British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan began his "winds of change" tour of Africa in Ghana. Ghana became the first country in Sub-Sahara to gain independence in 1957, with Kwame Nkrumah as its first President. Many African countries gained independence after Macmillan’s speech. This famous and prophetic speech was made by Harold Macmillan, British Prime Minister on 3 February 1960 to the South African Parliament in Cape Town.
In his speech, Macmillan said; "The wind of change is blowing through this continent and, whether we like it or not, this growth of national consciousness is a political fact. We must all accept it as a fact, and our national policies must take account of it. ... As I see it, the great issue in this second half of the twentieth century is whether the uncommitted peoples of Asia and Africa will swing to the East or to the West.
• SAHO, “The ‘Wind of Change ‘speech”, from South African History Online, [online], Available at www.sahitory.org.za [Accessed: 14 November 2012]
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