Grade 4 Term 2 Timeline: Mahatma Gandhi

1869

  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is born in Porbandar, Gujarat, India

1883

  • Gandhi marries KasturbaiMakhanji in an arranged child marriage

1888

  • He travels to London to train as a barrister

1891

  • He returns to India from London after passing the Bar

1893

  • He travels to South Africa to work under a year-long contract with Dada Abdulla & Co., an Indian firm

1893

  • Gandhi experiences racism when ejected from a South Africantrain. This motivates him to fight for Indian rights in the British Colony

1894

He establishes the Natal Indian Congress

1896

  • He becomes an established political leader in South Africa

1899

  • He organizes an Indian ambulance corps of 1100 men during his service in the Boer War

1906

  • He organizes stretcher-bearer corps that serves during the Zulu uprising
  • Gandhi introduces the non-violent protest philosophy of Satyagraha

1908

  • Gandhi is arrested for the first time, for refusing to carry an obligatory id card in South Africa

1913

  • Gandhi begins "Great March" to gain Indian rights in South Africa

1914

Gandhi returns to India where he becomes leader of the Indian National Congress. 1914

1919

  • The British government passes the Rowlatt Act in colonial India, indefinitely extending the use of 'emergency measures'

1920

  • The Gandhi era of the Indian independence movement begins with the Non-Cooperation Movement

1922

  • A Nationalist mob sets fire to a police station, prompting Gandhi to call off the Non-Cooperation Movement
  • Gandhi is arrested by the British Government on charges of inciting violence

1924

  • Gandhi is released from prison after serving only two years of a six-year sentence following surgery for appendicitis
  • Gandhi begins twenty-one day fast in an attempt to reconcile Hindus and Muslims

1929

  • The Indian National Congress raises the tricolour flag of India
  • Declaration of the independence of India

1930

  • In order to help free India from British control, Gandhi proposed a non-violent march protesting the British salt tax
  • Gandhi arrives at Dandi, Gujarat, concluding the salt march

1931

  • Ghandi is released from prison
  • Gandhi signs an agreement with Lord Irwin, Viceroy of India, which includes the discontinuation of the civil disobedience movement by the Indian National Congress the removal of the tax salt

1934

  • Gandhi announces retirement from politics to focus on village economics

1942

  • Gandhi is arrested after refusing to support Britain during WW2 unless India is given immediate independence

1944

  • Gandhi is released from prison

1947

  • India gains independence from Britain
  • India is partitioned into two separate states: India and Pakistan

1948

  • Gandhi announces fast to end Hindu/Muslim violence in Delhi
  • Gandhi is assassinated 

Last updated : 12-Apr-2016

This article was produced by South African History Online on 08-May-2015

Support South African History Online

Donate and Make African History Matter

South African History Online is a non profit organisation. We depend on public support to build our website into the most comprehensive educational resource and encyclopaedia on African history.

Your support will help us to build and maintain partnerships with educational institutions in order to strengthen teaching, research and free access to our content.



Donate.