Marble Theatre, Rostrum, and East Wing of the Union Buildings, Pretoria. c.1903 - 1920s. Frescura Collection.

The administrative capital of South Africa, Pretoria, or the 'Jacaranda City' is best known for its annual display of purple flowers in October. Located in the northern part of Gauteng, Pretoria is the historic centre of government in the former ZAR. Pretoria is also known as Tshwane, named after the Tswana/Ndebele Chief Tshwane.

• Chinappa, K. (1984) The History of the Asiatic Bazaar in Pretoria (1885-1914). Honours Thesis, University of Durban-Westville: Durban.
• Davenport, T. R. H. (1977) South Africa-A Modern History. The Macmillan Press: Britain.
• Dunston, L. (1975) Young Pretoria 1889-1913. Heer Printing Company: Pretoria.
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• “History of Pretoria”[online] Available at: [Accessed 1 April 2010]
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• Roberts, M. (2001) South Africa 1948-2000. The Rise and Fall of Apartheid. Longman: England.
• Van Vollenhoven, A.C. “The History of Fort Klapperkop, Pretoria” Pamphlet from Fort Klapperkop Heritage Site.
• Warwick, P. (1980) The South African War. Longman: Britain.
• Watson, W. (2007) Brick by Brick: An Informal Guide to the History of South Africa. New Africa Books: South Africa. 
• ‘Wonderboom Nature Reserve’ pamphlet, issued by the City of Tshwane: Agriculture and Environmental Department, Nature Conservation and Resorts.

Last updated : 17-Feb-2015

This article was produced for South African History Online on 29-Mar-2011