Alfred Milner

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Biographical information

Synopsis:

British High Commissioner for South Africa and Governor of the Cape Colony between 1897 and 1899.

First name: 
Alfred
Last name: 
Milner
Date of birth: 
1854
Date of death: 
1925

Lives of Courage

British High Commissioner for South Africa and Governor of the Cape Colony between 1897 and 1899, when the Anglo-Boer War broke out. Played a major role in the reconstruction period that followed the war and the subsequent unification of the four colonies in 1910. Milner was appointed administrator of the two former Boer republics and soon formed the famous "Kindergarten" group of young Oxford educated officials who built the Northern region's shattered landscape.

Milner's aim for reconstruction in South Africa was primarily based on creating a united white government, he appointed the Lagden Commission to draw up a native policy that was to put restrictions on land access for Africans. He extended his separatist ambitions to education and political life as means of strengthening white supremacy, which were in turn turned into legislation by successive governments. He returned to England in 1906.

Last updated : 27-Aug-2011

This article was produced for South African History Online on 17-Feb-2011