Hendrik Hop, leader of an expedition north of the Orange River, is born
Date: 21 June, 1716
On 21 June 1716, Hendrik Hop, future leader and explorer, was born in the district of Paarl, in the Western Cape. Hop was a Stellenbosch farmer, captain in the Stellenbosch Burgher Cavalry and "heemraad" in Stellenbosch.
Hop later led an expedition to the north of the Orange River, or Namaqualand in 1761*. This expedition was supported by the Dutch East India Company, or VOC. Under his leadership, 17 Europeans and 68 servants traveled from July 1761- April 1762, and reached a point 70 km from Keetmanshoop.
According to other sources, this expedition began in 1760, and continued as far north as Walvis Bay. It has also been stated that Hop and another explorer, Willem van Reenen, discovered evidence of copper in the area and encountered the now extinct zebra species, the quagga.
Accounts of their journey have been recorded in the diary of Carel Frederik Brink, who was a surveyor and map maker at the time of the expedition.
- Mossop, E.E (translator) "The Journal of Carel Frederik Brink of the Journey into Great Namaqualand [1761-2] made by Captain Hendrik Hop" [online] Available at: vanriebeecksociety.co.za [Accessed 9 June 2009]
- Nama Khoi Municipality: History [online] Available at: namakhoi.org.za [Accessed 9 June 2009]
- Potgieter, D. et al (ed) (1972) Standard Encyclopedia of Southern Africa, Vol. 5. Published by NASOU Limited. p. 584.
- South Africa General Timeline [online] Available at: sahistory.org.za [Accessed 9 June 2009]
- The Art of African Exploration [online] Available at: sil.si.edu [Accessed 9 June 2009]
- Wallis, F. (2000) Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar. Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.