Lives of Courage

Related articles

Political assassinations 1974 - 1994

1974

February Botswana Abraham Onkgopotse Tiro SASO Parcel bomb.   - Zambia John Dube ANC Parcel bomb.

1978

8 January

Durban Dr. Rick Turner Banned political scientist at University of Natal Shot dead at home.   - Swaziland John Majola ANC Killed after being abducted.   - Swaziland Khela (codename) ANC Abducted and killed.

1980

4 June

Manzini, Swaziland Patrick Makau, and his child (9) ANC/MK Bomb attack on 2 houses.

1981

1 August

Harare, Zimbabwe Joe Cqabi ANC National executive committee member and chief representative in Zimbabwe Car bomb (several attempts on his life before).   October Vlakplaas Peter Dlamini Vuyani Mavuso ANC ANC/MK Dlamini handed himself over to C-10, Mavuso was captured in the Matola raid, both were shot dead and burnt.   October Komatipoort Sizwe Kondile ANC Detained in PE, brought to Komatipoort, killed and burnt   19 Nov. Umlazi, Durban Griffiths Mxenge Civil rights attorney, former ANC member Found stabbed after being abducted.   - Gaborone, Botswana Unnamed man ANC & unionist (SACTU) Car bomb.

1982

4 June

Mbabane, Swaziland Petrus Nzima Jabu Nzima Both ANC Car bomb.   June Maseru, Lesotho Z.P. Mbali ANC Found decapitated after disappearance on 27June 1982.   August Lesotho Unnamed person   car bomb meant for Chris Hani (MK)   17 August Maputo, Mozambique Ruth First ANC, academic, wife of Joe Slovo (SACP) Parcel bomb.

1983

- Driefontein Saul Mkize Community leader Shot dead while addressing a crowd on forced removal.

22 Nov.

Manzini, Swaziland Keith McFadden, Zwelakhe Nyanda Both ANC Shot dead by 2 gunmen.   Gaga, Nengeni / Negeni, 19 1965/5/7 Transkei Natural causes

 

1984

28 June

Lubango, Angola Jeanette Curtis Schoon, and daughter Katryn (6) ANC and unionist (SACTU) Parcel bomb.

13 Sept.

Soweto Bongani Khumalo Student activist (COSAS) Shot dead by police.

1985

- Vryburg Gasuebe Hubhuli Activist Shot dead.

14 May

Gaborone, Botswana Vernon Nkadimeng Son of SACTU General Secretary Car bomb.

June

East Rand Alex Pilane Student activist (COSAS) Abducted and beaten to death.

June

Near Port Elizabeth Matthew Goniwe Sparrow Mkhonto Ford Calata Sicelo Mhlawuli UDF and Cradora UDF and Cradora UDF UDF Disappeared on 27 June 1985. later found killed.

1 August

Umlazi, Durban Victoria Mxenge UDF, lawyer Shot and hacked to death.

25 August

Natal north coast Toto Dweba UDF and Natal Freedom Charter Committee Found mutilated.

August

East Rand Brian Mbulelo Mazibuko Activist, former prisoner Stabbed.

September

Durban Thabo Mokoena UDF and unionist Abducted and killed.

19 Sept.

Pimville Godfrey Thuso Phuso High School pupil Shot dead by passing motorist.   - Thabong, OFS Sello Mofokeng (15), Teboho Bokopane (17), Oupanyana Mabenyana (17) All youths Killed by vigilantes.

24 Sept.

Cala, Transkei Batandwa Ndondo (22) ANC and student leader Found shot dead the day he was picked up by security police.

16 Nov.

Gaborone, Botswana 4 South African exiles killed   Car bomb.

December

Tumahole, Parys, OFS Lefu Rasego Student activist (COSAS) Found hacked and burnt to death after being abducted.

December

- Ian Zamisa Uoionist (SAAWU) Abducted and shot dead.   - Zwelitsha, Ciskei Zalisile Matyholo Student activist (former SASO) Found dead.

 

1986

 

12 March Atteridgeville/ Saulsville Esther Masuku Mother of youth activist And SACC member Oupa M. Handgrenade thrown in house (Oupa was injured).

April

Atteridgeville, Pretoria Frank Martin   Petrol bomb attack on home.

April

Bongweni, Eastern Cape Lindile April Organiser of local consumer boycott Found dead.

14 April

Koster; Western Transvaal William Oliphant Unionist (SAAWU) Found dead on a farm after being abducted 2 weeks earlier.

19 May

Kagiso; West Rand 5 family members Entire family of Morgan Montoedi (Krugersdorp Resident's Organisation) Petrol bomb attack on home.

28 May

Oukasie, near Brits Joyce Modimoeng Wife of unionist David (MAWU) Bomb thrown in house (husband was injured).

May

Soweto Diliza Matshoba UDF and SACC Doubtful car crash.

2 June

near Mbabane; Swaziland Pansu Smith; Sipho Dlamini, Busi Majola All ANC Found shot dead.

June

Bronkhorstspruit Stanley Nhlapo   Abducted, his body was found later.

19 June

- Joseph Mothopeng Allegedly ANC Abducted, escaped, shot dead the same day.

20 June

Chesterville Muntu Khanyile, Joseph Mthembu, Sandile Khawula; Russel Mngomezulu All Chesterville Youth Organisation Shot dead.   - - Sidney Mbisi Former bodyguard of Oliver Tambo (ANC) Abducted from Swaziland in July 1986, detained, shot dead after his release.   - near Port Elizabeth Sonwabo Ngxale AZAPO Abducted, later found stabbed and shot dead.

August

Port Elizabeth Fuzile Lupulwana AZAPO Abducted, stabbed and burnt to death.

19 Sept.

Atteridgeville, Pretoria Walter Ledwaba (16) Youth Bomb attack on home.

October

Mbabane, Swaziland 3 people ANC (2) Shot dead in home.

October

New Brighton, PE Mzimkhulu Sogawayi Former prisoner, possibly PAC Shot dead after having received death threats.

1 December

Mamelodi Dr. Fabian Ribeiro Florence Ribeiro Former detainee, Activist. His wife, sister of PAC leader Shot dead (there was an earlier attack on their home in March 1986   - - Jomo Mkize Detainee support group worker Beaten, stabbed and hacked to death in view of locals.

 

1987

 

January

Mbabane, Swaziland 4 people Allegedly ANC Killed.

5 April

Mozambique Gibson Ncube ANC Poisoning.

10 May

Soweto Yvonne Ntsele Senaoane Secondary School pupil Shot dead.

14 May

Harare, Zimbabwe Tsitsi Chiliza Wife of ANC Chief Representative R. Mzimba Booby-trapped TV.

24 May

Outside Mbabane, Swaziland Theopholis Dlodlo, Tutu Nkwanyane, Mildred Msomi ANC members Shot dead in car.

5 June

Soweto Nkosinathi S. Shabangu SOSCO and Senaoane Secondary School pupil Shot dead.

24 July

Ciskei Mxolile Eric Mntonga IDASA Border Region director & civic activist Found stabbed in his car- the trial revealed that he was killed in police cells.

29 July

Mbabane, Swaziland Cassius Make, Paul Dikeledi, Eliza Tsinini ANC (NEC)/MK ANC Shot dead after their car was stopped near Matsapa Airport.

6 August

Swaziland 1 South African, 1 Mozambican   Shot dead.

23 August

Daveyton Caiphus Nyoka Student leader Shot dead while police raiding his home.

2 Sept.

Dube Village (Soweto) Samuel Siliso Ndlovu Student activist (SOSCO) Died from bullet wounds.

14 Nov.

Western Cape Mr. Mtosana Executive member of Western Cape Civic Association Found shot dead.

15 Nov.

Sebokeng Petrus Mnisi UWCC and Vaal Youth Congress Stabbed (second attack).

17 Nov.

Tsakane Amos Tshabalala Civic activist & CCAWUSA Stabbed.

 

1988

8 January

Francistown, Botswana Jacob Molokwane ANC Shot dead in his car.

11 January

Bulawayo, Zimbabwe 1 person killed   Car bomb in front of house of alleged ANC members.

13 January

Swaziland Sipho Ngema ANC Shot dead in restaurant.

25 January

Soweto Sicelo Godfrey Dhlomo DPSC Abducted and found shot dead.

29 January

Heldemoed, OFS Linda Brakvis UDF Found stabbed 3 days after release from detention.

10 February

Clermont, Durban Pearl Tshabalala UDF Shot dead.

27 February

Germiston Amos Boshomane Unionist (SEAWU) Shot dead (he survived an earlier attack on 25 November 1987).

6 March

- Nomsa Nduna Mother of unionist Shot dead.

March

Clermont, Durban Emmanuel Q. Khuzwayo School principal Found dead.

19 March

Paris, France Dulcie September ANC Chief Representative in France Shot dead after receiving death threats.

22 March

Maseru, Lesotho Mazizi Maqekeza ANC Shot dead whilst in hospital.

8 June

near Piet Retief Makhosi Nyoka, Lindiwe Mthembu, Surendra Naidu, Nontsikelelo Cothoza All ANC Shot dead in an ambush as alleged 'infiltrators', none was armed.

12 June

near Piet Retief Jabulani Sibisi, Joseph Mthembu, Sifiso Nxumalo, Nkosinthi Thenjekwayo All ANC Shot dead in an ambush as alleged 'infiltrators'

1 July

- Michael Banda Unionist (POTWA) Killed, police claim he died in a limpet mine blast.

July

Western Cape Mthuthuzali Payi Cape Youth Congress and unionist (FAWU) Disappeared during stayaway in June 1988, later found mutilated.     Pimville, Soweto Sipho Henry Tshabalala Secondary School pupil Shot dead.

September

Tumahole, OFS Lefu Nakedi Chairman of Tumahole Youth Congress Shot dead.

November

Zambia Z. Mkhonza ANC Car bomb.

November

- Mzuzwana Ndyogolo unionist (General Secretary of NEHAWU) Died in 'mysterious circumstances'.

November

Naboomspruit 2 shop stewards Unionists (CAWU) Shot dead.

23 December

near Zeerust Gladstone Sewela former Mandela United Football Club Found hanging from a tree the day of his release from Bophuthatswana security police custody.

 

1989

February

Adelaide Sawutini Booi President of Adelaide Youth Congress Petrol bomb attack on home.

12 February

Swaziland Derrick Mashobane, Thabo Mohale, Porta Shabangu Student activists, all SANSCO Found shot dead in a forest.

27 February

Clermont Sithembiso Dlamini, Siphephelo Dlamini Both Clermont Youth League Killed in Sithengele High School.

14 April

near Durban Chris Ntuli Former detainee, Kwa-Mashu/Ntuzuma youth activist Stabbed after returning from reporting to Inanda police station in compliance with his restriction orders.

April

near Lusaka, Zambia Seddhan Naidoo, Mtunzi Thole Both ANC Killed in attack on ANC farm.

1 May

Johannesburg David Webster Wits University lecturer, DPSC member Shot dead outside home.

21 May

Imbali, Pietermaritzburg Jabu Ndlovu, Jabulani Ndlovu, and their daughter Both trade unionists (NUMSA) Shot and burnt in attack on their home, Jabu later died in hospital.

May

near Cape Town Zolani Dala Khayelitsha civic activist Shot dead.

July

Sekhukhuneland David Gayisa Student activist (Pathudi College of Education) Found stabbed, police informed parents a few weeks later.

19 July

East Rand Bofana Sigasa Unionist Found floating in a dam bound hand and foot.

July

Potchefstroom Bashi Gugushe Former prisoner, student activist (AZASM) Stabbed.

July

Kempton Park Stanford Mazikwana Unionist (SACWU) Died as a result of injuries sustained in an attack by 4 whites.

July

Uitenhage Andile Sapotela Brother of NUMSA member Joe S. Firebomb attack on home of brother Joe.

11 August

KwaMashu Eric Gumede Youth League activist Shot dead 1 week after release from detention.

August

Cookhouse Samson Godola Youth activist Shot dead.

12 Sept.

Windhoek, Namibia Anton Lubowski SWAPO, advocate Shot dead with an AK47 at his Windhoek home.

4 November

Phola Park Themba Myapi Church fieldworker Mutilated body found.

28 December

Witbank Eric Liberty Civic leader Stabbed after numerous death threats.

1990

7 April

Alexandra Aldo Mogano Executive member of Alexandra Youth Congress Shot dead outside his home.

23 April

Gaborone, Botswana Sam Chand, his wife and 3 children PAC Shot dead.

23 May

Soweto-Naledi Simon Maswanganye Executive member of Soweto Civic Association Allegedly shot dead by group of men in a white minibus.

26 May

Langa, Western Cape Sidwell Nonno (32) SARHWU shop steward Mutilated body found.

1 June

Vosloorus Lindiwe Maziya (wife), Zwelakhe and Elizabeth (mother) Vosloorus Crisis Committee (all relatives of chairperson - Ali M.) Killed by unknown gunmen.

1 June

Vosloorus Bella Motsupi (grandmother of Vosloorus activist, Thuli Motsupi) Relative of activist. Killed.

7 June

Oukasie, Western Transvaal Abel Molokwane (31) Executive member of Brits Action Committee Shot dead by unknown gunmen.

13 June

Umtata Sipho Pungulwa ANC dissident Killed.

4 July

Soweto Sam Mabe PAC; deputy editor of Sowetan Shot dead in car by 2 gunmen.

2 August

Johannesburg Clement Msomi NUMSA organiser Shot dead by 2 men in a passing car.

30 September

Ndwedwe, Natal Iris Magwasa ANC organiser Shot dead at home

2 October

Durban Nic Cruse Worked for PC Plus, which had been started by people within the Mass Democratic Movement Killed when he opened a parcel containing a computer, which exploded.

2 October

Durban 3 guards of ANC lawyer ANC lawyer Shot dead by 8 men.

4 October

Umtata Selby Ngendane PAC Gunned down outside home.

12 October

Mdantsane, Ciskei Jeff Wabena ANC, unionist Shot dead at ANC branch meeting

18 October

Khayelitsha, Western Cape Nomsa Mapongawana (34) Wife of chair of the UDF affiliated Western Cape Civic Association, Michael Mapongawana Died from a bullet wound in the chest.

27 October

Durban Revd. Wallace Ngcibi Methodist Church Shot dead by gunman.

5 November

Ntuzuma, Natal Thami Zondi Mr Nene ANC Civic worker Killed.

19 November

Soweto Fawcett Mathebe ANC Youth league Knifed and killed, car stolen.

13 December

Soweto Lele Mabele PAC, unionist Shot outside home.

 

1991

24 January

Heidelburg, PWV Revd. Modisele ANC, NECC Killed; burnt body found with bible on it.

8 February

Durban Mthunzi Njakazi ANC Shot dead on street.

16 February

Soweto Bheki Mlangeni ANC, human rights lawyer Killed by walkman bomb meant for Dirk Coetzee.

25 February

Pietermaritzburg Chief Mhlabunzima Maphumulo CONTRALESA, ANC Shot dead getting into car.

24 March

Table Mountain, Natal Dinzy Maphumulo Step-father of Chief Maphumulo Shot dead at home.

14 April

Alexandra, PWV Zweli Tshabalala Azanian Youth Organisation Shot dead at home.

24 April

Mooi River Derrick and Mavis Majola ANC Shot dead by 4 armed men bursting into home

01 May

Thokoza Jackie Matjili MK Shot dead.

17 May

Soweto Tumi Padi MK Shot dead.

17 May

Soweto Nokuzolo Neala MK Shot dead.

7 June

Soweto Phanuel Molaudzi, Rose Kota, Darkmore Tshabalala ANC, SACP Gunned down in a train.

19 June

Cape Town Mziwonke 'Pro' Jack ANC Gunned down near home.

1 July

Mmakaunyane Joseph Mathe ? Body discovered by Bophuthatswana police in the boot of a burnt car.

2 July

Braklaagte, Bophuthatswana William Rantoa, Kgosimang Mafora Pro-Bophuthatswana faction in Braklaagte Killed when gunmen opened fire on them at a bus stop.

3 July

Mphopomeni, Natal 3 occupants at ANC home At home of chair of local ANC branch Killed.

3 July

Boipatong Constance Sotsu (49), Margaret Sotsu (33), Samanta Sotsu (4) Relatives of COSA TU official and ANC education officer, Revd. Ernest Sotsu Family members shot dead; house petrol bombed.

8 July

Cape Town Michael Mapongwana and driver of taxi Chair of Western Cape Civic Association Killed in taxi.

12 July

Katlehong Aubrey Sibiloane MK Shot dead entering the yard of his home.

20 July

Kwa Thema, PWV Pepsi Mahlangu Returned exile Shot and killed by an unknown gunman.

21 July

Pietermaritzburg Muntu Gasa (26) Former Imbali Special Constable and Inkatha member, turned ANC member Shot in the head 3 times by gunman.

4 August

Umbumbulu, Natal Boy Chanco Working for Flora Mkhize, widow of Sipho Mkhize, who had allegedly been killed by a KwaZulu police member Shot dead while driving his car.

14 August

Natal midlands Chauffeur of Chief Mhlabunzima Maphumulo Witness at inquest into Chief's death Killed.

14 August

Khayelitsha, Western Cape Florence Tshuku, her children - Lundi, Mncedisi, Abigail,Edward Gebe ANC Killed when home was attacked and burnt.

9 September

Athlone, Western Cape Igsaan Sharief Adriaanse (34) Dorothy Spencer (26) Witnesses for the state's case against a CCB operative Shot dead in the back of the head at close range.

19 September

Mbayi, Natal Joseph Twala (35) ANC official Shot dead at home of girlfriend.

19 September

Soweto John Papa Monyakalle ANC Youth League leader Found dead in the toilet of his home.

22 September

Folweni, Natal Nhlanhla Makhanya (14), Revd. Mntambo, his son and an employee, Mr. Mtshali, Mr. Ngwenya and Siyabonga Goodwill Mohlomi ANC supporters Shot in the back of their heads at close range.

29 September

Thokoza, PWV Sam Ntuli (31) General Secretary of CAST, chair of Thokoza Civic Association and ANC member Shot dead when gunmen forced his car off the road.

5 November

Thokoza, PWV Phumzile Mbatha ANC activist and COSATU worker Killed while returning from anti-VAT protest rally.

6 November

Alexandra, PWV Jama Makhosi, Fihlokwakhe Nxumalo ANC, SACP and Alexandra Civic Organisation activist, Relative of chair of local IFP branch Shot dead outside the local ANC offices.

19 November

Greytown, Natal Sifiso Khumalo (13), Msani Chamane (13), Sibongiseni Makhathini (12) ANC youth Killed in their homes.

24 November

Wattville, PWV Dr. Lindiwe Mbambo Wife of an ANC official and member of Wattville Concerned Residents Committee Shot dead by gunman at home.

15 December

Murchison, Natal 2 active COSATU affiliated trade union members Trade union members Killed by a group of men.

17 December

Table Mountain, Natal Thomas Mshoki Gcabashe Local IFP official Killed; shot 45 times in the neck and shoulder.

18 December

Khayelitsha, Western Cape Jongikaya Witbooi, Lumkile Maxiti, Agnes Maseti At home of civic leader Shot dead.

22 December

Mpumalanga, Natal James Khanyile Community leader Shot dead while sitting outside his home.

 

1992

10 January

Daveyton, PWV Almond Tshabalala (36) Daveyton Interim Committee Shot dead by an unknown gunman.

22 January

Empusheni, Natal 7 members of Nkwazi family ANC Killed at their home; shot at close range.

27 January

Mdantsane, Ciskei Sipho John Thembani (69) ANC and member of Mdantsane Residents Association Killed; shot in the head.

5 February

Folweni, Natal 6 people ANC members Gunned down by a group of men.

5 February

Pietermaritzburg Precious Chiliza (6), Nkanyiso Sithole (9), Noluthando Mkhizi (11) In car of Abdul Awetha, senior Inkatha official and deputy-mayor of Imbali Killed when 16 gunmen opened fire on the car they were in.

7 February

Umlazi, Natal Winnington Sabelo IFP Central Committee member and KwaZulu MP Gunned down at his shop.

9 February

Pietermaritzburg S'kumbumso Ngwenya ANC official Shot dead after leaving a restaurant in the centre of town

27 February

Nyanga, Western Cape Nyanga Lucas Mbembe (60) ANC official and chair of Western Cape Hostel Dwellers Association Gunned down after coming from a civic unity meeting   27 February Thokoza, PWV Mr. Madondo Thokoza Civic Association Killed in his house by a group of unknown men.

29 February

Estcourt, Natal Mr. Zulu ANC official Shot and killed while driving his car.

9 March

Sharpeville, PWV 'Doctor' Mkopidi Motsisi Witness to killing of an ANC activist Shot dead.

21 March

Umlazi, Natal Sifiso Mabaso ANC member Shot dead.

22 March

Sebokeng, PWV Saul Tsotetsi, Alfred Yika, Elias Motloung SACP and ANC official, SACC employee Killed when a hand grenade exploded.

12 April

Wesselton, Eastern Transvaal Chris Ngwenya and his wife IFP Youth Brigade official and leader of the vigilante gang, 'Black Cats' Shot dead by unknown men.

12 April

Wesselton, Eastern Transvaal Christina Khabe IFP member and mother of witness at Goldstone Commission Attacked and killed at her home.

17 April

Esikhaweni, Natal ANC member ANC Shot dead while driving.

29 April

Sebokeng, PWV Alinah Smith (52) Mother of ANC Youth League official Killed when a hand grenade exploded in house.

15 May

Alexandra, PWV Simon Nxumalo Chairperson of IFP Alexandra Branch Shot and killed by unknown gunmen.

17 May

Soweto Ernest Mabaso Chairperson of ANC Zola Branch and member of Soweto Civic Association Shot dead as he was leaving his home.

29 May

Pretoria Jan Choba (35) PAC member (senior) Shot dead 7 times in the chest and head

3 June

Piet Retief, Eastern Transvaal Goodwill Sthuli Shlaza (22) Chairperson of the Piet Retief ANC Youth League and of the ANC Youth League zonal structure Shot dead at his home.

3 June

Butterworth, Transkei Fanie Jannes Jiba (36) Chairperson of SACP and MK member Shot dead at a taxi rank.

11 June

Umtata Julayi Hlekiso Chairperson of the Transport and General Workers Union Shot at point blank range outside his office.

14 June

Empangeni, Natal ANC member ANC member Shot dead.

14 June

Empangeni, Natal Ewert Mzimela, Stanley Mabaso ANC activists Bodies found by children playing on a local beach.

15 June

Tembisa, PWV Revd. Tseleng Namane (47) PAC member Died in hospital three days after he was shot at his home.

19 June

Malukazi, Natal Sbu Pitiyase Mnguni ANC member Shot dead by group of gunmen.

19 June

Umlazi, Natal Vusimuzi Mabaso, Thabani Memela, Mazwi Mkize ANC supporters Shot dead.

20 June

Umlazi, Natal Pitso Moekoena ANC member Shot dead.

22 June

Umlazi, Natal Lizzy Makhathini (62), Nhlanhla Mbatha (36) Makhathini member of the ANC Women's League Killed at Ms Makhathini's home.

26 June

Wembezi, Natal Isaac Mswane (49) IFP organiser Shot dead while driving to his home.

9 July

Umtata Chief Julius Matatu Former Transkei government minister and prominent traditional leader Shot and killed at his home in Mqanduli.

15 July

Umbumbulu, Natal Dominic Mahlangu IFP's Etholeni leader Shot dead when unidentified attackers in a car pulled up outside his home.

16 July

Alberton, East Rand Bernard Mafiyeka NUMSA shop steward Gunned down by one of a group of 4 men who approached him as he walked to work.

18 July

Umlazi, Natal Dome Wellington Ngobese Chair of the IFP branch at Glebelands Hostel Gunned down in his hostel room.

8 August

Rosslyn, PWV NUMSA chair Chair of NUMSA's Rosslyn local Kidnapped and murdered by unidentified men.

18 August

Addo, Eastern Cape Andre Maasdorp de Villiers (42) Disclosed information to the ANC and Natal-based weekly paper on activities of the SADF's 'Hammer' unit Gunned down as he parked his vehicle on his farm.

23 August

Richmond, Natal Fana Nzimande, his wife and 4 children (aged between 4 and 15) IFP supporting headman Shot dead in their home by a group of 5 unidentified gunmen.

26 August

Tentergate Thembinkosi Dywshu ANC Shot 5 times; body found by the Ciskei police.

26 August

Esikhaweni, Natal 8 people, including Sam Nywayo Nywayo chair of the ANC Empangeni branch, others ANC, present at homes of attacked ANC members 2 hour attack on homes of ANC activists.

27 August

Tentergate Welile Oliphant ANC Shot dead at his home.

28 August

Richmond, Natal Washington Duke Sosibo Traditional headman and local IFP organiser Shot dead as he left a local supermarket.

31 August

Ezingolweni, Natal ANC member ANC Killed when he was attacked at the home of a friend.

15 October

Alice, Eastern Cape Elby Ngece ANC Killed at home.

15 October

Alice, Eastern Cape Ben Badi, Nowinile Badi and granddaughter Vuyokazi Badi (11) ANC Killed at home.

26 October

King Wiliam's Town Jackson Lufele ANC Quinzini Village branch executive member Shot and killed by gunmen introducing themselves as members of the African Democratic Movement.

27 October

Richmond, Natal Reggie Hadebe ANC Natal Midlands deputy chair Gunned down in an ambush on a vehicle transporting senior ANC officials.

27 October

Thokoza, PWV Vusi Tshabala Thokoza township civic leader Shot by gunmen in the head and back while walking.

2 November

Piet Retief, Eastern Transvaal Tulani Eric Nkosi and friend Elias Kunene ANC Gunned down.

12 November

Madadeni, Natal Professor Hlalanathi Sibankulu ANC regional executive committee member, Newcastle branch chair Found dead in his car.

5 December

Imbali, Natal Nhlalayenza Ngcobo Chair of the Inkatha Youth Brigade at Imbali Shot dead during an attack on his home.

 

1993

24 January

Esikhaweni, Natal Matilda Ndlela ANC Killed by alleged hit squads.

February

Mdantsane Mlungiseleli Venkile, Zwelinjani Tshandu ANC Shot dead in a pre-dawn attack on their home.

February

Tigane Andries Khoza, Koos Seokolo IFP Youth Brigade leaders Killed.

March

North coast, Natal Mbonlongeni Zulu Inkatha leader Killed; home torched.

March

Alexandra, PWV Mxibilo Phoswa Wife of Alex Inkatha general secretary, Peterson Phoswa Killed when gunmen burst into home.

March

Vaal, PWV James Mthombeni, Sizwe Mkhwanazi Mthombeni - trained member of Umkhonto we Sizwe, Mkhwanazi - Vaal Civic Association (sub- branch chair) Shot dead by a contingent of SAP and Internal Stability Unit.

23 March

Umlazi, Natal Ephraim Ndebele (44), Robert Sekobi (44) Ndebele - Inkatha Supporting councillor, local Dispute Resolution member Killed days before peace meeting.

10 April

Boksburg, PWV Chris Hani Executive member of ANC and SACP Shot and killed outside his home.

April

Natal Caiphus Dlamini IFP Northern Natal regional chair Killed.

April

Protea Sam Tambane General secretary of ANC Soweto branch Shot and killed by police during a march outside the Protea Police Station.

May

Thokoza, PWV Dennis Makhanya Thokoza ANC and Civic branch treasurer Abducted on 25 May on his way to work; body subsequently found at Germiston mortuary on 27 May.

May

- Solly Smith ANC's former chief representative in London Killed.

June

Ipelegeng, Western Transvaal Paul Dintoe Chair of the IFP Youth Brigade Ipelegeng branch Killed after being abducted from his home.

6 June

Empangeni, Natal Mkhombiseni Buthelezi IFP branch chair at Ekusayeniward, kwaNtewa Shot and killed.

June/July

Piet Retief, Eastern Transvaal Mphikeledi Malinga, Star Magudulela SANCO officials Shot dead by a man who claimed to be a member of Umkhonto we Sizwe.

June/July

Tembisa, East Rand Zephania Ndoda 'Mosebetsi Mathebula', Boy Petsie MK Shot and killed on their way to work.

June/July

Empangeni, Natal Khulekani Mhlongo SRC member and Secretary general ANC Northern Natal region Shot dead at the campus.

June/July

PWV Ishmael Moloane Former Umkhonto we Sizwe logistics officer Died when police exchanged fire with ANC leader Walter Sisulu's bodyguards.

June/July

OFS Tejibe Ndlovu Secretary of Free State ANC Women's League Killed in front of her house.

July

Wembezi Bonginkosi Sithole Senior IFP official Shot and killed outside his home.

July

Katlehong, PWV Absolom Anderson, Boy Shozi Senior IFP official, deputy chair of the Katlehong Local Peace Committee Burnt body found in Katlehong; had been shot and stabbed before being set alight by a group of youths.

September

Kwa-Tema-Springs Samuel Motha IFP chair of Kwa-Tema branch Shot in the head on his way to work.

September

Meadowlands, Soweto Prince Mafoko Official of the ANC Youth League Shot and killed by police.

September

Komba Mbulelo Archie Mbelekane ANC local executive member Stabbed and stoned to death after answering a knock on the door.

19 October

Vulindela, Natal Michion Mkhize IFP student leader at the University of Zululand Stabbed to death.

November

Pongola, Natal Zolana Michael Mcetywa Chair of the Pongola region of the ANC Shot and killed in front of a furniture store.

November

KaNgwane Abraham Vilakazi, Wilson Maseko, Mischalk Motha, Mandla Mabaso ANC Deepdale branch executive members Killed when their car was ambushed.

6 November

Transvaal Felix Mvelase Son of IFP Transvaal chair Vitus Mvelase Killed by gunmen.

20 November

Johannesburg John Lawrence Winnie Mandela's bodyguard Died after a shoot- out in the centre of Johannesburg.

December

Bekkersdal Robert Hlomuka IFP Bekkersdal secretary Stabbed to death.

December

Yeoville, Johannesburg Patrick Shuma Bodyguard of ANC NEC member Jacob Zuma Shot and killed while waiting at a bus stop.

December

Tzaneen, Eastern Transvaal Johannes Pilusa Chairman of an area ANC branch Shot dead at his home by 2 gunmen.

27 December

Vosloorus Samuel Magaula Mabuja East Rand MK commander Shot and killed by the police.

31 December

Western Cape Frederick and Clifford Nissen Brothers of the ANC assistant secretary of the Western Ca

Last updated : 27-Sep-2016

This article was produced for South African History Online on 03-Apr-2011