Physicians, Warriors, and Traders, and were also involved in toddy tapping

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezhava

 

Fakir - muslim religious medicant.

 

Fishermen - pods, pattinavar, bagdi, Dhivara, Kariayar, Paravans, Sembadava etc.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=QA2OKK0-bdcC&pg=PA76&lpg=PA76&dq=fishermen+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=jKH1tzbb9n&sig=HHVkwefY66HkSONgVNnbDdF1Eu8&hl=en&ei=kfcTSpetEMPM-AaanJy1Dw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Gadaba - A tribe of agriculturalists, labourers and hunters.(Andhra Pradesh). Gadaba means a person who carries a load on his shoulders.

www.orissadiary.com/orissa_profile/tribal/Gadaba.asp

 

Gadariya - Shepherd class.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhangar

 

Gadia meaning bullock or cartmen - a trading class.

www.books.google.com/books?id=LPsvytmN3mUC&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&dq=Gadia+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=fPxbpdSfgC&sig=0yykbQmS_Us30PFgl7blBgQtUkc&hl=en&ei=Wh8VSq-4DoWv-QaU4YDqDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Gamalla, Goundla, Gouda, Goud, - toddy tappers and Ayurvedic medicine .

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goud

 

Gandla or Ganiga is a caste of oil producers & merchants .

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ganiga

 

Ganjoo - a Brahmin or priestly caste.

www.jeevansathi.com/profile/matrimonial-0626041a5.htm

 

Gararee - Shepherd class.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhangar

 

Gardener - could be Mali or Kacchi caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mali_caste

 

Gaur - Cattle-herders.

www.books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA532&lpg=PA532&dq=Gour+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvyxcn0nD&sig=OicQVAJk-GZ7D0fR1YZfpLy8UcY&hl=en&ei=oRwVSv6qMIKb-Ab0jdzpDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Gauras or Gavara or Kavara were businessmen although traditionally agriculturalists.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gavara

 

Gaurs also called Goriya - cattle - herders.

www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Yadav

 

Gavandla or Gamalla -Toddy-tappers, extracting sap from palm trees, fermenting it and selling it as liquor.

www.books.google.com/books?id=cGd2huLXEVYC&pg=PA160&lpg=PA160&dq=Gavandla+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=Y8VL9elk8G&sig=SRUyD7ttB6viZoiOVFaKifPjs8A&hl=en&ei=ITYVSoKVAoSO-AaTkMXpDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Gazulu means bangle sellers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA108&lpg=PA108&dq=%22Gazulu%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvyy4iXoC&sig=lVLp55DwnVOzamubdTOeT50lbFA&hl=en&ei=TlUVSrCJDYac-gbep5DqDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Gentoo - From the Portuguese word for heathens, refering thus to all Hindus.

www.books.google.com/books?id=HbAjKR_iHogC&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=Gentoo+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=UXIm4VgdkN&sig=KtkSaBc9rIuqXgwHEtNO5TbD8rM&hl=en&ei=UGg_StnbGpPA-QbptPDJDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Ghansi - Grass-cutters.

www.hinduheritage.org.au/pdf/Our%20Great%20Sages.pdf

 

Gharti - shepherds.

www.books.google.com/books?id=aSaX09InyIoC&pg=PA189&lpg=PA189&dq=Gharti+Caste&source=bl&ots=IkeD5BeZw3&sig=Q02fpWxbNvqCFxxATdBKxDmflC0&hl=en&ei=GF8_Stf1N4nE-Qbf9JCwDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Gharukh - Sub-caste of the Kahars (Boatmen).

www.books.google.com/books?id=1QmrSwFYe60C&pg=RA6-PA435&lpg=RA6-PA435&dq=%22Gharuk%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=qKY3cXeb2a&sig=ON0Si88aqqOQ3H5pz19RmETEDmQ&hl=en&ei=oVYVSqzPFsS4-QbkruTpDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Ghase - Sub-caste of the Mali - they grow and prepare tumeric.

www.maharashtra.gov.in/pdf/gazeetter_reprint/Wardha/population_caste.html

 

Ghatwal or Ghatwars - Landowners - of Bhuiya Caste.

www.books.google.com/books?id=bvGOHXlxUHUC&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45&dq=%22Ghatwar%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=wxGb2zKmYp&sig=oQt7M4jTP8fjXJFSpsQqViFSgvI&hl=en&ei=lVcVSvPyJtab-gbL_pW1DQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Goldsmith - Achary, Achari? Dosar? or similar caste.

www.books.google.com/books?id=H6rOX1nXCJcC&pg=PA145&lpg=PA145&dq=Dosar+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=kjvyx4m0hz&sig=RFf6OEB0rzXqsvuRXSUub0pNRro&hl=en&ei=VeATSrvlD5ic-gb3v_XZCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8

 

Golla, Gowala or Gowla primarily herd sheep and cattle and subsist by selling milk; some Golla communities practice agriculture.

www.books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA204&lpg=PA204&dq=Golla+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmgImY4SV&sig=YGy6dZo6ApFXvHs0Dj-qpDMNIbA&hl=en&ei=c_8USqzMEsSO-AbmgtDpDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Gond - The name Gond is extracted from the Telugu word 'Konda' which means hill. Agriculture, collecting minor forest produce, fishing, hunting,are the main activities of Gonds.

www.southasianmedia.net/profile/india/india_ethnology.cfm

 

Gondla (elephant grass), also known as Bhotia tribe, akin to Teli (oil-pressers) in Telugu community.

www.southasianmedia.net/profile/india/india_ethnology.cfm

 

Gooroony - hunters.

www.books.google.com/books?id=OgUbAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA282&lpg=PA282&dq=Gooroony&source=bl&ots=Eu6NXx5BFh&sig=RvgFBIctLe6a5oGt0Ch0VS2nQ9Q&hl=en&ei=G2Q_Sri_GYvA-QbztaW9DA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Gorait - scheduled tribe of Bihar and Jharkhand State.

www.jharkhandi.org/gorait_tribe.htm

 

Gore or Goria - potter caste.

www.books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA39&lpg=PA39&dq=Goria+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p3S9aRFk&sig=Z-JjcppW8hn5YOUDSY_2C5m26y8&hl=en&ei=Lz8aSsP0CsPN-AaQpKHMDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Gosai - Soothsayers or fortune tellers.

www.hindu.com/2008/03/11/stories/2008031151970300.htm

 

Gosain - Religious Caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gosain

 

Goud, Gamalla, Goundla, Gouda - toddy tappers and Ayurvedic medicine.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goud

 

Gounder  is the name of the head in a system of decentralised panchayat (Village Council) administration.

www.lingoz.com/it/dictionary/Gounder%20(caste)

 

Gowala, Golla or Gowla are tradtionally a caste of cowherds, milkers, and cattle breeders.

www.books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA204&lpg=PA204&dq=Golla+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmgImY4SV&sig=YGy6dZo6ApFXvHs0Dj-qpDMNIbA&hl=en&ei=c_8USqzMEsSO-AbmgtDpDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Gowra - Telegu Subcaste.

www.du.ac.in/OBC-CENTER-LIST.pdf

 

Gramani - usually a proprietor of a village or landlord. A gramani was originally the leader of a train of vehicles and warriors to receive the mayor.

www.books.google.com/books?id=V73N8js5ZgAC&pg=PA42&lpg=PA42&dq=%22Gramani%22+%22Caste%22+india&source=bl&ots=nGcSKSUXbW&sig=CJNtshYsfw82TV0_qvaGFxpdrHU&hl=en&ei=8l0VSpriE4Kv-Qbt_73pDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Gujars are milkmen, Gajar is Arabic.

www.punjabi.net/talk/messages/3/52461.html?1152737318

 

Gujerati - language.

 

Hajam - Barbers.

www.mail.sarai.net/pipermail/reader-list/2009-April/019175.html

 

Halwai - They are a caste of confectioners and sweet-makers.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halwai

 

Hazam - Barbers.

www.mail.sarai.net/pipermail/reader-list/2009-April/019175.html

 

Herdsmen - Golla?, Gowla?, Ahirs - primarily herd sheep and cattle and subsist by selling milk; some Golla communities practice agriculture.

www.books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA204&lpg=PA204&dq=Golla+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmgImY4SV&sig=YGy6dZo6ApFXvHs0Dj-qpDMNIbA&hl=en&ei=c_8USqzMEsSO-AbmgtDpDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Hindu - Belonging to Hindu religion, sometimes called Gentoo.

www.books.google.com/books?id=HbAjKR_iHogC&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=Gentoo+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=UXIm4VgdkN&sig=KtkSaBc9rIuqXgwHEtNO5TbD8rM&hl=en&ei=UGg_StnbGpPA-QbptPDJDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Hunters - e.g Boya, Bahelia, Gooroony, Sikari  caste.

www.maharashtra.gov.in/english/gazetteer/YAVATMAL/people_castes.html

 

Idayan, Idiyan or Ediya - Cowherds and shepherds.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yadav

 

Irula or Erula  - Their main occupations are snake and rat catching.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irulas

 

Jalia - Boatmen.

www.books.google.com/books?id=omAPFtaweqIC&pg=PA253&lpg=PA253&dq=Jalia+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=cPw1d66BgG&sig=g5x8a_d5s8LBHCuFBLTgQb9SnUY&hl=en&ei=QXYaSvDRIZG1-QbZkoXMDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9

 

Jami - subcaste of Gola - Golla or Gowla primarily herd sheep and cattle and subsist by selling milk; some Golla communities practice agriculture.

www.tripatlas.com/Gounder_(caste)

 

Janappan - Gunny-bag weavers.Gunny-bag is the popular trading name for the coarse sacking and sacks made from jute fibre.

www.archive.org/stream/castestribesofso02thuruoft/castestribesofso02thuruoft_djvu.txt

 

Jandra - Weavers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=I-MBh3Anb98C&pg=PA30&lpg=PA30&dq=Jandra+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=YuuqpGZAjZ&sig=4uWSQG-UqVQ9Qo8Ul_itEzJrRbU&hl=en&ei=kHAaSonpKYPU-Aadu9TmDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Jangama, Jangalau - Wondering monks and beggars- nomads and story tellers.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jangama

 

Jaswar - A subcaste of Kurmi - an agricultural caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurmi

 

Jat - A peasant caste -  also landowners.

www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/301575/Jat/301575rellinks/Related-Links

 

Jathapu - agriculturalists.

www.diversefoodsystems.org/lfs_docs/lfs_Prajateerpu_Part1AR.pdf

 

Jogi - They wander about the country beating a drum and begging, practising surgery in a small way, writing charms, telling fortunes, and practising exorcism and divination.

www.religiousworlds.com/mandalam/jogi.htm

 

Jolaha - Weavers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=I-MBh3Anb98C&pg=PA30&lpg=PA30&dq=Jandra+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=YuuqpGZAjZ&sig=4uWSQG-UqVQ9Qo8Ul_itEzJrRbU&hl=en&ei=kHAaSonpKYPU-Aadu9TmDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Joria - weavers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA32&lpg=PA32&dq=%22Joria%22+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p5WdcSEi&sig=3nMrvJIHmEeDSUbkOG3qYufcyn8&hl=en&ei=l4I_SvDTA4bu-Ab_2r2tBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Kabaria - green-grocer (Muslim).

www.74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:i4-JkfMDvrgJ:ccms.ukzn.ac.za/docs/Taleb.pdf+Kabaria+%22Caste%22&cd=28&hl=en&ct=clnk

 

Kacchi are market gardeners.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unao,_Balaji

 

Kahar- Personal servants and labourers e.g. water bearers, palanquin bearers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA148&lpg=PA148&dq=kahar+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p2X8bUFi&sig=BbAGZE5XU1I0RS9-TSkpNdENe0E&hl=en&ei=EHwSSvGdNoXQ-Aa_4LysDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=11

 

Kaikala, Kaikola - Weaver Caste - also associated with temples.

www.dspace.vidyanidhi.org.in:8080/dspace/bitstream/2009/3422/7/MAU-1983-033-6.pdf

 

Kairi (Bengal ) for Koeri - Koeri-Peasantry and agrarian caste.

www.chaf.lib.latrobe.edu.au/dcd/page.php?title=&action=next&record=566

 

Kalars or Kalwars are members of the subcaste of "distillers of alcohol" within the Indian caste system.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalwar

 

Kalilnga - a tribe of warriors.

www.in.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090401200118AAwPbUG

 

Kalingi is a caste of temple priests and cultivators, found mainly in Srikakulam. The Kalingis are essentially Telugus.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalingi

 

Kalla or Kalian.or Kallan means dark skinned people or 'one who collects information secretly and thus were advanced guards or spies.

www.dspace.vidyanidhi.org.in:8080/dspace/bitstream/2009/5877/3/MKU-1978-001-2.pdf

 

Kalwars are members of the subcaste of "distillers of alcohol" within the Indian caste system.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalwar

 

Kambalam (kambili =blanket) applies to 9 castes when at a council meeting a blanket is spread on the floor.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=u8vvtDI9kt0C&pg=PA93&lpg=PA93&dq=%22Kambalam%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k9dY243U3F&sig=5uc7SPRdgE_t3vqE8X0Ld50Gno8&hl=en&ei=VqobSo6UF8fN-QbJpJjXAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Kamhar, Kohar or Kumhars - Traditional pottery makers.

www.parliamentofindia.nic.in/lsdeb/ls10/ses5/3027119204.htmwww.parliamentofindia.nic.in/lsdeb/ls10/ses5/3027119204.htm

 

Kamkar - Water-bearers.

www.drishtikona.com/archives/government_policyadministration/001690.php

 

Kammala or Kammalan - Artisans - carpenters, goldsmiths, blacksmiths.

www.books.google.com/books?id=L-s8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA320&lpg=PA320&dq=Kammalan+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=wdJXxxGEfC&sig=tMcXFTpP96XcKZu_e7mFs_sEPLo&hl=en&ei=0KUbSpSDIYK2-Aa4qITXAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Kammalars were mostly craftsmen, goldsmith, coppersmith, masons.

www.alcbroadway.org/history.htm

 

Kammari or Kamsali -Carpenters.

www.aptribes.gov.in/html/ltr/50_2004.pdf

 

Kammas or Kammavaru -(Agricultural caste) controlled large fertile areas in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, as a legacy of their martial past, initially warriors.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamma_(caste)

 

Kanadia -  a Tamil Caste.

 

Kanakan - astrologers and umbrella makers. Derived from the Portuguese Canaqua.

www.books.google.com/books?id=edzW9fuOF-cC&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&dq=Kanakan+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=hywl8mGTJL&sig=38gPYN8mJgp3Ur8h6mow3qEfdXY&hl=en&ei=yQU6SpX1HNK2jAek6emlDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Kandi - Kapu surname.

www.bookrags.com/wiki/Kapu_(caste)

 

Kandu - agriculture - grain-parchers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=G9o8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA204&lpg=PA204&dq=Kandu+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=I6SqTrL0Xe&sig=7KbqEUtRu5rW-caFCbyEKXGUvvE&hl=en&ei=PcsLSrLbNdPMjAekmsCzBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Kanjar - a wandering tribe-  nomads and gypsies.

www.books.google.com/books?id=1QmrSwFYe60C&pg=RA6-PA475&lpg=RA6-PA475&dq=Kunjara+Caste&source=bl&ots=qKY6cZj89a&sig=cD4BFoWLoiGlDA_j9Emh9inV4s4&hl=en&ei=I35DStm_LNLS-Qbw98ks&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Kannady-  Probably refers to a person from Kannada.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kannadiga

 

Kanoo - traders.

www.madhesi.wordpress.com/2006/10/20/the-plains-people-the-tarai-people-are-not-one-faceless-group/

 

Kapu or Kaapu in Telugu means protector. Kapus speak Telugu and are primarily an Agrarian community.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_Caste

 

Karan - writer caste.

www.books.google.com/books?id=WhpjsPghUfYC&pg=PA90&lpg=PA90&dq=%22Karan%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=wGFP-rCsUy&sig=oE2CJi1VcSfI0R3oTK34fHwXm6A&hl=en&ei=w88nSsX5KcOO-AaniIHLDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9

 

Karanam or Karana - accountants, tax collectors, court, Govt. officials.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karanam

 

Karara - a tribe of Brahmins.

www.books.google.com/books?id=a1YOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PP30&lpg=PP30&dq=%22Karara%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=B0V8oVUcwq&sig=sef66YwPA17D2dS-yR-hnvs1mMY&hl=en&ei=fyFDSpz-NIyy-Aa0rqAf&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Karava - carpenters, boatbuilders, fishermen, distillers of liquor, traders.

www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lkawgw/karava.html

 

Karumba - hunters and pastoral people.

www.books.google.com/books?id=HbAjKR_iHogC&pg=PA137&lpg=PA137&dq=Karumba+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=UXIm7Q8fmK&sig=H_thVpKckdrq5opha-GN77N786g&hl=en&ei=eRpDSr_cD4jY-QbR5rQk&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Kasarwani - traders in brass and bell-metals.

www.books.google.com/books?id=zl2mSCfgyu4C&pg=PA211&lpg=PA211&dq=Kasarwani&source=bl&ots=AvXmZMii_Q&sig=ShAdOFuIbMq_hU_W-8X7LesgjZA&hl=en&ei=Fy9DSt34J5Lb-Qbul_Qb&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Kasera - manufacturers and dealers in brass utensils.

www.nisiet-cluster.org/pdf/pareo.pdf

 

Kathi - land-owning caste - Rajput - Initially a warrior clan but largely farmers and landowners.

www.books.google.com/books?id=NYK7ZSpPzkUC&pg=PA318&lpg=PA318&dq=%22Kathi%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=CtF615vIAn&sig=4pyLY9TBXX0QSf7utCQbd2uEMYw&hl=en&ei=PjhDSoDGHo_E-QbW1ZQn&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Kavandan or Gounder ' is the name of the head in a system of decentralised panchayat (Village Council) administration. Goundan is the derivation.

www.lingoz.com/it/dictionary/Gounder%20(caste)

 

Kavara  or Gauras or Gavara  were businessmen originally, although traditionally agriculturalists.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gavara

 

Kavarais were originally devoted entirely to agriculture, trading and sailing.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_(caste)

 

Kawar - forest tribe and culitvators.

www.books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA411&lpg=PA411&dq=%22Kawar%22+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va5KdTDS2&sig=8tUmJDedYlcb2HX6-N34crF3Yjc&hl=en&ei=YEVDSsX4DcyD-QbLlaEK&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Kayeth or Kayesth, Kaeth - the caste of scribes and accountants.

www.kipling.org.uk/rg_kim_notes6.htm

 

Kewat, Khewat, Keot - a caste of fishermen, boatmen and cultivators.

www.books.google.com/books?id=yhV2DkrdNFkC&pg=PA422&lpg=PA422&dq=kewats+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=La5OxuP3Qz&sig=ZNTIJQyUU2aiVan2XMzHGE8MxRs&hl=en&ei=Ld8CSrvsGaPUjAfi24nrBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Khangar - village watchmen and labourers.

www.archive.org/stream/tribescastesofce03russ/tribescastesofce03russ_djvu.txt

 

Kharwar - derived from the word khair "grass' used for various purposes eg. Mats etc.

www.jharkhandi.com/kharwar.aspx

 

Khatik - a caste of butchers, subdivision of Dhangars.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khatik

 

Khatri , sub-caste of Kshatriya caste - traders and scribes.

www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/316519/Khatri

 

Kisan - meaning 'son of the soil' - cultivators.

www.books.google.com/books?id=HbAjKR_iHogC&pg=PA284&lpg=PA284&dq=%22Kisan%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=UXIm5Tg9lH&sig=NwQ6_77rxhHPRXC4tdu4DC6b9Hw&hl=en&ei=RJ9ASoHTH4nu-AaAgKHECA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Koeri- Peasant and agrarian caste. Also Weavers.

www.chaf.lib.latrobe.edu.au/dcd/page.php?title=&action=next&record=566

 

Kohar, Kamhar or Kumhars - Traditional pottery makers.

www.parliamentofindia.nic.in/lsdeb/ls10/ses5/3027119204.htm

 

Kol - a tribal people employed in cutting down jungle from year to year, and in conveying the wood for sale.

www.indianetzone.com/34/kol_indian_ethnic_group.htm

 

Koli - are a forest tribe. Also engaged in agriculture.

www.books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PR18&lpg=PR18&dq=Kol+forest+tribe&source=bl&ots=0Va5EcRFQ_&sig=iRqNoa_TkSXJia29oa1o8y0rkT0&hl=en&ei=cO85StKjD-HRjAfp6_CZDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Komati , Komti, Comati - A tribe of Vaisya Caste - traders.

www.books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA340&lpg=PA340&dq=Komati+Komti&source=bl&ots=aCmmHk35MU&sig=RglIjA0DkhJboMnbhqH8yjhpu_s&hl=en&ei=stNuSqrlCJTNjAfqsq2eBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Konar -  Shepherds and cattle breeders (Tamil)

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konar

 

Kone - mat-makers

www.articles.hosuronline.com/articleD.asp?pID=1069&PCat=31

 

Konga - from Konga country - districts of Coimbatore and Salem.

www.members.rediff.com/dockan/originofsurnamepillay.htm

 

Kora - tribal caste.

www.krepublishers.com/02-Journals/T%20&%20T/T%20&%20T-02-0-000-000-2004-Web/T%20&%20T-02-2-077-135-2004-Abst-PDF/T%20&%20T-02-2-081-087-2004-027-Paul-K-Mitra/T%20&%20T-02-2-081-087-2004-Paul-K-Mitra.pdf

 

Korathy - tattooer.

www.archive.org/stream/lifeinindianvill00ramarich/lifeinindianvill00ramarich_djvu.txt

 

Korava, Koravan, Koravar - Hunters, hawkers/nomads/gypsies, weavers/basket-makers and palm-reading.

www.books.google.com/books?id=u8vvtDI9kt0C&pg=PA448&lpg=PA448&dq=Korava+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k9dX1a4_-K&sig=u4Satb4gEPHbRfTKHDT7ExMsXbY&hl=en&ei=8tELSob0PNfOjAfOxL3GBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Kori - weavers and labourers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PR18&lpg=PR18&dq=Kol+forest+tribe&source=bl&ots=0Va5EcRFQ_&sig=iRqNoa_TkSXJia29oa1o8y0rkT0&hl=en&ei=cO85StKjD-HRjAfp6_CZDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Korunir? - sheep herder? .Kuru meaning sheep

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuruba

 

Kosava, Kusava? - potters in Tamil

www.groups.yahoo.com/group/INDOLOGY/message/2466

 

Kosta, Kostha, - a caste of weavers maybe something to deal with kosa silk?

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewangan

 

Koyburto - no details available.

www.books.google.com/books?id=0PFJX1GdNZkC&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&dq=%22Koyburto%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=-e54Duvboh&sig=5GnMSguxnA5ryCFdn7kfeleYlUA&hl=en&ei=PuU5SrbIC5m8jAeKiP31DQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Kshatriya - constitutes the military and ruling order of the traditional Vedic-Hindu social system.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kshatriya

 

Kudumban - of the Pallar Caste,  a caste of agricultural labourers.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pallar

 

Kulu - Drum-makers.

www.web.comhem.se/~u18515267/CHAPTERIV.htm

 

Kumar, Kumhar, Kamhar -Traditional pottery makers.

www.parliamentofindia.nic.in/lsdeb/ls10/ses5/3027119204.htm

 

Kunbi or Kunabi word is equivalent to Farmer.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kunbi

 

Kundu -people are associated with agriculture.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kundu

 

Kurmi, Kurmis or Kurmee are primarily agriculturalists.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurmi

 

Kuruba has a direct meaning of one who heards "Kuri" (Sheep) in Kannada, mainly a Shepherd but the caste name may diifer by region with different names e.g. Kurumbar, Gorava, Dhangar, Ahirs, or Pal.

www.en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special%3ASearch&search=Shepherd+caste&fulltext=Search

 

Kurunegala people - kurune meaning elephants tusk.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurunegala

 

Kurupa - barber or warrior.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurup

 

Kutwar or Kotwal - village watchmen.

www.books.google.com/books?id=ZzbkTbqgGEoC&pg=PA270&lpg=PA270&dq=%22Kutwar%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=hLMHtaK3P5&sig=KKCPp5HTcZUg7Px32TCKEMus_r8&hl=en&ei=GWpDSuisOobl-QbOpdUr&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9

 

Labbai, Labbay, Labbai, Labba, is a distinctive Islamic community from Southern India. A Trading Community spread through the southern states of Tamil Nadu.

www.everyculture.com/South-Asia/Labbai.html

 

Lakhera - a caste that makes bangles and other articles of lac.

www.books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA3&lpg=PA3&dq=%22Lakhera%22+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va6BbTzR_&sig=GjkQsriqpmdZ2v5Bd2FtQRXy6DI&hl=en&ei=QnxESub5GYbu-AaizPwW&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Lala, Kaysth, Kaith - the caste of writers and accountants.

www.books.google.com/books?id=yhV2DkrdNFkC&pg=PA404&lpg=PA404&dq=%22Lala%22+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=La5TquObOw&sig=PADHsTZD6PjWBjU56iO46rkcUxo&hl=en&ei=LntESpyVMc-Q-AaX94zaBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8

 

Lalbegi - Muslim Caste similar to Bhangi Caste. Bhangis are traditionally restricted to being sweepers, cleaning latrines and handling dead bodies (both human and animal)

www.infinityfoundation.com/mandala/h_es/h_es_karan_caste.htm

 

Lama - a Tibertan teacher.

www.sawaal.ibibo.com/general-knowledge/lamas-caste-gurkhas-523428.html

 

Limbu - means or translates as an archer or 'the bearer of bows and arrows'.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limbu_people

 

Lingayat - a hindu relgious sect of Shiva worshippers.The adherents of this faith are known as Lingayats.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lingayat

 

Loadh - farmer.

www.telegraphindia.com/1090128/jsp/nation/story_10449510.jsp

 

Lodh or Lodha are one of the Scheduled Tribes of India. Largely agriculturalists.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lodha

 

Lohar, Lahar  - The members of this group are traditionally blacksmiths who work with iron (Loha)

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lohar

 

Lonia or Nunia, or Loniya, Nonia are from the Uppara caste (Salt and Lime preparers/workers)

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppaara

 

Maaran - Before the days of Sankaracharya their sole occupation was beating the drums in Brahminical Temples.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maaran

 

Madary - Charmers, faith healers?

www.74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:kEW4NcuWkgEJ:www.krepublishers.com/02-Journals/S-EM/EM-01-1-000-000-2007-Web/EM-01-1-000-000-2007-Abst-PDF/EM-01-1-001-020-2007-001-Bhasin-V/EM-01-1-001-020-001-Bhasin-V-Tt.pdf+Madary+charmer&cd=3&hl=en&ct=clnk

 

Madiga - Leather working is one of the professions of Madigas and agricultural labourers in some regions of Andhra Pradesh.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madiga

 

Madrasi - Person from Madras.

 

Madrasu - The caste name MUTHARASU (Village watchmen and stone-workers)  got modified to city name Madrasu.

www.geocities.com/MUDIRAJA/mudiraju_kings.html

 

Mahajans - Money-lenders.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=L50DmNRdmB0C&pg=PA238&lpg=PA238&dq=%22Mahajam%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=xdIYPy0yi0&sig=uCXG1l8s8nyhh24SLomIrAI4Fao&hl=en&ei=L_0cSsDxE9TG-QaUsKDnBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Mahars, Mohara, Mahara, Mehra - - untouchables - low caste - live mainly in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. - farmers.

www.gfa.org/send/extras/who-are-the-maharas

 

Mahur - Barber Caste.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=UQUtQzPtC6wC&pg=PA149&lpg=PA149&dq=Mahur+Caste&source=bl&ots=LjPXa05CT6&sig=ooqWmhkPDyrmHUIzv7Qjv8T_y6Q&hl=en&ei=CRsdSv-INcTM-AbcnrDnBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Malabar is a generic term referring to South Indians emigrants recruited from the Malabar coast.

 

Malas or Malla , a social group largely from Andhra Pradesh, were mostly agricultural workers.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mala_(caste)

 

Malayali - group of people, who speak Malayalam, originating from the Indian state of Kerala.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malayali

 

Mali - Gardeners and flower sellers.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mali_caste

 

Malkana Rajputs? - warriors?

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=iroI_C8GTFsC&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45&dq=Malkana+Caste&source=bl&ots=vXhtJVSU9x&sig=yBvup8yQ5SAU4V8XnoJgKkuu3qY&hl=en&ei=0R0dStbhApOD-Aaz-ennBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Mallah - Boatmen and fishermen.

www.74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:EZoo5X7oy5AJ:www.ashgate.com/pdf/SamplePages/Caste_Occupation_and_Politics_on_the_Ganges_Intro.pdf+Mallah+%22Caste%22&cd=17&hl=en&ct=clnk

 

Mangala - Barbers.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA464&lpg=PA464&dq=%22Mangala%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmhEe-4JO&sig=m20uTtv9yvcqEIM9_X2BF5LkvZY&hl=en&ei=CvocSqDZGcTL-Aag6annBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Manihar - caste of pedlars and hawkers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=76c1VSYnPE0C&pg=PA193&lpg=PA193&dq=%22Manihar%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=vh0ZYZy8YI&sig=fFWiOuyvuy2292isaC3R2O-WWzw&hl=en&ei=5qxESpGiK5TX-QaCt5Qc&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Maniyagar - headman at village.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=pkU4AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA164&lpg=PA164&dq=%22Maniyagar%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=ib3Zx0JUPu&sig=Jd_uzB-2Nhx6r0OzO2Ih8ThJt_c&hl=en&ei=VgAdSuTHLNnT-Qbu-snDCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Manjhi means 'Ferryman' . They earn their livelihood from agriculture.

www.india9.com/i9show/Manjhi-Tribe-49260.htm

 

Mannan - barber.

www.books.google.com/books?id=u8vvtDI9kt0C&pg=PA134&lpg=PA134&dq=%22Mannan%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k9d--3002K&sig=_1x__RlvOrFFoElOY4abcgNw-_Y&hl=en&ei=ia1EStfVI4HJ-Qbe5u0X&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Manthadi - a Tamil Caste.

www.archive.org/stream/variouscensusin00unkngoog/variouscensusin00unkngoog_djvu.txt

 

Mapalay, Moplahs were largely Arab Traders living in Tamil States. From the word "Mappila in Tamil which refers to son-in-law".

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mappilas

 

Mara, Maravar, in Tamil, means a warrior.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mara

 

Marata (Sudra?) -Maratha - People who speak Marathi Language - warriors and peasants.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maratha

 

Maratha - People who speak Marathi Language - warriors and peasants.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maratha

 

Mathiga - Cleaners ans scavengers who work with skin and leather as well.

www.arunthathiyer-tamilnadu.blogspot.com/2008_06_01_archive.html

 

Maula - In Arabic - maula means Master and slave both.

 

Mawatee is a language.

www.profile.urdumatrimony.com/profiledetail/viewprofile.php?id=U537978

 

Medara, medari, Medar, Meda, Telugu caste of bamboo-workers and mat-makers of South India.

www.mahendramedara.com/content/view/12/46/

 

Meena or Mina is derived from the word 'meen' meaning fish claiming descent from the Matsya Avatar, or fish incarnation, of Vishnu.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meenas

 

Mehter or mehtar a sweeper .

www.kipling.org.uk/rg_lalbeg1.htm

 

Mochi - a caste of cobblers and leather workers.

www.hindu-society.blogspot.com/2008/02/aaja-nachle-caste-controvrsy.html

 

Momin - a Muslim subgroup.

 

Moopan in Tamil means elder or leader.

www.books.google.com/books?id=73msCkfD5V8C&pg=PA119&lpg=PA119&dq=Muppan+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=jyToWhtfS4&sig=KT29nPxPxNj9IhPJp-e-YmjKFSk&hl=en&ei=o-4bSvDQBMW9-AaI65zLDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Mosahar, Moosohur - Rodent and mice catchers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA131&lpg=PA131&dq=Musahar+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p6Q76Tyk&sig=yBVjxZxt2bUsawkMrrl07yW-IHM&hl=en&ei=cZtESoDSBM7x-QbcpfAn&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9

 

Mothi - sub-caste of Pasi. Pasi -Toddy-drawer caste lives by tapping palm for its juice to make liquor. Pasi (noose or belt) by means of which palm is climbed.

www.goudindia.com/Goud-Toddy-drawers.php

 

Moyra,  the confectioner caste - sweetmeats etc.

www.banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/M_0339.htm

 

Mudaliar, Mudely, Mudaly, means a person of first rank in a feudal society.

www.saivavellalar.com/index.php?pgid=10

 

Mukkulathor? - comprise of three roughly designated groups, Kallar, Maravar and Agamudaiyar, which make up the community. Many of the members are still agriculturalists,

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thevar

 

Mullah - Priestly Caste.

www.books.google.com/books?id=EN3_3iJuxLgC&pg=PA150&lpg=PA150&dq=Mullah+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=Yue41M57G_&sig=SwhPK67wQ9WyPasTsqrhhpD2Af8&hl=en&ei=ghYdSpCdDIKx-QbQ3cjDCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Mungur - tribe of Nepal.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=KoNT6tjk9mQC&pg=PA32&lpg=PA32&dq=Mungur+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=oRPTEXFVcu&sig=L1jEWX58FdkOJfQWg78Igw7xF8I&hl=en&ei=kyIdSpfDK8zN-Qa0p-TDCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Murai, Murao , from muli or radish.Subcaste of Kacchi - vegetable growers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA392&lpg=PA392&dq=Murai++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va2DkSyWY&sig=BNTRkEjyh90fs80TihMyJ1hWprI&hl=en&ei=otwLSqCCE9irjAfaxsieBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Muslim or Musalman, Mahomedan  - belonging to the Islamic faith - followers of Islam.

www.books.google.com/books?id=76c1VSYnPE0C&pg=PA262&lpg=PA262&dq=%22nao%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=vh0ZYZC5SE&sig=H9eGIUj4uTK7ITwzC9j0aAE1hSA&hl=en&ei=GrtEStSJHsPZ-QaI04UT&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Musti - Subcaste of Goala (sheep and cattle-herders).

www.tripatlas.com/Gounder_(caste)

 

Muthrasi, Mutrasi, Mutracha - Village watchmen and stone-workers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA392&lpg=PA392&dq=Muthrasi+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va3EfTGP4&sig=a2ju_3X3Djr2x5SNDPIxK4jwTkY&hl=en&ei=T-gbSonnPMHO-Aa3n5TXAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Nadar - Warrior Caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nadar_(caste)

 

Nagara - Telegu Caste, Nagara means a drum.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=UQUtQzPtC6wC&pg=PA139&lpg=PA139&dq=%22Nagara%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=LjPXa0dySZ&sig=vPbM_NNFUdBeKoXa6IEYvBybr4M&hl=en&ei=pjgdSqjxHIHL-AaAw6jnBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7

 

Nagavumsa - Telegu Caste Nagara means a drum. - a subdivision of the Palli (Agriculturalists) Caste.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=UQUtQzPtC6wC&pg=PA139&lpg=PA139&dq=%22Nagara%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=LjPXa0dySZ&sig=vPbM_NNFUdBeKoXa6IEYvBybr4M&hl=en&ei=pjgdSqjxHIHL-AaAw6jnBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7

 

Nai, Nao, Napit - Barber caste.

www.books.google.com/books?id=76c1VSYnPE0C&pg=PA262&lpg=PA262&dq=%22nao%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=vh0ZYZC5SE&sig=H9eGIUj4uTK7ITwzC9j0aAE1hSA&hl=en&ei=GrtEStSJHsPZ-QaI04UT&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Naick,Nayak, Nayaka, Nayakar,  Naicker, Naickan, Nayakkan. They are all derivatives of the original Sanskrit Nayaka, meaning a leader.

www.wapedia.mobi/en/Nayak_(title)

 

Naidu, Naidoo means leader.

www.wapedia.mobi/en/Nayak_(title)

 

Nair - Warrior caste, land managers and administrators.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nair

 

Nambiar - Nair Sub-caste - Warrior class.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nambiar_(Nair_subcaste)

 

Napit - Barber caste.

www.banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/N_0051.htm

 

Nat - Entertainers.

www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VBF-4BFXP75-2&_user=2822922&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000058881&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=2822922&md5=4185c09706603ab8792224607b1eeedf

 

Natha - Headman.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=HdSABP70H9sC&pg=PA215&lpg=PA215&dq=%22Nattan%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=G3G1oFW9DC&sig=7uOnkIA4g31pPS20gy0JyJplmSs&hl=en&ei=2zIdSq6rFoPI-Aang6nnBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Nattars were an administrative officials in the Tamil kingdoms.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nattar

 

Nai, Nau - muslim barber.

www.books.google.com/books?id=76c1VSYnPE0C&pg=PA262&lpg=PA262&dq=%22nao%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=vh0ZYZC5SE&sig=H9eGIUj4uTK7ITwzC9j0aAE1hSA&hl=en&ei=GrtEStSJHsPZ-QaI04UT&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Navithan, Navithar (Tamil) - Barber caste.

www.books.google.com/books?id=8QPtAAAAIAAJ&q=%22Navithar%22+%22barbar%22&dq=%22Navithar%22+%22barbar%22

 

Newar - Varios occupations - see link.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newar_Caste

 

Neyalu - Andhra/Telegu  Caste?

 

Noonia, Nuniya, or Noniya are Lonia or Nunia, or Loniya, Nonia are from the Uppara caste (Salt and Lime preparers/workers).

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppara

 

Odayan- Of the Kapu (protector) Caste, Udayan or Odeyer is a title commonly used - agrarian community.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_(caste)

 

Odda - Kallu Oddas are stone workers while Manu Oddas are earthworkers, Odda Balija were seafarers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=bgpEIb4tNjgC&pg=PT66&lpg=PT66&dq=Odda+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k0G68Kj7pT&sig=DnEHTzILUafTjAMytW1tAeIqa9U&hl=en&ei=WFQeSs_RLeOwtgek5dXsAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Odeyer - Of the Kapu (protector) Caste, Udayan or Odeyer is a title commonly used - agrarian community.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_(caste)

 

Oilmonger -Chakkan, gandla, ganiga, sappaliga, telli, vaniyan? - The name Teli is given because of their profession of "making edible oil".

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teli

 

Ojha - A Caste of Gond augurs. Ojh meaning entrails.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA394&lpg=PA394&dq=%22Okkilyan%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va3GbWySZ&sig=1yhxNqOkDuuFGxPD5wR0vTk0AEM&hl=en&ei=_2EeSo-2Dsuu_AbAks3JBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Okkilyan - synonym for Wakkaliga. Agriculturalists

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=P_t3zmwNQVwC&pg=PA394&lpg=PA394&dq=%22Okkilyan%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=0Va3GbWySZ&sig=1yhxNqOkDuuFGxPD5wR0vTk0AEM&hl=en&ei=_2EeSo-2Dsuu_AbAks3JBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Oppara or  Uppara meaning  'a person who works in salt'.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppara

 

Oriya - person from Orissa? Oriya (Language).

www.everyculture.com/wc/Germany-to-Jamaica/Oriya.html

 

Padayachi is one of the subsects of the Vanniyar caste. Traditionally Padayachis were foot soldiers.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Padayatchi

 

Padmasali - Telugu weaver Caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Padmashali

 

Palaiyakkarar, poligar, polygar or palegar was the title for a class of territorial administrative cum military chiefs.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palaiyakkarar

 

Palla- Agricultural labourers - Tamil.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pallar

 

Pallar or Pallan  - a caste of agricultural labourers.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pallar

 

Palli means a warrior.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanniyar

 

Palli-Kapu means a warrior. Kapu in Telegu means to protect.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_(caste)

 

Pan - originally weavers.

www.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080412024514AAvp2i9

 

Panaka is a sweet juicy syrup. - place as well.

 

Panan - Tailors, magicians and conjurers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=Erin3nkU3ZUC&pg=PA30&lpg=PA30&dq=Panan++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=1KYXzAvdmA&sig=MiliASGZvjj7aIeJszDjZRoZZB8&hl=en&ei=9acfSp3ABoTI-AbY-Y3NCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Panchama or Pancharam caste . Originally considered as Panchama or the fifth group beyond the four fold division of the caste system, untoucables, forbidden to worship/draw water as caste Hindus-  usually lived in segregated main village.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dalit

 

Pandaram - landowners and priests.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Indian_caste_system

 

Panday - Brahmin Caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pandey

 

Pangi - a tribal habitat in the Himalayas.

www.books.google.com/books?id=UQUtQzPtC6wC&pg=PA17&lpg=PA17&dq=Pangi+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=LjPXb6bCR2&sig=1_-FBfoneLY3_gNm_xgvWH8ngo8&hl=en&ei=YaMfSqrCLsKe-AajqpCoCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Panicker was derived from the Sanskrit word 'Parinayaka' meaning 'captain of warriors'.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panicker

 

Panisavan /Paniyan -literally means 'one who works or does service' - they carry news to the relations of the dead and also engaged in agriculture.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=Erin3nkU3ZUC&pg=PA57&lpg=PA57&dq=pan%CC%A3iyan+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=1KYXzAsagz&sig=79-E9uTU1AU4F5gzurusKwXgga4&hl=en&ei=1JofSpn4FtrR-QbJ16S8CQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8

 

Panjari - Muslim class - Andra Pradesh.

www.indiarightsonline.com/Sabrang/relipolcom13.nsf/5e7647d942f529c9e5256c3100376e2e/8340c6909c2145f865256df0002554db/$FILE/Dudekula+Muslims+of+Andhra+Pradesh.pdf

 

Panka - Dravidian Caste of weavers and labourers.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=CLTfRUOuQ1YC&pg=PA401&lpg=PA401&dq=%22Panka%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=pER79PuWdm&sig=v_y3-zZkJ3aoygANOhLKM11eUtc&hl=en&ei=zpMeSt7HG4PK_ga9m43KBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Panna - grass cutters.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panna_caste

 

Paravan - fishermen caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paravan

 

Paria, Pariya - Labourers in agrculture or industry - untouchables. Paraiyar denotes drum beaters as well as general agricultural labourers.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraiyar

 

Parisa - assemblies or orders - possibly  Buddhists?

www.greatwesternvehicle.org/ati_website/glossary.html

 

Parsee or Parsi are members of the Zoroastrian community.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parsee

 

Pasee, Pasi. Toddy-drawer, caste lives by tapping palm for its juice to make liquor. Pasi (noose or belt) by means of which palm is climbed.

www.goudindia.com/Goud-Toddy-drawers.php

 

Pathan - A Military group.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pashtun_people

 

Pattanavan - fishing caste of Tamil Nadu.

www.mapsofindia.com/tamilnadu/beaches/pulicat.html

 

Patwa (pat meaning silk) - engaged is silk and cotton tread business.

www.books.google.com/books?id=4bfmnmsBfQ4C&pg=PA1690&lpg=PA1690&dq=Patahar+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=HFrhrbIcIL&sig=OSa8bBVE6zU64EpPFNK-uhPXegg&hl=en&ei=YKwfSp7BNcqY-gaP5JCoCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Perika - gunny bag weavers -bags made of jute fibre.

www.books.google.com/books?id=r-ffeWmj2JUC&pg=PA11&lpg=PA11&dq=Periki+%22caste%22&source=bl&ots=5Be157AHQk&sig=3cm0o0aZctlzV96VO3W6fWaI_tU&hl=en&ei=2ocjStz8OtnT-QaLnIy7CQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Pillai, Pillay, Pulle or Pilli - of Vellala Caste - agriculture and landlords.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pillai

 

Pinjari - Muslim class - Andra Pradesh.

www.indiarightsonline.com/Sabrang/relipolcom13.nsf/5e7647d942f529c9e5256c3100376e2e/8340c6909c2145f865256df0002554db/$FILE/Dudekula+Muslims+of+Andhra+Pradesh.pdf

 

Poojali - Tamil Priests.

www.www3.qeh.ox.ac.uk/pdf/qehwp/qehwps31.pdf

 

Potters - of Kumhar, Kamhar, Kohar castes.

www.parliamentofindia.nic.in/lsdeb/ls10/ses5/3027119204.htm

 

Pulla - farmer? Pulla = stick , also Pulla = sour but not sweet. Could be Pallar caste - agriculturalists.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=J0gwZ_MBkmMC&pg=PA74&lpg=PA74&dq=%22Pulla%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=p9UpuxQYBl&sig=n7DqxeBjFOoEoYoieG1DQHUe-Ts&hl=en&ei=gIoeSq6LHYTE_QaAy9HKBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Pundarula - Telugu Caste.

www.archive.org/stream/variouscensusin00unkngoog/variouscensusin00unkngoog_djvu.txt

 

Pydee - Agricultural labour Caste.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=psw5AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA57&lpg=PA57&dq=Paidi+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=gk9bMbOiRa&sig=r9F9931OIRMCD1cSMNcoAkm7AV0&hl=en&ei=CJYfSpy9MM6w-Aas1eTSBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Rabari or Rewari - Rabari's main business used to be raising cattle, camels and goats.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rabari

 

Raidas or Ravidas(Saint)  was of cobbler caste.

www.vlex.in/vid/kishorilal-hans-raja-ram-singh-ors-29690683

 

Rajbansi- Bengali caste.

www.books.google.com/books?id=Yib9wsfFMdQC&pg=PA32&lpg=PA32&dq=Rajhansi+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=VBWfojAFgn&sig=R4Cq4R88v56gHSzRKdKHTNo6luk&hl=en&ei=_9AjSr_gHJLN-Qbg-ZzZCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Rajbhur, Rajbhar - means the earth, hence  labourers, traditionally warriors.

www.archive.org/stream/notesonnorthwest00raikrich/notesonnorthwest00raikrich_djvu.txt

 

Rajput - Initially a warrior clan but largely farmers and landowners.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajput

 

Raju - Military tribe - raju comes from the Sanskrit word Raj or Raja meaning King.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajus

 

Rajwar- a cultivating caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamwal

 

Ramjani - Professional singers and dancers?

www.books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA95&lpg=PA95&dq=%22Ramjani%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmmEf46MP&sig=Pnon14zO3yIUrsJkom_pEaNrL1s&hl=en&ei=yYBpSpa9EJOZjAfipoCeCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10

 

Rastogi - craftsmen in gold.

www.rastogimc.blogspot.com/

 

Rawat - herdsmen.

www.books.google.com/books?id=yhV2DkrdNFkC&pg=PA391&lpg=PA391&dq=Rawat+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=La5QyzObNv&sig=yRNjonoKQFnLo52vesToz-tjQ74&hl=en&ei=s6wjSsb2KpPN-Qb7_aSzCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Reddy, Reddi -  Landowners and ruling class of ancient Telugu society. Many Reddys migrated to Tamilnadu centuries ago and formed a distinct community.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reddy

 

Rellie - Caste in Andra Pradesh - agriculture.

www.odi.org.uk/resources/download/1998.pdf

 

Roniyar - traders.

www.vaishfederation.in/about-us/vaish-subcast.htm

 

Sagidi - a toddy tapper community - make liquor from palm trees.

www.books.google.com/books?id=eZfcbtn6byIC&pg=PA321&lpg=PA321&dq=%22Sagidi%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=Q57ITV-b5S&sig=vpirL9qTL1jyerDB0vb4o7vfSy0&hl=en&ei=dismSrq3BcHM-AbD9aC3AQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Saithwar, 'Sainthwar' word is derived from 'Sihat-war ' which simply means 'one who left Sihat' - Rajasthan, Kashmir and Punjab states and settled in eastern Uttar Pradesh and

Western Bihar.

www.rithuakhor.tripod.com/rithuakhor.htm

 

Sakala, Sakala or Chakla means a dhobi or washerman.

www.books.google.com/books?id=lYSd-3yL9h0C&pg=PA143&lpg=PA143&dq=%22Sakla%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=aCmiAf_dST&sig=qGzL_1DA1Pfn1TbtJfLEkTznyx4&hl=en&ei=1UgmSvCpA8XN-Aa4k6HNDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Sakkili - (Telugu ) Sakkiliar also Chakilli, Sakkili and Arunthathiyar - menial labourers - night soil removers.

www.telugupedia.com/wiki/index.php?title=Sakkiliar

 

Sali, Saliya ,Chaliyan, Seniyar or Sale - Weavers.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaliyan

 

Saman means things, wares hence "one who deals in wares'

www.members.cox.net/wgunasegaram/CH8.htm

 

Samanta? - warriors.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samanta_Kshatriya

 

Sanapathi / Sanapathy - a Telugu Caste - headman or chief resolves disputes etc.

www.lankalibrary.com/phpBB/viewtopic.php?f=19&t=4576

 

Sanar - Toddy drawers - extract juice from plam trees - a form of drink in days when no tea or coffee was available.

www.thinnai.com/?module=displaystory&story_id=80612281&format=print

 

Santal - initially hunters and food-gatherers later became a peasant society - agriculture.

www.books.google.com/books?id=PBxOrV2oEtAC&pg=PA76&lpg=PA76&dq=Santal+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=uLlvGBk0Oo&sig=CZXccTmbD-0JTpiUpp4FcpLaOuk&hl=en&ei=5W8mSs-hEpvU-Qam_8nPDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3

 

Saora, Soura, Sowrah, Sora, Savara - caste of Orissa.

www.books.google.com/books?id=qxxnZ4XxUbsC&pg=PA84&lpg=PA84&dq=%22Saura%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=fCJfLI3U6C&sig=3P4m2J-YVe0oc3a2XpKXG5rQFzA&hl=en&ei=iDQmSsnuLMHQ-AbhoayvDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Satani - a caste of temple servants.

https://www.vedamsbooks.com/no42351.htm

 

Sayyid - descendants of Ali, son -in-law of Mohamed - Muslims.

www.books.google.com/books?id=UQUtQzPtC6wC&pg=RA1-PA391&lpg=RA1-PA391&dq=Sayad+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=LjPY617FQ6&sig=-HzWDNX5-NsS0BOR-fGUe8s8Iic&hl=en&ei=t3ImSu7hMMeA-AbIjtDPDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Sedar or Chedar - weavers.

www.wapedia.mobi/en/Gadhavi

 

Sembadava - fishing caste.

www.articles.hosuronline.com/articleD.asp?pID=1068&PCat=31

 

Senguntha, Sengunthar - a warrior Caste.

www.scribd.com/doc/5517432/SENGUNTHAR

 

Serva or Agamudian - Agamudaiyan" or "Ahamudaiyan". " derived from the root aham, which, in Tamil, has many significations.In one of these, it means a house, in another earth, hence householder or landowner or agriculturalists

www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Mukkulathor

 

Shanan - Warrior Caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nadar_(caste)

 

Shatria - Warrior Caste.

www.correlator.sandbox.yahoo.net/index.php/people/Kshatriya

 

Sheik - Muslim.

 

Shepherd - Kuruba, Gorava, Ahir or Pal caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special%3ASearch&search=Shepherd+caste&fulltext=Search

 

Shoemaker -Leatherworker caste - any of Chambar, Chamaar, Chamar,   (Teleugu cobblers (chura); Muchi, Giniya, Nakha, Charikara).

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chamar

 

Sikari- Hunters.

www.maharashtra.gov.in/english/gazetteer/YAVATMAL/people_castes.html

 

Sikhism - followers of Guru Nanak.

www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/543916/Sikhism/253170/The-rejection-of-caste

 

Singalese - language?

www.books.google.com/books?id=b0NEREFz8p0C&pg=RA1-PA116&lpg=RA1-PA116&dq=Singalese+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=WJ4XU5sOPq&sig=3EdYh5vFdmtCysr3r3bSTAZYx3E&hl=en&ei=A-ooSr_-JIOy-QaZ8eX5CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Singh - derived from the Sanskrit word Simha meaning lion.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singh

 

Sirdar - Headman.

 

Siviars are royal palanquin bearers. When referred to as Bestha Siviar then besthas are fishermen.

www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Caste_system_in_Sri_Lanka

 

Sola weed which grows alongside rice is grown by the gardener caste -used to make sola hats or topis.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=3VQTAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA1-PA389&lpg=RA1-PA389&dq=Sola+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=emKCX8hES4&sig=hY1BvZwUQGbgvJhYOoTUbLiBUY8&hl=en&ei=ZdwoSu9Fm4P4BpzrhIMJ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10

 

Sonar - community of goldsmiths, silversmiths and jewellers.

www.indianetzone.com/36/sonar_hindu_caste.htm

 

Sudarman - an elder or headman.

www.books.google.com/books?id=FnB3k8fx5oEC&pg=PA118&lpg=PA118&dq=%22Sudarman%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=KbdOr6INb-&sig=9S7xJTTRtZjylj-DLE1g25K9o4w&hl=en&ei=yiolSuGSDsXF-QaY2vneBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5

 

Sudgope - landowners.

www.books.google.com/books?id=r7ar3x8KAOsC&pg=PA131&lpg=PA131&dq=%22Sadgope%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=14keZgZUiF&sig=l_Xdhll9fc0zZd6qq6_lfZsCDOM

 

Sudra - servants and labourers - farmers, craftsmen and labourers.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shudra

 

Sundhi, Sondhi, Sudi- is derived from the Sanskrit Shaundik, a spirit-seller or distillers of alcohol.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shudra

 

Sweeper - could be any of Bhangi, Mihtar, Pore, Mahar, Valmiki castes.

www.books.google.com/books?id=DUsxDMyv3fcC&pg=PA12&lpg=PA12&dq=Mehtar+Bhangi&source=bl&ots=0LyJVohsKZ&sig=I755a7I-lGGMcfi_s4LiB6xsYlU&hl=en&ei=-oFpSsrqItagjAf-5uimCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Talayari - village watchmen.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=2qx-smrZLyUC&pg=PA114&lpg=PA114&dq=Talayari+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=RxEab-txoI&sig=_aevtxu0fXRQJNJWL_rXiSnm8DQ&hl=en&ei=Nc0sSpuoH83MjAeDrunuCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4

 

Tali -Subdivision of the Kaikolins meaning "red dagger in the hand".

www.books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA390&lpg=PA390&dq=%22Tali%22++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p4S6bXCh&sig=mwYbB6NgIuNWhZpq3qaXqL5G_iY&hl=en&ei=XhIpStGOAYPH-AaO_d3qCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7

 

Tamboli, Tamoli - A Caste of betel vine growers and betel leaf sellers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=G6k03mvHoBwC&pg=PA66&lpg=PA66&dq=Tamoli+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=NhH6m2VRax&sig=IztTvsVaGq0yNCt9yzz3VocYzhU&hl=en&ei=7vIoSpapAYPV-Aan373yCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9

 

Tantwa or Tanti - weavers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=Be3PCvzf-BYC&pg=PA276&lpg=PA276&dq=Tantwa+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=9i5rP9nfvp&sig=pk2BrukfZpn2oG4ujzDPKWCHXn0&hl=en&ei=0A8pSrf1EMHL-AbQouT-CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Telaga is a warrior sub caste or division of the Kapu, or Naidu community of Andhra Pradesh.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telaga

 

Teli - The name Teli is given because of their profession of "making edible oil".

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teli

 

Thakur - Landowner/agriculturalist.

www.umanitoba.ca/institutes/natural_resources/mountain/book/5/3.html

 

Thalayari - village watchmen.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=73msCkfD5V8C&pg=PA84&lpg=PA84&dq=%22Thalayari+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=jyTpXiwgP1&sig=M37lK3iJVOPa9cm7Ek1TStQH_oA&hl=en&ei=jeosSuvlMIq2-Qahp5iBCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Thambar - part of Dhangar clan - shepherds.

www.bookrags.com/wiki/Dhangar

 

Thandan or Thandar caste -tree climbing and coconut plucking are their traditional occupation. Their women folk engage in coconut palm leaf platting, rope making and also work as agricultural labourer.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thandan

 

Thapa - a Nepalese Tribe.

www.books.google.com/books?id=AiU50pM_z6MC&pg=PA286&lpg=PA286&dq=Thapa+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=wF1A9Cw9vO&sig=h9WuEu7-xCwGkDBKsUgUKroYNDA&hl=en&ei=kA0pSt_eFsS0-Abfj7n2CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Thatera - Communities making ornaments, weapons, pottery and other labor-based items.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepalese_caste_system

 

Thattar- Goldsmiths.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=5AQcVvbHzdcC&pg=PA21&lpg=PA21&dq=%22Thattar%22%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=NS-cBtnSWm&sig=jBR2rl8zb7ghs5pzY-DpcOme9dQ&hl=en&ei=1v0sSvaDN8O9-Ab9-eWMCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Thavars - comprise of three roughly designated groups, Kallar, Maravar and Agamudaiyar, which make up the community. many of the members are still agriculturalists,

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thevar

 

Thenga means stick or coconut.

www.cciori.org/binjigiri_1.htm

 

Theva , Deva, Dewar caste (also known as ‘Kaibarta’) specifically refers to the fishing communities.

www.insightjnu.blogspot.com/2005/09/dewar-caste-and-its-identity.html

 

Thevanga - a Telugu Caste , Chetty among both Tamils and Telugus - agriculture and trade.

www.4to40.com/newsat4/index.asp?id=2170&city=Coimbatore

 

Thigalas also known as Thigalava or Thigalaru. Tigalas are a sub caste of the numerous Vanniar caste (largely farmers)of Tamil Nadu and Southern Andhra Pradesh.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tigala

 

Thiyan - Toddy tappers - make liquor from palm trees.

www.books.google.com/books?id=nJMs-r0FY50C&pg=PA324&lpg=PA324&dq=thiyan+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=i3p3S9fREm&sig=UuP7BWcpv7F3ZgWimveLjK1uhSU&hl=en&ei=r1IaSoyqEcbG-Qa_3pXMDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2

 

Thiyas were traditionally employed as Farmers,  Ayurveda Physicians, Warriors, and Traders, and were also involved in toddy tapping.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezhava

 

Thogata - Tailors and dyers.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telugu_castes

 

Tholuvan - a Telugu Caste.

www.archive.org/stream/variouscensusin00unkngoog/variouscensusin00unkngoog_djvu.txt

 

Toddy tappers - make drink from palm trees in days when no tea or coffee was available. - Pausee or Sanar Caste?

www.goudindia.com/Goud-Toddy-drawers.php

 

Toty - sweeper in village, feeds cattle, and carry letters to/from officials.

www.books.google.co.za/books?id=c8HQxY3h-6EC&pg=PA76&lpg=PA76&dq=%22Toty%22%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=YcaI2EPEaW&sig=HMMOLYGSX16l8aZBcqZ6i4aSS6I&hl=en&ei=-PEsSqjjJ9XT-QaR2sTqCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6

 

Tulukkar - Muslim Tamils , traders etc.

www.books.google.com/books?id=MTh4pixlifYC&pg=PA73&lpg=PA73&dq=%22Tulukkar%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k6scTsTuka&sig=JXcdzMzFJ001yQlx5V_5wExcnsg&hl=en&ei=oRkuSrJ61buMB4H77ZAL&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Turha - Turaihas are also known as Turai, Turaha, Turahiya - fishermen tribe.

www.joshuaproject.net/peopctry.php?rop3=113816&rog3=IN

 

Tussah - probably weavers?

www.books.google.com/books?id=7WEDVuzAFekC&pg=PA305&lpg=PA305&dq=%22Tussah%22++%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=k_H5hMYQlo&sig=4Ix9dtNyBLC5lbredMqZPX2zlSk&hl=en&ei=6BwpSpT5JITM-Aapv5D7CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1

 

Udayan - Of the Kapu (protector) Caste, Udayan or Odeyer is a title commonly used.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapu_(caste)

 

Uppaaras , also called upara , uppara , upar are Agriculturalists. Uppara meaning is 'a person who works in salt' or a mason.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppara

 

Vadugan - means "people from the north" - mostly engaged in toddy tapping, ayurvedic treatments.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaduge

 

Vakkaliga - Animal husbandry, settled cultivation and horticulture are the traditional occupations of this community.

www.joshuaproject.net/peopctry.php?rog3=IN&rop3=113838

 

Valayan - fishermen.

www.books.google.com/books?id=Be3PCvzf-BYC&pg=PA357&lpg=PA357&dq=Valaya+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=9i5rTdifwi&sig=HZV-lID495lxuwKKH0tzPQN336M&hl=en&ei=C7MvSsXgN4XB-AbsoJCBCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7

 

Valluvan are Astrologers and priests.

www.saivaneri.org/pillais_or_pillay_origin_of_surname_pillai_or_pillay-treatise2.htm

 

Vanniar or Vannia or vaniah is the title of a feudal chief of medieval Sri Lanka. - largely farmers (Tamil).

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanniar_(Chieftain)

 

Veddas were originally hunter-gatherers. They used bows and arrows to hunt game, and also gathered wild plants and honey.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vedda

 

Velama or Elama is one of the older feudal castes or social groups in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh . Mostly farmers though initially warriors.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velama

 

Vellalans or Velalars are a caste of Tamil agricultural landlords in the states of Tamil Nadu.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vellalar

 

Vettaikkaaran or Vettaikaran, meaning "hunter" in Tamil,  Vettuvan in Telugu means hunter as well.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vettaikkaran

 

Vettuvan - hunters.

www.telugupedia.com/wiki/index.php?title=Mudiraju

 

Villi or Villiya means a 'bow-man' or hunter.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodiya

 

Vithava - a widow or person who gave up or postphoned marriage.

www.forumhub.mayyam.com/hub/viewtopic.php?p=36174

 

Vodda, Vaddar or Odda -divided into Kalu (Stone), Manu(earth) and Uppa (salt) workers.

www.books.google.com/books?id=k--C9xHsSnEC&pg=PA116&lpg=PA116&dq=%22Vodda%22+%22Caste%22&source=bl&ots=Q-NQBvKJgo&sig=PXWn_Ql4MXZsKr5dRBUDhlhh5QI&hl=en&ei=xYcvSrKyF4PSjAens7GXCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7

 

Vorya - Tamil Caste name.

 

Vysia - trading caste.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vysya

 

Waiter - Usually were special servants.

 

Washerman - The Dhoby or Dhobi caste are Washermen.

www.indianetzone.com/31/dhobi_washerman_caste.htm

 

Weaver (Sali, Saliya, Jolaha ,Chaliyan, Devanga or similar caste).

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devanga

 

Woopara, Uppaaras , also called upara , uppara , upar are Agriculturalists. Uppara meaning is 'a person who works in salt' or a mason.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppara

 

Yadavs were known for their bravery and diplomatic wisdom (Governance).

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yadav

 

Yanadi or Yenadi - The Yanadi are located in Andhra Pradesh, southern India. They speak Yanadi, which belongs to the Telugu language family.The Yanadi are mainly rural farmers,

www.prayway.com/unreached/peoplegroups2/1489.html

 

Yata - Toddy tappers - make drink from palm trees in days when no tea or coffee was available. Are also weavers of mats and baskets, made from the palm leaf.

www.goudindia.com/Goud-Toddy-drawers.php

 

Yediga, Edigas or Idigas? are people living mainly in Karnataka.Edigas are involved in soma and Ayurvedic medicine in ancient days and later as toddy-tappers of palm trees to make liquor.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idiga

 

Yenadi , Yanadi are located in Andhra Pradesh, southern India. They speak Yanadi, which belongs to the Telugu language family.The Yanadi are mainly rural farmers.

www.prayway.com/unreached/peoplegroups2/1489.html

 

Yerukala,  Erukala, or Kurru. They are called as ‘Yerukula’ in Andhra Pradesh after their women’s traditional profession of fortune telling (Eruka cheputa) - Initially hunters and gatherers. Later agriculturalists, petty traders in mats, ropes etc.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yerukala

 

Zamindar - A landowner; also, a collector of land revenue.

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zamindari_system

Last updated : 10-Nov-2016

This article was produced for South African History Online on 09-Nov-2016